List of Satellites Launched by India | Download PDF

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India has been successfully launching satellites of many types since 1975. These satellites have been launched from various vehicles, including American, Russian and European rockets apart from Indian rockets. The organisation responsible for India’s space program is the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and it shoulders the bulk of the responsibility of designing, building, launching and operating these satellites.

This is a List of Satellites Launched by India (wholly or partially owned, wholly or partially designed and/or manufactured) satellites, both operated by the Indian government (ISRO, Indian defence forces, other government agencies) or private (educational and research) entities. All satellite launches marked successful have completed at least one full orbital flight (no sub-orbital flights have been included in this list).

List of Satellites Launched by India

SatellitesLaunch DateLaunch VehiclePurpose
Aryabhata19-Apr-75u-11 InterkosmosActive technological experience in building and operating a satellite system. India’s first satellite.
Bhaskara-I7-Jun-79C-1 InterkosmosFirst experimental remote sensing satellite. Carried TV and microwave cameras.
Rohini Technology Payload10-Aug-79SLV-3Intended for measuring in-flight performance of first experimental flight of SLV-3, the first Indian launch vehicle. Did not achieve orbit.
Rohini RS-118-Jul-80SLV-3Used for measuring in-flight performance of second experimental launch of SLV-3. India’s first indigenous satellite launch.
Rohini RS-D131-May-81SLV-3Used for conducting some remote sensing technology studies using a landmark sensor payload.Launched by the first developmental launch of SLV-3.
Ariane Passenger Payload Experiment19-Jun-81Ariane-1 (V-3)First experimental communication satellite. Provided experience in building and operating a payload experiment three-axis stabilised communication satellite.
Bhaskara -II20-Nov-81C-1 IntercosmosSecond experimental remote sensing satellite; similar to Bhaskara-1. Provided experience in building and operating a remote sensing satellite system on an end-to-end basis.
INSAT-1A10-Apr-82Delta 3910 PAM-DFirst operational multipurpose communication and meteorology satellite. Procured from USA. Worked for only six months.
Rohini RS-D217-Apr-83SLV-3Identical to RS-D1. Launched by the second developmental launch of SLV-3.
INSAT-1B30-Aug-83Shuttle [PAM-D]Identical to INSAT-1A. Served for more than design life of seven years.
Stretched Rohini Satellite Series(SROSS-1)24-Mar-87ASLVCarried payload for launch vehicle performance monitoring and for gamma ray astronomy. Did not achieve orbit.
IRS-1A17-Mar-88VostokEarth observation satellite. First operational remote sensing satellite.
Stretched Rohini Satellite Series(SROSS-2)13-Jul-88ASLVCarried remote sensing payload of German space agency in addition to Gamma Ray astronomy payload. Did not achieve orbit.
INSAT-1C21-Jul-88Ariane-3Same as INSAT-1A. Served for only one-and-a-half years.
INSAT-1D12-Jun-90Delta 4925Identical to INSAT-1A. Still in service. A third stage motor landed from its launch, landed in Australia in 2008.
IRS-1B29-Aug-91VostokEarth observation satellite. Improved version of IRS-1A.
INSAT-2DT26-Feb-92Ariane-44L H10Launched as Arabsat 1C. Procured in orbit from Arabsat in January 1998.
Stretched Rohini Satellite Series(SROSS-C)20-May-92ASLVCarried gamma ray astronomy and aeronomy payload.
INSAT-2A10-Jul-92Ariane-44L H10First satellite in the second-generation Indian-built INSAT-2 series. Has enhanced capability over INSAT-1 series. Still in service.
INSAT-2B23-Jul-93Ariane-44L H10+Second satellite in INSAT-2 series. Identical to INSAT-2A. Still in service.
IRS-1E20-Sep-93PSLV-D1Earth observation satellite. Did not achieve orbit.
Stretched Rohini Satellite Series(SROSS-C2)4-May-94ASLVIdentical to SROSS-C. Still in service.
IRS-P215-Oct-94PSLV-D2Earth observation satellite. Launched by second developmental flight of PSLV.Mission accomplished after 3 years of service in 1997.
INSAT-2C7-Dec-95Ariane-44L H10-3Has additional capabilities such as mobile satellite service, business communication and television outreach beyond Indian boundaries. Still in service.
