Current Affairs

Timeline of Indian History/ Major Events of Indian History

Chronology of Important Events in Indian History for SSC Exams

 

List of Important Dates of Indian History – PDF Download. Here we are providing the List of Important Dates of Indian History which will be asked in Competitive Exams under General Awareness. This post will give you information about all the List of Important Dates of Indian History starting from Indus Valley Civilization to Mahatma Gandhi Assassination which will be helpful for your upcoming SSC Junior Engineer, SSC CGL, SSC MTS, RBI Assistant, PSC exams. You can also download the complete list as free PDF from the link given below.

 

Here we are providing the List of Important Dates of Indian History which will be asked in Competitive Exams under General Awareness. This post will give you information about all the List of Important Dates of Indian History starting from Indus Valley Civilization to Mahatma Gandhi Assassination which will be helpful for your upcoming SSC Junior Engineer, SSC CGL, SSC MTS, RBI Assistant, PSC exams.

 

Year

Event

Importance

 

2 Million BC to 10,00 BC

Paleolithic Period

Fire was discovered

 

2 Million BC to 50,000 BC

Lower Palaeolithic

Tools made of limestones were used. They are found in Chotanagpur plateau and Kurnool district

 

50,000 BC to 40,000 BC

Middle Palaeolithic

 

 

40,000 BC to 10,000 BC

Upper Palaeolithic

 

 

From 10,000 BC

The Mesolithic Age

Hunters and Herders

 

Microlith tools were used

 

 

 

7000 BC

The Neolithic age

Food producers

 

Use of polished tools

 

Pre-Harappan Phase – 3000 BC

Chalcolithic Age

Use of Copper – first metal

 

2500 BC

Harappan Phase

Bronze age civilization, development of Urban culture

 

1500 BC-1000 BC

Early vedic period

Rig veda period

 
 

1000BC-500BC

Later vedic period

Growth of 2nd Urban phase with establishment of Mahajanapadhas

 

600 BC – 325 BC

Mahajanapadhas

16 kingdoms with certain republics established

 

544 BC – 412 BC

Haryanka Dynasty

Bimbisara, Ajatshatru and Udayin

 

412 BC – 342 BC

Shisunga Dynasty

Shisunga and Kalashoka

 

344BC – 323 BC

Nanda Dynasty

Mahapadmananda

 
 

563 BC

Birth of Gautama Buddha

Buddhism established

 

540 BC

Birth of Mahavira

24th Tirtankara of Jainism

 

518 BC

Persian Invasion

Darius

 
 

483 BC

1st Buddhist council

Rajgir

 

383 BC

2nd Buddhist Council

Vaishali

 

326 BC

Macedonian Invasion

Direct contact between Greek and India

 

250 BC

3rd Buddhist council

Pataliputra

 

322 BC – 185 BC

Mauryan Period

Political unification of India, Dhamma policy of Ashoka, growth of Art and architecture

 

322 BC – 298 BC

Chandragupta Maurya

 

298 BC – 273 BC

Bindusara

 

273 BC – 232 BC

Ashoka

 

232 BC – 185 BC

Later Mauryans

 

185 BC – 73 BC

Sunga Dynasty

Pushyamitra Sunga

 

73 BC – 28 BC

Kanva dynasty

Vasudeva founded the dynasty

 

60 BC – 225 AD

Sathavahana dynasty

Capital at Paithan, MH

 
 

2nd BC

Indo-Greeks

Menander(165-145AD)

 

1st BC – 4th AD

The Shakas

Rudradaman (130 AD – 150 AD)

 

1st BC – 1st AD

The Parthians

St Thomas arrived in India during the reign of Gondophernes

 

1st AD -4th AD

The Kushans

Kanishka (78 AD – 101 AD)

 

98 AD

4th Buddhist Council

Kashmir

 

3rd BC – 3rd AD

Sangam age

Convene of Sangam Commune, Rule of Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas

 

319 AD – 540 AD

The Gupta Age

319 AD – Gupta Age

 

319 – 334 AD

Chandragupta I

Golden age of India

 

335 – 380 AD

Samudragupta

Development of numerous art and literature.

