India is a country rich in cultural heritage. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) seeks to encourage the identification, protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity. Each year, April 18 is marked as World Heritage Day – a day especially dedicated to creating awareness about protecting and preserving various sites around the world that have achieved world heritage status. The General Conference of UNESCO in 1972 adopted a resolution for ‘Convention concerning the protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage’.
India being an active member State on the World Heritage forum since 1977 and has been working in close co-operation with other International agencies like ICOMOS (International Council on Monuments and Sites), IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) and ICCROM (International Centre for the study of Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property).
One of the important parts of many Bank and Government examinations is General Knowledge section. These GK sections include questions related to India’s history, geography, polity and achievements.
Importance of UNESCO World Heritage Sites:
These World Heritage Sites in India are considered to be of immense cultural and natural importance in the world. With the latest entry of , Kanchenjunga National Park and Capitol Complex of Chandigarh, India now has 35 of these! India has a total of 34 properties inscribed on the World Heritage List – out of which 27 are cultural sites, 7 natural and 1 is classified as mixed.
Kaziranga National Park
Keoladeo Ghana National Park
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
Nanda Devi National Park and Valley of Flowers
Sunderbans National Park
Great Himalayan National Park
Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi
Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Formerly Victoria Terminus)
Churches and Convents of Goa