IRS-1C29-Dec-95MolniyaEarth observation satellite. Launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome.
IRS-P321-Mar-96PSLV-D3Earth observation satellite. Carries remote sensing payload and an X-ray astronomy payload. Launched by third developmental flight of PSLV.
INSAT-2D4-Jun-97Ariane-44L H10-3Same as INSAT-2C. Inoperable since 1997-10-04 due to power bus anomaly.
IRS-1D29-Sep-97PSLV-C1Earth observation satellite. Same as IRS-1C.
INSAT-2E3-Apr-99Ariane-42P H10-3Multipurpose communication and meteorological satellite.
Oceansat-1(IRS-P4)26-May-99PSLV-C2Earth observation satellite. Carries an Ocean Colour Monitor (OCM) and a Multifrequency Scanning Microwave Radiometer (MSMR).
INSAT-3B22-Mar-00Ariane-5GMultipurpose communication: business communication, developmental communication, and mobile communication.
GSAT-118-Apr-01GSLV-D1Experimental satellite for the first developmental flight of Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle, GSLV-D1.
Technology Experiment Satellite (TES)22-Oct-01PSLV-C3Experimental satellite to test technologies such as attitude and orbit control system, high-torque reaction wheels, new reaction control system, etc.
INSAT-3C24-Jan-02Ariane-42L H10-3Designed to augment the existing INSAT capacity for communication and broadcasting and provide continuity of the services of INSAT-2C.
Kalpana-1(METSAT)12-Sep-02PSLV-C4First meteorological satellite built by ISRO. Originally named METSAT. Renamed after Kalpana Chawla who perished in the Space Shuttle Columbia.
INSAT-3A10-Apr-03Ariane-5GMultipurpose satellite for communication, broadcasting, and meteorological services along with INSAT-2E and Kalpana-1.
GSAT-28-May-03GSLV-D2Experimental satellite for the second developmental test flight of Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV)
INSAT-3E28-Sep-03Ariane-5GCommunication satellite to augment the existing INSAT System.
RESOURCESAT-1 (IRS-P6)17-Oct-03PSLV-C5Earth observation/remote sensing satellite. Intended to supplement and replace IRS-1C and IRS-1D.
EDUSAT20-Oct-04GSLV-F01Also designated GSAT-3. India’s first exclusive educational satellite.
HAMSAT5-May-05PSLV-C6Microsatellite (42.5 kilograms) for providing satellite-based amateur radio services to the national as well as the international community.
CARTOSAT-15-May-05PSLV-C6Earth observation satellite. Provides stereographic in-orbit images with a 2.5-meter resolution.
INSAT-4A22-Dec-05Ariane-5GSAdvanced satellite for direct-to-home television broadcasting services.
INSAT-4C10-Jul-06GSLV-F02Geosynchronous communications satellite. Did not achieve orbit.
CARTOSAT-210-Jan-07PSLV-C7Advanced remote sensing satellite carrying a panchromatic camera capable of providing scene-specific spot images.
Space Capsule Recovery Experiment(SRE-1)10-Jan-07PSLV-C7Experimental satellite intended to demonstrate the technology of an orbiting platform for performing experiments in microgravity conditions. Launched as a co-passenger with CARTOSAT-2. SRE-1 was de-orbited and recovered successfully after 12 days over Bay of Bengal.
INSAT-4B12-Mar-07Ariane-5ECAIdentical to INSAT-4A. Further augments the INSAT capacity for direct-to-home (DTH) television services and other communications. On the night of 7 July INSAT-4B experienced a power supply glitch which led to switching ‘off’ of 50 per cent of the transponder capacity (6 Ku and 6 C-Band transponders).
INSAT-4CR2-Sep-07GSLV-F04Identical to INSAT-4C. It carried 12 high-power Ku-band transponders designed to provide direct-to-home (DTH) television services, Digital Satellite News Gatheringetc.
CARTOSAT-2A28-Apr-08PSLV-C9Earth observation/remote sensing satellite. Identical to CARTOSAT-2.
IMS-1 (Third World Satellite – TWsat)28-Apr-08PSLV-C9Low-cost microsatellite imaging mission. Launched as co-passenger with CARTOSAT-2A.
