List of National Bird of All Countries in the World | Download PDF

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Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton. Birds live worldwide and range in size from the 5 cm (2 in) bee hummingbird to the 2.75 m (9 ft) ostrich. They rank as the world’s most numerically-successful class of tetrapods, with approximately ten thousand living species, more than half of these being passerines, sometimes known as perching birds. Birds have wings which are more or less developed depending on the species; the only known groups without wings are the extinct moa and elephant birds. Wings, which evolved from forelimbs, gave birds the ability to fly, although further evolution has led to the loss of flight in flightless birds, including ratites, penguins, and diverse endemic island species of birds. The digestive and respiratory systems of birds are also uniquely adapted for flight. Some bird species of aquatic environments, particularly seabirds and some waterbirds, have further evolved for swimming.

Reverse genetic engineering and the fossil record both demonstrate that birds are modern feathered dinosaurs, having evolved from earlier feathered dinosaurs within the theropod group, which are traditionally placed within the saurischian dinosaurs. The closest living relatives of birds are the crocodilians. Primitive bird-like dinosaurs that lie outside class Aves proper, in the broader group Avialae, have been found dating back to the mid-Jurassic period, around 170 million years ago. Many of these early “stem-birds”, such as Archaeopteryx, were not yet capable of fully powered flight, and many retained primitive characteristics like toothy jaws in place of beaks, and long bony tails. DNA-based evidence finds that birds diversified dramatically around the time of the Cretaceous–Palaeogene extinction event 66 million years ago, which killed off the pterosaurs and all the non-avian dinosaur lineages. But birds, especially those in the southern continents, survived this event and then migrated to other parts of the world while diversifying during periods of global cooling. This makes them the sole surviving dinosaurs according to cladistics.

Some birds, especially corvids and parrots, are among the most intelligent animals; several bird species make and use tools, and many social species pass on knowledge across generations, which is considered a form of culture. Many species annually migrate great distances. Birds are social, communicating with visual signals, calls, and bird songs, and participating in such social behaviours as cooperative breeding and hunting, flocking, and mobbing of predators. The vast majority of bird species are socially monogamous (referring to social living arrangement, distinct from genetic monogamy), usually for one breeding season at a time, sometimes for years, but rarely for life. Other species have breeding systems that are polygynous (arrangement of one male with many females) or, rarely, polyandrous (arrangement of one female with many males). Birds produce offspring by laying eggs which are fertilised through sexual reproduction. They are usually laid in a nest and incubated by the parents. Most birds have an extended period of parental care after hatching. Some birds, such as hens, lay eggs even when not fertilised, though unfertilised eggs do not produce offspring.

Many species of birds are economically important as food for human consumption and raw material in manufacturing, with domesticated and undomesticated birds (poultry and game) being important sources of eggs, meat, and feathers. Songbirds, parrots, and other species are popular as pets. Guano (bird excrement) is harvested for use as a fertiliser. Birds prominently figure throughout human culture. About 120–130 species have become extinct due to human activity since the 17th century, and hundreds more before then. Human activity threatens about 1,200 bird species with extinction, though efforts are underway to protect them. Recreational birdwatching is an important part of the ecotourism industry.

