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National Symbols of India – Animal, Bird, Emblem, Fruit, Flower, Tree, Sport

National Symbols of India – Animal, Bird, Emblem, Fruit, Flower, Tree, Sport

Importance Of National Symbols Of India, List Of National Symbols, National Symbols Of India In Hindi, National Vegetable Of India, National Fish Of India, National Insect Of India, National Flower Of India, National Emblem Of India, Lists Of National Symbols, National Emblem India | List Of National Symbols Of India, A Complete List Of National Animals From Around The World, National Symbols of India and Their Significance

 

 

What is National Symbols of India and Their Meaning?

The national animal of India is tiger it symbolises power; the national flower, lotus symbolises purity; the national tree, banyan symbolises immortality, the national bird, peacock symbolises elegance and the national fruit, mango symbolises the tropical climate of India. Similarly, our national song and national anthem were a source of inspiration during the freedom struggle. The national emblem of India depicts four lions standing back to back, symbolising power, courage, pride and confidence. Hockey was at its peak when it was adopted as the national game of India.

 

 

National Symbols of India – Animal, Bird, Emblem, Fruit, Flower, Tree, Sport

 

 

NATIONAL ANTHEM OF INDIA 

NATIONAL ANTHEM OF INDIA 

NATIONAL ANTHEM OF INDIA

 

  • The National Anthem of India ‘Jana-gana-mana’, composed originally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950.

 

  • It was first sung on 27 December 1911 at the Kolkata Session of the Indian National Congress

 

  • The complete song consists of five stanzas. The first stanza contains the full version of the National Anthem

 

  • Playing time of the full version of the national anthem is approximately 52 seconds. A short version consisting of the first and last lines of the stanza (playing time approximately 20 seconds) is also played on certain occasions

 

 

 

NATIONAL SONG OF INDIA 

NATIONAL SONG OF INDIA

NATIONAL SONG OF INDIA

 

  • The first two verses ofsong “Vande Mataram”, composed in Sanskrit by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was adopted as the National song of India in 1950

 

  • “Vande Mataram” was first sung during the 1896 session of theIndian National Congress by Rabindranath Tagore

 

  • The song was a part of Bankimchandra’s most famous novel Anand Math (1882)

 

 

 

THE INDIAN NATIONAL CALENDAR 

THE INDIAN NATIONAL CALENDAR 

THE INDIAN NATIONAL CALENDAR

 

  • India has two calendar: the Saka calendar and the Vikram Savat calendar.

 

  • This is the nation’s civil calendar which is used for functions such as planning civil events, announcing national holidays, and arranging the term times for schools and universities.

 

  • Newspapers may use either one of the two calendars, or both together, and different regions of India may favor one or the other calendar.

 

  • Saka calendar was introduced as the national calendar by the calendar committee in 1957.

 

 

 

THE INDIAN NATIONAL ANIMAL 

The Indian National Animal

The Indian National Animal

 

  • The tiger known as the bird of the jungle is the national animal of India.

 

  • The Bengal Tiger was declared as the national animal of India in April 1973.

 

  • Prior to this, the lion was the national animal of India.

 

 

 

NATIONAL BIRD OF INDIA 

National Bird Of India

National Bird Of India

 

  • The peacock, commomly known as Indian peafowl was declared the national bird of India in 1963

 

  • Peacock is considered as vehicle of the lord Muruga in Hinduism and symbol of “Resurrection” in the Christianity.

 

  • It symbolizes prettiness, pride and holiness.

 

  • Peacocks have their own religious significance and given protection on parliamentary decree under the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

  • Another reason why the peacock was chosen as the national bird was because of its presence across the country, so that even common peop

 

 

 

NATIONAL FLOWER OF INDIA 

National Flower Of India

National Flower Of India

 

  • Lotus (botanical name is Nelumbo nucifera) is a sacred Indian flower has been adopted as the national flower of India.

 

  • It symbolizes the fertility,knowledge, prosperity, honor, long life, good fortune, purity of hearth and mind.

 

  • Able to float delicately on the water and to live for many, many decades, lotuses can have roots that are several feet long.

 

  • It is the flower of goddess Laxmi and symbolises wealth.

 

  • The lotus flower remains untouched from impurity.

 

 

 

NATIONAL FRUIT OF INDIA 

NATIONAL FRUIT OF INDIA 

NATIONAL FRUIT OF INDIA

  • Mango (botanical name is Mangifera indica) fruit is called as the king of all fruits.

 

  • It is cultivated in almost all regions of India.

 

  • It is the rich source of vitamin A, C and D provides various health benefits to the people.

