A festival is an event ordinarily celebrated by a community and centring on some characteristic aspect of that community and its religion or cultures. It is often marked as a local or national holiday, mela, or eid. Next, to religion and folklore, a significant origin is agricultural. Food is such a vital resource that many festivals are associated with harvest time. Religious commemoration and thanksgiving for good harvests are blended in events that take place in autumn, such as Halloween in the northern hemisphere and Easter in the southern.
Festivals often serve to fulfil specific communal purposes, especially in regard to commemoration or thanksgiving. The celebrations offer a sense of belonging for religious, social, or geographical groups, contributing to group cohesiveness. They may also provide entertainment, which was particularly important to local communities before the advent of mass-produced entertainment. Festivals that focus on cultural or ethnic topics also seek to inform community members of their traditions; the involvement of elders sharing stories and experience provides a means for unity among families.
List of Festivals in India – Statewise:
Andhra Pradesh :
Pitr-Paksha- Mahalaya Amavasya, Noopuraraavam, All India Industrial Exhibition (Numaish), Bhishma Ekadasi, Deccan Festival, Telugu New Year, Ugadi (Gudi Padwa), Sri Rama Navami Festival, Vinayaka Chaturthi, Durga Festival, Nagula Chavithi.
Magh or Bhogali Bihu, Dehing Patkai Festival, Elephant Festival, Pragjyothi International Dance Festival, Bohag Bihu, Bihu.
Andaman and Nicobar :
Island Tourism Festival, Swami Vivekananda Jayanti, Reh – Idu Festival.
Arunachal Pradesh :
Boori Boot – Nyishi, Hill Miris Festival, Losar – Monpa Festival, Tamladu – Idu-Mishmi tribe, Oriah – Wancho tribe, Ali-Aye Ligang – Mishing tribe, Nyokum – Nishi Festival, Mopin – Adi Festival, Pongtu – Tutsa tribe, Sanken – Khampti and Singhpo tribe, Moh or Mol – Tangsa tribe, Dree – Apatani Festival, Solung – Adi Festival, Chalo Loku – Nocte tribe.
Rajgir Dance Festival, Chhath Puja, Sonepur Cattle Fair.
Daman and Diu :
National Tribal art & Food Festival, Monsoon Magic Festival, Heritage Festival, Nariyela Poornima.
Dadra and Nagar Haveli : Holika Dahan.
Delhi Book Fair, Taj Mahotsav, Garden Tourism Festival, Mango Festival.
Kutch Festival / Kutch Rann Utsav, Paragliding Festival, Saptak Music Festival, Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit, Uttarayan Kite Festival, Modhera Dance Festival(Uttarardh Mahotsav), Vad Fest, Global Bird Watchers Conference, Bhavnath Fair, Great Indian Heritage Fest, Dangs Darbar, Kavant Fair, Chaitra Navratri, Chitra Vichitra Fair, Mango Festival, Monsoon Festival, Tarnetar Fair (Temple of Shiva or Trinetreshwar), Bhadrapada Purnima (Ambaji), Beach Festival, Shamlaji Fair, Vautha Fair.
Sunburn Festival, Zatra at Cansaulin, Goa Carnival, Feast of Sacred Heart of Jesus, Sao Joao, Feast of Assumption of our Lady, Feast of Three Kings, Gokulashtami, Chovoth, Ladainha or Ladin, Feast of St Francis Xavier, Feast of Immaculate Conception, Goa Liberation Day.
Surajkund Craft Mela, Guru Ravidas’s Birthday, Shaheedi Diwas of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru & Sukhedev, Baisakhi Festival, Maharana Pratap Jayanthi, Sant Kabir Jayanthi, Haryana Heroes Martyrdom Day, Maharaja Agrasen Jayanti, Haryana Day, Shaheed Udham Singh’s Birthday.
Himachal Pradesh :
Losar, Himachal Day, Rakhadumni – Rakhi.
Jammu and Kashmir :
Leh Sindhu Darshan, Kashmir Lavender Festival, 33rd Kalachakra, Guru Tse-Chu, Vikram Samvat, Wanchuk, Galdan Namchot, Lohri, Spitok Gustor Zanskar, Spituk Gustor, Basant Panchmi, Dosmochey Festival, Yargon Tungshak, Guru Tse-Chu, Stok Guru Tsechu, Matho Nagrang, Nagrang, Shab-e-Miraj, Yuru Kabgyat, Hemis Festival, Shachukul Gustor, Zanskar Karsha Gustor, Phyang Tsedup, Korzok Gustor, Dak-Thok Tse-Chu, Sakti Tse-Chu, Naszal, Ladakh Festival, Navratri, Thiksay Gustor,Chemrey Angchok, Galdan Namchot, Losar (New Year).
Makar Sankramana, Pattadakal Dance Festival, Gudi Padva or Ugadi, Naga Panchami.