 

380 – 414 AD

Chandragupta II

Nagara style of Temple Building

 

415 – 455 AD

Kumaragupta

 

 

455 – 467 AD

Skandagupta

 

 

550 AD – 647 AD

Vardhana Dynasty

Harsha (606-647 AD)

 

Kannauj assembly and Prayag assembly held

 

Huan-Tsang visited Harsha’s assembly

 

543 – 755 AD

Chalukyas of Vatapi

Development of Vesera style

 

575 – 897 AD

Pallavas of Kanchi

Structural temples in Dravida style started to develop

 

Medieval India

   

Early Medieval Period (650 – 1206 AD)

   

Year

Event

Importance

 

750 – 1150 AD

Rule of the Palas

Capital at Munger, Bihar

 

752 – 973 AD

The Rasthrakutas

Capital at Malkhed

 

730 – 1036 AD

The Pratiharas

Ruled the western India

 

712 AD

First Muslim Invasion

Mahmud Bin Qasim invaded India

 

850 – 1279 AD

The Cholas

Capital at Tanjore, epitome moment for Dravidian Architecture

 

998 – 1030 AD

First Turk invasion

Mahmud of Ghazni

 

1175 – 1206 AD

Second Turk invasion

Mahmud of Ghori

 

1178 – 1192 AD

Pritviraj Chauhan

First battle of Tarain in 1191 between Prithviraj and Mahmud of Ghori

 

1192, Second battle of Tarain

 

The Sultanate Period (1206 – 1526 AD)

   

The Slave Dynasty

 

Year 

Event

Importance

 

1206 – 1210 AD

Qutbuddin Aibak

Known as Lal Bakhsh, began the construction of Qutb Minar

 

1211 – 1236 AD

Shamsuddin Iltumish

Real founder of Delhi sultanate

 

1236 – 1240 AD

Razia Sultana

First and only muslim lady who ever ruled India

 

1240 – 1266 AD

Weak successors

 

 

1266 – 1287 AD

Ghiyasuddin Balban

Established Diwan-i-Arz

 
    

The Khalji Dynasty

 

Year

Events

Importance

 

1290 – 1296 AD

Jalaludin Khalji

Founder of Khalji dynasty

 

1296 – 1316 AD

Allaudin Khalji

Did many administrative reforms, introduced the Dagh and Chehra system

 
    

The Tuglaq dynasty

 

Year

Events

Importance

 

1320 – 1325 AD

Ghiyasuddin Tuglaq

Founder

 

1325 – 1351 AD

Mohammed-Bin-Tuglaq

Introduction of administrative reforms and certain ambitious projects

 

1351 – 1388 AD

Firoz Shah Tuglaq

Built great cities

 

1398 – 1399 AD

Taimur Invasion

Taimur, the descendant of Chengiz Khan, invaded during the reign of Muhammad Shah Tuglaq

 

The Sayyid dynasty 1414 – 1450 AD

   

The Lodhi Dynasty (1451 – 1526 AD)

 

Year

Events

Importance

 

1451 – 1488 AD

Bahlol Lodhi

Founder of Lodhi dynasty

 

1489 – 1517 AD

Sikander Lodhi

Founded the city of Agra

 

1517 – 1526 AD

Ibrahim Lodhi

Babur defeated Lodhi in the first battle of Panipat

 

Vijaynagar and Bahmani Kingdoms

   

Vijaynagar Kingdom

 

Year

Events

Importance

 

1336 – 1485 AD

Sangama Dynasty

Founded by Harihara and Bukka

 

1485 – 1505 AD

Saluva Dynasty

Saluva Narasgima

 

1505 – 1570 AD

Tuluva Dynasty

Veer Narashima

 

1509 – 1529 AD

Krishna deva raya

A gifted Scholar, contemporary of Babur

 

1570 – 1650 AD

Aravidu Dynasty

Founded by Tirumala

 
    

Bahmani Kingdom

 

Year

Events

Importance

 

1347 – 1358 AD

Alaudin Hasan Bahman Shah

Founded the Bahmani Kingdom at Gulbarga

 

1397 – 1422 AD

Tajuddin Firoz Shah

 

 

1422 – 1435 AD

Ahmad Shah Wali

 

