Industries in Popular Cities of India

Scholarship Examination in India

Even though India had various economic activities that contributed to its economy, the textile industry was a dominant contributor. Prior to the industrial revolution, Industries in Popular Cities of India had an internationally acclaimed cotton textile industry and exported to different parts of the world including Europe, Middle East and the Americas among others. In fact, in 1750, India is documented to have dominated the world’s cotton textile markets. India’s textile industry thrived because it had access to cheap labour that resulted in high quality but low priced calicoes. It is no wonder that the Indian calicoes were popular in Britain at the end of the 17th century.

However, after the industrial revolution, the table was turned as the textile imports to Britain were hurdled by stringent tariffs and other protectionist policies. Even though the imposed tariffs frustrated the Indian textile market, the superiority of the Indian calicoes remained unrivalled and people still imported it. It was not until the discovery and use of steam power as from 1815 that the Indian textile industry faced a market threat. The steam power made the previous inventions of the spinning mule and power loom more effective and efficient thus reducing the cost of British cotton by 85% and making it internationally competitive. By 1820, Britain was a leading world exporter of textiles significantly displacing India.

Also, India’s colonial masters imposed laws that dictated to the farmers which crops exactly to cultivate and how much crops to cultivate. This led to a situation where no food crops were cultivated because all the land was dedicated to the production of raw materials for the British industries. The end result was famine and poverty. Therefore, the industrial revolution turned India into a source of raw materials for British industries as well as a market for its finished products. The Indian economy also dwindled because its industrialization process was slowed down. Poverty and starvation also became common.

List of Factories / Industries in Popular Cities of India:

City

Industries

Agra

 Stoneware, Leather, Carpets And Marbles.

Ahmedabad

 Cotton-Textiles.

Aligarh

 Cutlery, Locks And Dairy-Industries.

Ambala

 Scientific Goods.

Amritsar

 Cloth-Printing, Carpets, Woollen Goods, Shawls.

Bangalore

 Watches, Telephone, Aircraft Industry.

Bareilly

 Rubber Factory, Match Factory, Wood Work.

Bhagalpur

 Silk.

Chennai

 Integral Coach Factory, Leather, Cigarette, Cotton.

Mumbai

 Chemicals, Oil Refineries, Fertilizers, Film, Industry, Woollen Goods, Cotton Manufacturing.

Chittaranjan

 Electrical Locomotives.

Churk

 Cement.

Cochin

 Coffee, Coconut Oil, Ship-Building.

Dalmianagar

 Cement.

Darjeeling

 Tea, Orange.

Delhi

 Textiles, Chemicals, Electronics, Sewing Machines.

Dhariwal

 Woollen Goods.

Ferozabad

 Glass-Bangles.

Hardwar

 Heavy Electricals.

Jamshedpur

 Iron And Steel Works, Train Coaches Locomotives.

Jallandhur

 Sports Articles And Surgical Goods.

Jaipur

 Ivory Work, Brass Work, Jewellery, Pottery, Cloth Painting.

Kolkata

 Iron And Steel, Jute, Paper, Pottery.

Kanpur

 Leather, Cotton, Aircraft Factories, Woollen Mills, Soap, Iron, Flour Mills.

Kolar

 Gold-Fields.

Lucknow

 Embroidery, Gold, Silver, Lac Work.

Ludhiana

 Hosiery, Cycle.

Mirzapur

 Carpet, Pottery, Stoneware And Brass.

Moradabad

 Brassware, Cutlery, Enamel Industry.

Karnataka

 Sandalwood Oil, Ivory Work, Silk Goods.

Renukoot

 Hindustan Aluminium Works.

Saharanpur

 Paper Mill.

Srinagar

 H.M.T. Factory, Woodwork, Embroidery, Paper Machine, Woollen Shawls.

Surat

 Cotton Textiles.

Tarapur

 Atomic Power Plant.

Titagarh

 Paper And Jute.

Trombay

 Oil Refineries, Atomic-Reactors.

Varanasi

 Diesel-Locomotives, Brass-Wares, Lac Bangles.

Vishakhapatnam

 Ship-Building.

Zainkot 

Hindustan Machine Tools (Watches)

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