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List of National Bird of All Countries in the World

CountryName of birdScientific nameOfficial statusPicture
 AngolaRed-crested turacoTauraco erythrolophusYesRedcrestedTuraco.jpg
 AnguillaZenaida doveZenaida auritaYesZenida aurita1 1 barbados.jpg
 Antigua and BarbudaMagnificent frigatebirdFregata magnificensYesMale Frigate bird.jpg
 ArgentinaRufous horneroFurnarius rufusYesFlickr - Dario Sanches - JOÃO-DE-BARRO (Furnarius rufus) (5).jpg
 Aruba“Shoco” (Burrowing Owl). Proposed as national bird, but recognized as Aruba’s “national symbol” in 2012Athene cunicularia arubensisYesBurrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia) (2261438123).jpg
“Prikichi” (Brown-throated Parakeet). Officially recognized as the national bird in 2017Aupsittula pertinax arubensisYes
 AustraliaEmuDromaius novaehollandiaeNoEmoe.jpg
 AustriaBarn swallowHirundo rusticaYesHirundo rustica0.jpg
 BahamasAmerican flamingoPhoenicopterus ruberYesCaribbean flamingo.jpg
 BahrainHimalayan bulbulPycnonotus leucogenysYesHimalayan Bulbul I IMG 6480.jpg
 BangladeshOriental magpie-robin (Doyel Pakhi)Copsychus saularisYesOriental Magpie Robin (Copsychus saularis)- Male at Kolkata I IMG 3003.jpg
 BelarusWhite storkCiconia ciconiaNoWhiteStorkGaulsh02.jpg
 BelgiumCommon kestrelFalco tinnunculusYesCommon Kestrel 1.jpg
 BelizeKeel-billed toucanRamphastos sulfuratusYesRamphastos sulfuratus -Belize Zoo-6a-2c.jpg
 BermudaBermuda petrelPterodroma cahowNoBermuda Petrel From The Crossley ID Guide Eastern Birds, crop.jpg
 BhutanCommon ravenCorvus coraxYesCorvus corax (NPS).jpg
 BoliviaAndean condorVultur gryphusYesColca-condor-c03.jpg
 BotswanaKori bustardArdeotis koriYesArdeotis kori Etosha.JPG
 BrazilRufous-bellied thrushTurdus rufiventrisYesSabiá laranjeira, crop.JPG
 British Virgin IslandsMourning doveZenaida macrouraYesMourning Dove 2006.jpg
 CambodiaGiant ibisThaumatibis giganteaYesThaumantibisGiganteaGronvold.jpg
 Cayman IslandsGrand Cayman parrotAmazona leucocephala caymanensisYesAmazona leucocephala -in tree-4cp.jpg
 ChileAndean condorVultur gryphusYesCondor flying over the Colca canyon in Peru.jpg
 ChinaRed-crowned crane. Proposed as national bird by State Forestry Administration in 2007 (awaiting State Council approval).Grus japonensisNoCrane japan2.JPG
 ColombiaAndean condorVultur gryphusYesColca-condor-c03.jpg
 Costa RicaClay-colored thrushTurdus grayiYesTurdus-grayi-001.jpg
 CroatiaCommon nightingaleLuscinia megarhynchosNoNachtigall (Luscinia megarhynchos)-2.jpg
 CubaCuban trogonPriotelus temnurusYesCubaanse Trogon.jpg
 DenmarkMute swanCygnus olorYesSwan.spreads.wings.arp.jpg
 DominicaImperial amazonAmazona imperialisYesAmazona imperialis -Roseau -Dominica -aviary-6a-3c.jpg
 Dominican RepublicPalmchatDulus dominicusYesDulus dominicus.JPG
 EcuadorAndean condorVultur gryphusYesColca-condor-c03.jpg
 El SalvadorTurquoise-browed motmotEumomota superciliosaYesGuardabarranco.JPG
 EstoniaBarn swallowHirundo rusticaYesLandsvale.jpg
