Current Affairs

List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

India is a country rich in cultural heritage. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) seeks to encourage the identification, protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity. Each year, April 18 is marked as World Heritage Day – a day especially dedicated to creating awareness about protecting and preserving various  sites around the world that have achieved world heritage status. The General Conference of UNESCO in 1972 adopted a resolution for ‘Convention concerning the protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage’.

 

India being an active member State on the World Heritage forum since 1977 and has been working in close co-operation with other International agencies like ICOMOS (International Council on Monuments and Sites), IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) and ICCROM (International Centre for the study of Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property).

 

One of the important parts of many Bank and Government examinations is General Knowledge section. These GK sections include questions related to India’s history, geography, polity and achievements. 

 

Importance of UNESCO World Heritage Sites:

These World Heritage Sites in India are considered to be of immense cultural and natural importance in the world. With the latest entry of Nalanda Mahavihara, Kanchenjunga National Park and Capitol Complex of Chandigarh, India now has 35 of these! India has a total of 34 properties inscribed on the World Heritage List – out of which 27 are cultural sites, 7 natural and 1 is classified as mixed. 

 

List of Natural World Heritage Sites:

 

Name of Natural Heritage Site

State

Year of Notification

 

Kaziranga National Park

Assam

1985

 

Keoladeo Ghana National Park

Rajasthan

1985

 

Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

Assam

1985

 

Nanda Devi National Park and Valley of Flowers

Uttarakhand

1982
2005

 

Sunderbans National Park

West Bengal

1984

 

Western Ghats

Maharashtra,
Goa,
Karnataka,
Tamil Nadu and
Kerala

2012

 

Great Himalayan National Park

Himachal Pradesh

2014

 

 
List of Cultural World Heritage Sites:

 

Name of Cultural World Heritage Site

State

Year of Notification

 

Agra Fort

Uttar Pradesh

1983

 

Ajanta Caves

Maharashtra

1983

 

Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

Madhya Pradesh

1989

 

Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park

Gujarat

2004

 

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Formerly Victoria Terminus)

Maharashtra

2004

 

Churches and Convents of Goa

Goa

1986

 

Elephanta Caves

Maharashtra

1987

 

Ellora Caves

Maharashtra

1983

 

Fatehpur Sikri

Uttar Pradesh

1986