Chandrayaan-122-Oct-08PSLV-C11Unmanned lunar probe. Carries 11 scientific instruments built in India, USA, UK, Germany, Sweden and Bulgaria.
RISAT-220-Apr-09PSLV-C12Radar imaging satellite used to monitor India’s borders and as part of anti-infiltration and anti-terrorist operations. Launched as a co-passenger with ANUSAT.
ANUSAT20-Apr-09PSLV-C12Research microsatellite designed at Anna University. Carries an amateur radio and technology demonstration experiments.
Oceansat-2(IRS-P4)23-Sep-09PSLV-C14Gathers data for oceanographic, coastal and atmospheric applications. Continues mission of Oceansat-1.
GSAT-415-Apr-10GSLV-D3Communications satellite technology demonstrator. Failed to reach orbit due to GSLV-D3 failure.
CARTOSAT-2B12-Jul-10PSLV-C15Earth observation/remote sensing satellite. Identical to CARTOSAT-2A.
StudSat12-Jul-10PSLV-C15First Indian pico-satellite (weighing less than 1 kg). Developed by a team from seven engineering colleges from Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
GSAT-5P /INSAT-4D25-Dec-10GSLV-F06C-band communication satellite, failed to reach orbit due to GSLV-F06 failure.
RESOURCESAT-220-Apr-11PSLV-C16RESOURCESAT-2, ISRO’s eighteenth remote-sensing satellite, followed RESOURCESAT-1. PSLV-C16 placed three spacecraft with a total payload mass of 1404 kg – RESOURCESAT-2 weighing 1206 kg, the Indo-Russian YOUTHSAT weighing 92 kg and Singapore’s X-SAT weighing 106 kg – into an 822 km polar Sun Synchronous Orbit (SSO).
Youthsat20-Apr-11PSLV-C16Indo-Russian stellar and atmospheric satellite with the participation of university students. It weighed 92 kg
GSAT-8 / INSAT-4G21-May-11Ariane-5VA-202Communications satellite carries 24 Ku-band transponders and 2 channel GAGANpayload operating in L1 and L5 band.
GSAT-1215-Jul-11PSLV-C17GSAT-12 communication satellite built by ISRO, weighs about 1410 kg at lift-off. GSAT-12 is configured to carry 12 Extended C-band transponders to meet the country’s growing demand for transponders in a short turn-around-time.The 12 Extended C-band transponders of GSAT-12 will augment the capacity in the INSAT system for various communication services like Tele-education, Telemedicine and for Village Resource Centres (VRC).Mission life About 8 Years.
Megha-Tropiques12-Oct-11PSLV-C18Megha-Tropiques weighs about 1000 kg Lift-off Mass, developed jointly by ISRO and the French Centre National d’Études Spatiales (CNES). PSLV-C18 is configured to carry four satellites in which, one satellite, developed by India and France, will track the weather, two were developed by educational institutions, and the fourth is from Luxembourg.
Jugnu12-Oct-11PSLV-C18Nano-satellite weighing 3 kg developed by IIT Kanpur
RISAT-126-Apr-12PSLV-C19RISAT-1, first indigenous all-weather Radar Imaging Satellite (RISAT-1), whose images will facilitate agriculture and disaster management weighs about 1858 kg.
SRMSAT26-Apr-12PSLV-C18Nano-satellite weighing 10.9 kg developed by SRM University.
GSAT-1029-Sep-12Ariane-5VA-209GSAT-10, India’s advanced communication satellite, is a high power satellite being inducted into the INSAT system. Weighing 3400 kg at lift-off.
SARAL25-Feb-13PSLV-C20SARAL, The Satellite with ARGOS and ALTIKA (SARAL) is a joint Indo-French satellite mission for oceanographic studies.
IRNSS-1A1-Jul-13PSLV-C22IRNSS-1A is launched on 24 Sep 2014 satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS). It is one of the seven spacecraft constituting the IRNSS space segment.
INSAT-3D26-Jul-13Ariane-5INSAT-3D is the meteorological Satellite with advanced weather monitoring payloads.
GSAT-730-Aug-13Ariane-5GSAT-7 is the advanced multi-band communication satellite dedicated for military use.
Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM)5-Nov-13PSLV-C25The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), informally called Mangalyaan is India’s first Mars orbiter.