 Faroe IslandsEurasian oystercatcherHaematopus ostralegusYesAusternfischer01.jpg
 FinlandWhooper swanCygnus cygnusYesSingschwan.jpg
 FranceGallic roosterGallus gallusNoRooster03.jpg
 GermanyGolden eagleAquila chrysaetosNoAquila chrysaetos Flickr.jpg
 GibraltarBarbary partridgeAlectoris barbaraYesAlectoris barbara Tenerife.jpg
 GreeceLittle owlAthene noctuaNoMochuelo Común ( Athene noctua )(1).jpg
 GrenadaGrenada doveLeptotila wellsiYesGrenadadove1.jpg
 GuatemalaResplendent quetzalPharomachrus mocinnoYesQuetzal01.jpg
 GuyanaHoatzinOpisthocomus hoazinYesOpisthocomus hoazin.jpg
 HaitiHispaniolan trogonPriotelus roseigasterYesHispaniolan Trogon (Priotelus roseigaster) (8082799519).jpg
 HondurasScarlet macawAra macaoYesAra macao -Yucatan, Mexico-8a.jpg
 HungarySaker falconFalco cherrugYesFalco cherrug (Marek Szczepanek).jpg
 IcelandGyrfalconFalco rusticolusYesFalco rusticolus white cropped.jpg
 IndiaIndian peacockPavo cristatusYesPfau imponierend.jpg
 IndonesiaJavan hawk-eagleNisaetus bartelsiYesJavan Hawk Eagle (Spizaetus bartelsi) (464508083).jpg
 IranCommon nightingaleLuscinia megarhynchosYesNachtigall (Luscinia megarhynchos)-2.jpg
 IraqChukar partridgeAlectoris chukarYesAlectoris-chukar-001.jpg
 IrelandNorthern lapwingVanellus vanellusNoNorthern-Lapwing-Vanellus-vanellus.jpg
 IsraelHoopoeUpupa epopsYesUpupa epops (Ramat Gan)002.jpg
 ItalyItalian sparrowPasser italiaeYesItalian Sparrow male and female.jpg
 JamaicaDoctor birdTrochilus polytmusYesTrochilus polytmus.jpg
 JapanGreen pheasantPhasianus versicolorYesPhasianus versicolor in field.JPG
 JordanSinai rosefinchCarpodacus synoicusYesCarpodacus synoicus male(01).jpg
 KenyaLilac-breasted rollerCoracias caudatusNoLilac Roller.jpg
 LatviaWhite wagtailMotacilla albaYesWhite-Wagtail.jpg
 LiberiaGarden bulbulPycnonotus barbatusYesPycnonotus tricolor Bwindi NP, Uganda.jpg
 LithuaniaWhite storkCiconia ciconiaYesCiconia ciconia 1.jpg
 LuxembourgGoldcrestRegulus regulusYesRegulus regulus0.jpg
 MaltaBlue rock thrushMonticola solitariusYesMonticola solitarius philippensis.JPG
 MexicoGolden eagleAquila chrysaetosYesGoldenEagle-Nova.jpg
 MongoliaSaker falconFalco cherrugYesFalco cherrug (Marek Szczepanek).jpg
 MontserratMontserrat orioleIcterus oberiYesIcterus oberi.jpg
 MyanmarGrey peacock-pheasantPolyplectron bicalcaratumNoPolyplectron bicalcaratum -Birmingham Nature Centre, England-8a.jpg
 NamibiaAfrican fish eagleHaliaeetus vociferYesAfrican fish eagle just caught fish.jpg
   NepalHimalayan monalLophophorus impejanusYesMonal I IMG 4002.jpg
 NetherlandsBlack-tailed godwitLimosa limosaNoLimosa limosa (Uitkerke).jpg
 New ZealandKiwiApteryx mantelliNoTeTuatahianui.jpg
 NicaraguaTurquoise-browed motmotEumomota superciliosaYesMotmot1.jpg
 NigeriaBlack crowned craneBalearica pavoninaYesBlack crowned crane.jpg
 North KoreaNorthern goshawkAccipiter gentilisYesAccipiter gentilis -owned by a falconer in Scotland -upper body-8a.jpg
 NorwayWhite-throated dipperCinclus cinclusYesCinclus cinclus R(ThKraft).jpg