 

Mughal Empire

   

1526 – 1530 AD

Babur

Founder of Mughal empire after the 1stBattle of Panipat

 

1530 – 1540 AD

Humayun

He was defeated by Sher Shah

 

1555 – 1556 AD

 

1540 – 1555 AD

Sur Empire

Sher Shah defeated Humayun and ruled from 1540-45 AD

 

1556

2nd Battle of Panipat

Akbar Vs. Hemu

 

1556 – 1605 AD

Akbar

Established Din-i-illahi, expanded Mughal empire

 

1605 – 1627 AD

Jehangir

Captain William Hawkins and Sir Thomas Roe visited Mughal court

 

1628 -1658 AD

Shahjahan

The pinnacle of Mughal empire and art and architecture

 

1658 – 1707 AD

Aurangazeb

Beginning of the decline of Mughal empire

 

1707 – 1857 AD

Later Mughals

Decline and disintegration of Mughal empire with gaining strength of the British

 

Maratha State and Maratha Confederacy

   

Maratha state 1674 – 1720 AD

 

Year

Events

Importance

 

1674 – 1680 AD

Shivaji

Contemporary of Aurangazeb and the biggest challenge for the Mughals in Deccan

 

1680 – 1689 AD

Sambhaji

 

 

1689 – 1700 AD

Rajaram

 

 

1700 – 1707 AD

Tarabai

 

 

1707 – 1749 AD

Shahu

The rise of Peshwas

 

1713 – 1720 AD

Balaji Vishwanath

The first Peshwa

 

Maratha Confederacy 1720 – 1818 AD

   

1720 – 1740 AD

Baji Rao I

 

 

1740 – 1761 AD

Balaji Baji Rao

 

 

1761 AD

Third battle of Panipat

Defeat of Marathas by Ahmad shah Abdali

 

1761 – 1818 AD

Later successors

 

 

Anglo Maratha Wars

   

1775 – 1782 AD

1st Anglo Maratha War

British were defeated

 

1803 – 1806 AD

2nd War

Marathas were defeated and they signed the Subsidiary alliance

 

1817 – 1818 AD

3rd War

Marathas were decisively defeated

 

Modern India

   

Bengal

 

Year

Events

Importance

 

1717 – 1727 AD

Murshid Quli Khan

Capital of Bengal transferred to Murshidabad

 

1727 – 1739 AD

Shujauddin

 

 

1739 – 1740 AD

Sarfaraj khan

 

 

1740 – 1756 AD

Alivardi Khan

 

 

1756 – 1757 AD

Sirajuddaulah

Battle of Plassey

 

1757 – 1760 AD

Mir Jafar

 

 

1760 – 1764 AD

Mir Qasim

Battle of Buxar

 
    

Mysore

 

Year

Events

Importance

 

1761 – 1782 AD

Haider Ali

Establishment of Modern Mysore state

 

1766 – 1769 AD

1st Anglo – Mysore war

Haider ali defeated the British

 

1780 – 1784 AD

2nd Anglo – Mysore war

Haider ali was defeated by Sir Eyrecoot

 

1782 – 1799 AD

Tippu Sultan

Continued the 2nd war

 

1790 – 1792 AD

3rd Anglo – Mysore war

Tipu ceded half of his territory

 

1799

4th Anglo – Mysore war

Tipu sultan died

 
    

Punjab

 

1792 – 1839 AD

Maharaja Ranjit Singh

Founder of Sikh rule

 

1845 – 1846 AD

1st Anglo – Sikh war

Sikhs were defeated

 

1848 – 1849 AD

2nd Anglo – Sikh war

Dalhousie annexed Punjab

 

Advent of Europeans in India

   

1498

Portuguese East India company

Headquarters at Cochin and Goa

 

1600

English East India company

Madras, Calcutta and Bombay

 

1602

Dutch East India company

Pulicat, Nagapattinam

 

1616

Danish East India company

Serampore

 

1664

French East India company

Pondicherry

 

Carnatic wars

   

1746-48

1st Anglo-French war

Treaty of Aix-la-chapelle

 

1749-54

2nd Anglo-French war

Treaty of Pondicherry

 