GSAT-145-Jan-14GSLV-D5GSAT-14 is the twenty third geostationary communication satellite of India to augment the In-orbit capacity of Extended C and Ku-band transponders.
IRNSS-1B4-Apr-14PSLV-C24IRNSS-1B is the second satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System(IRNSS).
IRNSS-1C16-Oct-14PSLV-C26IRNSS-1C is the third satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System(IRNSS).
GSAT-167-Dec-14Ariane-5GSAT-16 is twenty fourth communication satellite of India configured to carry a total of 48 communication transponders.
IRNSS-1D28-Mar-15PSLV-C27IRNSS-1D is the fourth satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System(IRNSS).
GSAT-627-Aug-15GSLV-D6GSAT-6 is a communication satellite. GSAT- 6 features an unfurlable antenna, largest on board any satellite. Launch of GSLV-D6 also marks the success of indigenously developed upper stage cryogenic engine
Astrosat28-Sep-15PSLV-C30ASTROSAT is India’s first dedicated multi wavelength space Observatory.
GSAT-1511-Nov-15Ariane 5 VA-227Communications satellite, carries communication transponders in Ku-band and a GPS Aided GEO Augmented Navigation (GAGAN) payload operating in L1 and L5 bands. Weight 3164 Kg.
IRNSS-1E20-Jan-16PSLV-C31IRNSS-1E is the fifth satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System(IRNSS).
IRNSS-1F10-Mar-16PSLV-C32IRNSS-1F is the sixth satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System(IRNSS).
IRNSS-1G28-Apr-16PSLV-C33IRNSS-1G is the seventh and final satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS).
Cartosat-2C22-Jun-16PSLV-C34Earth observation/remote sensing satellite. Identical to CARTOSAT-2,2A and 2B.
CartoSat-2E8 September 2016,INSAT-3DRAn advanced meteorological satellite of India configured with an imaging System and an Atmospheric Sounder
Pratham26 September 2016,PSLV-C35A micro-satellite designed and built by the students of PES Institute of Technology, Bengaluru at their Crucible of Research and Innovation Laboratory (CRIL) to develop remote sensing applications.
GSAT-186 October 2016,Ariane-5 ECAAt 3.4 tons, this was the heaviest satellite owned/being operated by India at the time of its launch
ResourceSat-2A7 December 2016,PSLV-C36Its mission is identical to its predecessors (Resourcesat-1 and Resourcesat-2)
CartoSat-2D15 February 2017,PSLV-C37This is one of 2 nano-satellites designed and manufactured by ISRO, are part of the constellation of 104 satellites launched in a single go.
South Asia Satellite (GSAT-9)5 May 2017,GSLV Mk.II[3This satellite is being offered by India as a diplomatic initiative to its neighboring countries (SAARC region) for communication, remote sensing, resource mapping and disaster management applications
GSAT-195 June 2017GSLV Mk.III-D1Maiden orbital flight of GSLV Mk.III. This is the heaviest rocket (and the heaviest satellite) to be launched by ISRO from Indian soil.
NIUSat[23 June 2017,PSLV-C38This is the 7th satellite in the Cartosat series to be built by ISRO.
GSAT-1729 June 2017,Ariane-5 ECAThis is India’s 18th communication (and to date, its heaviest) satellite.
IRNSS-1H2 September 2017PSLV-C39First satellite to be co-designed and built with private sector assistance. Failed to reach orbit
CartoSat-2F10 January 2018,PSLV-C40INS-1C, the third satellite in the Indian Nanosatellite series, will be carrying a Miniature Multispectral Technology Demonstration (MMX-TD) Payload from Space Applications Centre (SAC). Data sent by this camera can be utilised for topographical mapping, vegetation monitoring, aerosol scattering studies and cloud studies.
GSAT-6A29 March 2018GSLV-F08Similar to GSAT-6 it is a high power S-band communication satellite configured around I-2K bus. The satellite will also provide a platform for developing technologies such as demonstration of 6 m S-Band Unfurlable Antenna, handheld ground terminals and network management techniques that could be useful in satellite based mobile communication applications.
IRNSS-1I12 Apr 2018GSLV-F08, PSLV-C41Navigation/Global Positioning
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