 PakistanChukar partridgeAlectoris chukarYesChukarhuhn Weltvogelpark Walsrode 2010.jpg
Shaheen falcon (Heritage bird)Falco peregrinus peregrinatorUnofficialFalcoAtricepsKeulemans.jpg
 PalestinePalestine sunbirdCinnyris oseusNoNectarinia osea2.jpg
 PanamaHarpy eagleHarpia harpyjaYesDirkvdM big bird.jpg
 Papua New GuineaRaggiana bird-of-paradiseParadisaea raggianaYesRaggiana Bird-of-Paradise wild 5.jpg
 ParaguayBare-throated bellbirdProcnias nudicollisYesProcnias nudicollis.jpg
 PeruAndean cock-of-the-rockRupicola peruvianusYesRupicola peruviana (male) -San Diego Zoo-8a.jpg
 PhilippinesPhilippine eaglePithecophaga jefferyiYesSir Arny(Philippine Eagle).jpg
 PolandWhite-tailed eagle (national bird)Haliaeetus albicillaYesWhite-tailed Eagle Head detail.jpg
White stork (national bird)Ciconia ciconiaNoCiconia ciconia - 01.jpg
 Puerto RicoPuerto Rican spindalisSpindalis portoricensisYesSpindalis portoricensis by Mike's Birds.jpg
 Saint HelenaSaint Helena ploverCharadrius sanctaehelenaeYesCharadrius sanctaehelenae (1).jpg
 Saint Kitts and NevisBrown pelicanPelecanus occidentalisYesPelecanus Occidentalis KW 1.JPG
 Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSt Vincent parrotAmazona guildingiiYesAmazona guildingii -Botanical Gardens -Kingstown -Saint Vincent-8a-4c.jpg
 ScotlandGolden eagleAquila chrysaetosNoGoldenEagle-Nova.jpg
 SerbiaEagleYesAquila chrysaetos Flickr.jpg
Griffon vultureGyps fulvusYesGyps fulvus 01 by Line1.jpg
 SingaporeCrimson sunbirdAethopyga siparajaNoCrimson sunbird.jpg
 South AfricaBlue craneAnthropoides paradiseaYesParadieskranich Anthropoides paradisea Tiergarten-Nuernberg-1.jpg
 Sri LankaSri Lanka junglefowlGallus lafayetiiYesThimindu 2009 09 04 Yala Sri Lanka Junglefowl 1.JPG
 SwazilandPurple-crested turacoTauraco porphyreolophusYesPurple-crested Turaco (Gallirex porphyreolophus) (32424422866).jpg
 SwedenCommon blackbirdTurdus merulaYesTurdus merula -garden wall-8.jpg
 ThailandSiamese firebackLophura diardiYesLophura diardi -Florida, USA -captive-8a.jpg
 Trinidad and TobagoScarlet ibisEudocimus ruberYesEudocimus ruber (portrait).jpg
CocricoOrtalis ruficaudaYesRufous-vented Chachalaca (Ortalis ruficauda) (4090120788).jpg
 UgandaEast African crowned craneBalearica regulorum gibbericepsYesCrested Crane, Bunyonyi, Uganda.jpg
 UkraineWhite storkCiconia ciconiaNoRinged white stork.jpg
 United Arab EmiratesFalconFalcoYesFalco peregrinus -Nova Scotia, Canada -eating-8.jpg
 United KingdomEuropean robinErithacus rubeculaNoErithacus rubecula with cocked head.jpg
 United StatesBald eagleHaliaeetus leucocephalusYesBald eagle closeup 16x9.jpg
 UruguaySouthern lapwingVanellus chilensisNoVanellus-chilensis-001.jpg
 VenezuelaVenezuelan troupialIcterus icterusYesCommon Troupial - Nashville Zoo.jpg
 WalesRed KiteMilvus milvusNoRed Kite, Spain.jpg
 ZambiaAfrican fish eagleHaliaeetus vociferYesAfrican fish eagle just caught fish.jpg
 ZimbabweAfrican fish eagleHaliaeetus vociferYesHvidhovedet afrikansk ørn2.png
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