Missiles of India

Scholarship Examination in India

General Knowledge for competitive exams includes information on many different subjects, one such subject is Defense. The Important Missiles of India is an important topic for the General Awareness Section and needs to be prepared nicely for various Government Recruitment Exams like Banking, Insurance, SSC & much more! Hence, it is very necessary for a candidate to know about the Important Missiles of India who is preparing for these competitive exams.

As you might know that India’s rank when it comes to strength of military forces is 5th in the world.  Therefore, we are providing you with a list of Important Missiles of India.

Types of Missiles in India:

  1. Ballisitc Missiles
  2. Cruise Missiles

 Missiles of India – Ballisitc Missiles

A ballistic missile is a missile (rocket) that follows a ballistic trajectory with the objective of delivering one or more warheads to a predetermined target. These missiles are guided for the brief duration just in starting phase of trajectory and the rest of the path is like a free falling projectile under gravity.

Examples: All the variants of Prithvi are SRBMs while Agni-I to Agni-IV are IRBM while Agni V and Agni VI are ICBMs

Ballistic missiles, based on launch mode can be classified as:

Surface-to-Surface Missile, Surface-to-Air Missile, Surface to-Sea Missile, Air-to-Air Missile, Air-to-Surface Missile, Sea-to-Sea Missile, Sea-to-Surface Missile, Anti-Tank Missile.

 Ballistic missiles, based on maximum range can be classified as:

Short Range Missile (SRBM)

Medium Range Missile (MRBM)

Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile (IRBM)

Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM)

 Missiles of India – Cruise Missiles

A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remain in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed. These missiles are self-navigating and fly at extremely low altitudes to avoid being caught by radars. Cruise missiles are designed to deliver a large warhead over long distances with high accuracy.

Examples: Brahmos and Nirbhay 

Depending upon the speed such missiles are classified as:
1) Subsonic cruise missile [Flies at a speed lesser than that of sound.(0.8 Mach)]
2) Supersonic cruise missile [Exceeds the speed of sound (Mach 2-3)]
3) Hypersonic cruise missile[Travels at a speed of more than 5 Mach.]

Popular Missiles of India

Missile Name

Orgin

Type

Range

Speed

Air-to-air Missiles of India

Astra

India

active radar homing beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile (BVRAAM)Air-to-Air Missiles

60 – 80 km

Mach 4 +

K-100

Russia & India

Medium Range air-to-air missile

300–400 km

Mach 3.3

MICA

IAF

Air-to-Air Missiles

 Surface-To-Air Missiles of India

Akash

India

Medium-range surface-to-air missile

30-35km

Mach 2.5 to 3.5

Barak 8

Israel / India

Long Range surface to air Missile

100 km

Mach 2

Trishul

India

Short Range surface to air missile

9km

Pradyumna Ballistic Missile Interceptor or

Prithvi Air Defence (PAD)

 

Ballistic Missile interceptor , surface to air missile

300 to 2,000 km

 Defence Missiles of India

Prithvi Air Defence (PAD)

India

Exo-atmospheric Anti-ballistic missile

Altitude- 80km

Mach 5+

Advanced Air Defence (AAD)

India

Endo atmospheric Anti-ballistic missile

Altitude- 30km

Mach 4.5

Prithvi Defence Vehicle (PDV)

India

Exo-atmospheric Anti-ballistic missile

Altitude- 120km

 Cruise Missiles of India

Nirbhay

India

Subsonic cruise missile(Ship, submarine, aircraft and land)

1,000 -1500 km

Mach 0.8

BrahMos

Russia & India

Fastest Cruise Missile in the world Supersonic cruise missile(Ship, submarine, aircraft and land)

290 km

Mach 2.8 to 3 Mach

BrahMos II

 India

Hypersonic cruise missile(Ship, submarine, aircraft and land)

300km

Mach 7

BrahMos-A

 

Air launched Cruise Missile.

 

 

 

 

Brahmos-M

 

Smaller variant of the air-launched BrahMos

290 km

 

BrahMos-NG

 

Mini version based on the existing BrahMos

290-km

 

 Surface-to-surface Missiles of India

Agni-I

India

Medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM)

700-1250 km

Mach 7.5

Agni-II

India

Intermediate-range ballistic missile(IRBM)

2,000–3,000 km

Mach 12

Agni-III

India

Intermediate-range ballistic missile(IRBM)

3,500 km – 5,000 km

5–6 km/s

Agni-IV

India

Intermediate-range ballistic missile(IRBM)

3,000 – 4,000 km

Mach 7

Agni-V

India

Intercontinental ballistic missile(ICBM)

5000 – 8000Km

Mach 24

Agni-VI

four-stage intercontinental ballistic missile

 8,000 km to 12,000 km

Prithvi I

India

Short Range Ballistic Missile(Tactical)

150 km

Prithvi II

India

Short Range Ballistic Missile(Tactical)

350 km

Prithvi III

Short Range Ballistic Missile(Tactical)

350 km to 600 km

Dhanush

India

Short Range Ballistic Missile(Tactical)

350 – 600 km

Prahaar(Pragati)

India

Short Range Ballistic Missile(Tactical)

150 km

Mach 2.03

Shaurya

India

Hypersonic surface-to-surface tactical missile Medium-Range Ballistic Missile (MRBM)

750 to 1,900 km

Mach 7.5

 Submarine Launched Ballistic Missiles of India  

Sagarika (K-15)

India

Ballistic Missile

700 – 1900Km

Mach 7+

K-4

India

Ballistic Missile

3,500–5,000 km

Mach 7+

K-5

India

Ballistic Missile

6,000 km

Ashwin

India

Ballistic Missile

150-200km

Mach 4.5

 Anti-Tank Missiles of India

Nag

India

Anti-Tank Guided Missile

4km

230 m/s

Helina(HELIcopter launched NAg)

India

Anti-Tank Guided Missile

7-8km

Amogha-1

India

Anti-Tank Guided Missile

 2.8 km

Ashwin Ballistic Missile Interceptor or Advanced Air Defence (AAD)

 

Ballistic Missile interceptor / anti aircraft missile

150 km+

 List of Important Missiles in India – Interesting Facts

In addition to the above here are some facts related to Indian Missiles that you must know. Run through the points mentioned below to acknowledge the power of Indian Army.

  • Former President Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam is also known as the “Missile Man of India”
  • India is the first nuclear weapons country to have a no first use policy.
  • Prithvi was the first missile to be built by India.
  • BrahMos, the world’s fastest cruise missile is developed jointly by India & Russia and named after after two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia.
  • Agni-V is India’s longest-range missile to carry a nuclear warhead.
  • “K” missiles are faster, lighter and stealthier and named after Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam.

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