 

  • It is considered that almost 1 lac of mangoes tree were planted in Lakhi Bagh by the great Mughal emperor.

 

  • An International Mango Festival is held every year in Delhi

 

 

 

NATIONAL FLAG OF INDIA

National Flag Of India

National Flag Of India

  • It was adopted on 22 July 1947 during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly.

 

  • It is also called as tricolor.

 

  • The flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya.

 

  • The national flag of India is horizontal rectangular in shape and has three colours – deep saffron, white and green with Ashoka chakra at its centre.

 

  • Ashoka chakra is also called Wheel of Law.

 

 

 

NATIONAL EMBLEM OF INDIA

National Emblem Of India

National Emblem Of India

  • Asoka at Sarnath has been adopted by the Indian Government as the National Emblem of India.

 

  • It was adopted on 26th of January in 1950 when India became a Republic.

 

  • It is taken from Mundaka Upanishad which is a part of sacred Hindu Vedas.

 

  • This graphic representation was originally placed by the Emperor Ashoka in 250 BCE at the Buddhist site.

 

  • Emblem of India symbolizes power, courage, pride, and confidence.

 

  • There is a horse and a bull on each sides of the Wheel.

 

  • The State Emblem of India Act, 2005 regulates and restricts the usage of Emblem.

 

  • The original Lion Capital of Asoka is preserved in the Varanasi at Sarnath Museum.

 

 

 

NATIONAL GAME OF INDIA

National Game Of India

National Game Of India

  • In spite of cricket’s huge popularity in India, hockey is still the national game of India.

 

  • The game has seen a golden era during 1928-1956, when India won 6 consecutive gold medals in the Olympics.

 

  • At that time India had played 24 Olympic matches and won all of them.

 

  • Dhyan Chand was the best Indian hockey player of all time.

 

  • He is still remembered for his extraordinary goal-scoring accomplishments.

 

 

 

THE NATIONAL TREE OF INDIA

  • Indian banyan tree (botanical name Ficus bengalensis) has been adopted as the national tree of India.

 

  • There is a tradition of worshiping this tree especially by the married Hindu women wishing a long and happy married life.

 

  • At that time India had played 24 Olympic matches and won all of them.

 

  • The Banyan tree also gives shelter to many different kinds of animals and birds.

 

  • The tree is also known as Kalpavriksha, which means ‘wish fulfilling tree’.

 

 

 

NATIONAL RIVER OF INDIA

National River Of India

National River Of India

  • The Ganges or Ganga is the national river of India.

 

  • Ganga is the most sacred and longest river of the India.

 

  • According to the Hindus, this is the most sacred river on the earth.

 

  • It is worshiped as the Goddess by the people of Hindu religion and its sacred water is used at many important occasions.The origin of Ganga river is as the Bhagirathi.
  • River in the snowfields of Gangotri Glacier in the Himalayas.

 

  • The Indian cities which are famous for this river are Varanasi, Allahabad and Haridwar.

 

  • It is counted as the third largest river by discharge and empties into the Bay of Bengal, the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean.

 

 

 

NATIONAL CURRENCY OF INDIA

National Currency Of India

National Currency Of India

  • The Ganges or Ganga is the national river of India. Ganga is the most sacred and longest river of the India.
  • According to the Hindus, this is the most sacred river on the earth.
  • The Reserve Bank of India controls the issue of the Indian currency.
  • The coins in India with rupee symbol was launched on 8th of July in 2011

 

 

NATIONAL AQUATIC ANIMAL OF INDIA

NATIONAL AQUATIC ANIMAL OF INDIA

NATIONAL AQUATIC ANIMAL OF INDIA

  • Gangetic dolphin (zoological name is Platanista gangetica) has been adopted as the national aquatic animal.

 

  • Survives only in the pure and fresh water.

 

  • It has no lens in its eyes. The river dolphin is essentially blind and lives only in freshwater.

 

  • Generally it is found in the rivers like Ganges, Meghna and Brahmaputra in India, Bhutan, Bangladesh (Karnaphuli River), Nepal, etc.

 

  • It is considered as one of the oldest creatures in the world.

 

 

 

NATIONAL DAYS OF INDIA

  • Independence day, Gandhi Jayanti and Republic day of India has been declared as the national days of India.

 

  • Independence day is celebrated on 15th of August every year.

 

  • Republic day of India is celebrated on 26th of January every year because at this day the Indian Constitution came into force on 26th of January in 1950.

 

  • Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated every year on 2nd of October to celebrate the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

 

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