Swathi Sangeethotsavam, Arthunkal Perunnal, Sabarimala Makaravilakku, Kanjiramattom Nercha, Nishagandhi Festival, Ernakulathappan Utsavam, Pattambi Nercha, Thaipooyam, Thaipooya Mahotsavam, Maramon Convention, Machattu Mamangam, Pariyanampetta Pooram, Adoor Gajamela, Kuttikkol Thampuratty Theyyam, Uthralikavu Pooram, Chettikulangara Bharani, Guruvayoor Utsavam, Chittur Kongan Pada, Chinakkathoor Pooram, Attukal Pongala, Parippally Gajamela, Thirunakkara Arattu, Attuvela Mahotsavam, Kodungalloor Bharani, Malanada Kettukazhcha, Arattupuzha Pooram, Nenmara Vallangi Vela, Feast Malayattoor Church, Kadammanitta Padayani, Vishu, Feast at Edathua Church, Thrissur Pooram, Kottiyoor Utsavam, Champakulam Boat Race, Nehru Trophy Boat Race, Thripunithura Athachamayam, Onam, Payippad Boat Race, Aranmula Boat Race, Pulikali, Feast at Manarcad, Neelamperoor Padayani, Vallarpadam Thirunal, Sree Narayana Guru Samadhi, Amrithanandamayi Birthday, Sree Narayana Guru Jayanthi, Soorya Music Festival, Soorya Dance Festival, Mannarasala Ayilyam, Feast at Parumala, Chembai Sangeetholsavam, Kalpathi Ratholsavam, Vaikathashtami Festival, Perumthitta Tharavad Kottamkuzhy, Kochi Biennale, Cochin Carnival, Theyyam at Kanathoor.
Madhya Pradesh :
Tejaji Fair, Khajuraho Dance Festival.
Kalidas Festival, Bird fest, Chikoo Utsav, Nag Panchami.
Meghalaya : Bob Dylan Festival, Ahaia Festival.
Manipur : Chavang Kut.
Mizoram : Chapchar Kut.
Nagaland : Moatsu Festival, Hornbill Festival.
Savitri Amavasya, Mukteswar Dance Festival, Sattila Ekadasi, Rajarani Music Festival, Bhaimi Ekadasi, Magha Purnima, Puri Beach Festival, Kumbha Sankranti, Pankoddhar Ekadasi, Konark Dance Festival, Phagu Dasami, Papanasini Ekadasi, Dola Purnima, Meena Sankranti, Papamochani Ekadasi, Chaitra Amavasya, Rama Navami, Kamada Ekadasi, Pana Sankranti, Baruthini Ekadasi, Chandan Yatra, Akshaya Tritiya, Mohini Ekadasi, Jala Krida Ekadasi, Brusha Sankranti, Sudasha Brata, Raja Sankranti, Rath Yatra, Bada Ekadasi, Bahuda Yatra, Singha Sankranti, Khudurukuni Osha, Gamha Purnima, Bali Trutiya, Kanya Sankranti, Rushi Panchami, Saraswati Puja, Garbhana Sankranti, Mahastami, Kumarotstaba Purnima, Kartik Purnima, Bichha Sankranti, Awala Navami, Konark Festival, International Sand Art Festival, Prathamastami, Manabasa – Gurubar Osha, Dhanu Sankranti.
Muktsar Fair, Lohri, Pracheen Kala Kendra Nritya and Sangeet Sammelan, Baisakhi, Guru Parab- Guru Nanak’s Birthday.
International Yoga festival.
Bikaner Camel Festival, Jaipur Literature Festival, Nagaur Fair/Ramdeoji cattle fair, Beneshwar Fair, Desert Festival, Braj Festival, Shekhawati Festival, Jambheshwar Fair, Elephant Festival, Gangaur Festival, Mewar Spring Festival, Rajasthan Day Celebration, Mahaveerji Fair, Jodhpur Flamenco and Gypsy Festival (JFG), Summer Festival, Urs Fair, Teej Festival, Kajli Teej Festival, Kota Dussehra, Marwar Festival, Galiyakot Urs, Pushkar Camel Fair, Kolayat Fair (Kapil Muni Fair), Chandrabhaga Fair, Matasya Festival, Bundi Utsav, Winter Festival.
Saga Dawa, Drupka Tseshi, Lakshmi Puja, Lhabab Duechen, Kagyat Dance, Losoong Sikkimese, Maghe Sankranti Sanhamole, Losar Tibetan, International Flower Festival, Guru Rimpoche’s Birthday, Pang Lhabsol.
Tamil Nadu :
Kambam Festival, Chennai Dance Festival (December Season), Chennai Music Festival (December Season), Arudra Darisanam / Thiruvathirai, Thyagaraja Aradhana, Bhogi Pongal, Surya Pongal, Mattu Pongal, Jallikattu Festival, Thiruvalluvar day, India International Leather Fair, Thaipusam, Natyanjali Festival, Tamil New Year, Velankanni Church Festival, Mamallapuram Dance Festival.
Rabindra / Nazrul Jayanthi, Kharchi Puja, Ker Puja, Diwali Festival.
Magh Mela, Uttarayani Mela, International Yoga Week.
Uttar Pradesh :
Ayurveda Jhansi Mahotsav, Kailash Fair, Ayudha Puja, Nag Nathaiya, Deva Mela Ramayan Mela Ayodhya, Kumbh Mela, Magh Mela, Dhrupad Mela, Lathmar Holi, Sheetala Ashtami, Sankat Mochan Music Festival, Ganga Dussehras, Sri Krishna Janmashtami, Ram Leela, Matki Leela, Ganga Mahotsav, Dev Deepavali.
West Bengal :
Kenduli Mela, Gangasagar Mela, Dover Lane Music Conference, Birthday of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Vasant Panchami, Birthday of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Bengali Nava Barsha, Rabindra Jayanti, Durga Puja, Nandikar National Theatre Festival, Vishnupur (Bishnupur Festival).