1758-63

3rd Anglo-French war

Treaty of Paris

 

Freedom Struggle

   

1857

First war of Indian independence

Revolt due to socio-religious and economic causes

 

1885

Formation of Congress

A O Hume

 

1885 – 1905

Moderate phase

Dominated by Dadabai Naoroji, Surendranath Banerjea

 

1905 – 1917

Extremists Phase

Dominated by Lal-Bal-Pal and Aurobindo Ghosh

 

1905

Bengal Partition

Curzon announced the partition

 

1905 – 1908

Swadeshi movement

Boycott of foreign products

 

1906

Muslim league formation

 

 

1906

Calcutta Session of INC

Swaraj as the goal

 

1907

Surat split

Question on extending the movement to the rest of India

 

1909

Morley – Minto reforms

Separate electorate for Muslims

 

1915 – 1916

Home rule movement

BG Tilak and Annie Besant

 

1916

Lucknow pact

Pact between Congress and League

 

1916

Lucknow session

Extremists admitted in Congress

 

Gandhian Era

   

Early life

 

1893 – 1914

Gandhi in South Africa

Foundation of Natal Indian Congress, Sathyagraha and CDM against British excesses

 

1915 – 1948

Gandhi in India

 

 

1915

Arrived in Bombay. First two years to tour India and not to participate in any political movement

 

 

1917

Champaran Campaign

Against the Indigo cultivators

 

1918

Ahmedabad

First hunger strike

 

1918

Kheda

First non-cooperation movement

 

1919

Rowlatt Sathyagraha

Against the Rowlatt act and Jallianwala massacre

 

1920-22

Non-cooperation and Khilafat movement

 

 

1924

Belgaum session

Gandhi elected as Congress president

 

1930 -34

Civil disobedience movement

Dandi March

 

Gandhi – Irwin Pact

 

2nd Roundtable conference

 

Resuming the Civil disobedience movement

 

1940-41

Individual sathyagraha

 

 

1942

Quit India movement

Do or die

 

Important Events during this period

   

1919

Rowlatt act

Gandhi gave a call for Rowlatt satyagraha

 

1919

Jallianwala Massacre

 

 

1920-22

Khilafat and Non-cooperation movement

Hindu Muslim unity

 

1922

Chauri Chaura incident

Gandhi called off NCM

 

1923

Congress Khilafat Swaraj Party

Enter legislative councils

 

1927

Simon commission

All white commission to review the 1919 act

 

1928

Nehru committee report

To determine the principles of the constitution

 

1929

Jinnah’s 14 points

 

 

1929

Lahore session

Purna Swaraj

 

1930

Civil disobedience movement

Dandi March

 

1931

Gandhi Irwin Pact

To ask Gandhi participate in the 2ndRTC

 

1941

Escape of Subhash Chandra Bose from India and death of Rabindranath Tagore

 

1942

Arrival of Cripps Mission in India; Quit India Movement launched (August 8)

 

1943-1944

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose forms provisional Azad Hind Fauj and Indian National Army; Bengal Famine

 

1945

Trial of Indian National Army at Red Fort; Shimla Conference; World War II ends

 

1946

British Cabinet Mission visits India; Interim government formed at centre

 

1947

Division of India; Indian and Pakistan separate independent dimensions

 

1948

Mahatma Gandhi assassinated (Jannuary 30); integration of princely states

 

 

 

1941

Escape of Subhash Chandra Bose from India and death of Rabindranath Tagore

1942

Arrival of Cripps Mission in India; Quit India Movement launched (August 8)

1943-1944

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose forms provisional Azad Hind Fauj and Indian National Army; Bengal Famine

1945

Trial of Indian National Army at Red Fort; Shimla Conference; World War II ends

1946

British Cabinet Mission visits India; Interim government formed at centre

1947

Division of India; Indian and Pakistan seperate independent dimensions

1948

Mahatma Gandhi assassinated (Jannuary 30); integration of princely states

 

 

 List of Recently Appointed Brand Ambassadors (Updated till 10 January 2018)
 List of All Chief Justices of India Since 1950 Till Date
K Notes: Important International Boundary Lines – PDF Download
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Most Popular

To Top