As you know that questions from Folk dances of different states are usually asked in almost every competitive exam like SSC, Railways etc. So keeping the importance of the topic in mind, below is the list of all important Famous Dance Forms of India which will be helpful to cover 1-2 marks in Competitive Exams.
There are almost 24 types of Dance in India. India has a vast cultural heritage Every state has its own dance another thing such as bhangra dance is associated to Punjab state, Karma dance associated to Madhya Pradesh etc. are the most Famous Traditional Folk Dances of different Indian States. There is some gk quiz for Indian Dance which is very important for veracious Entrance Exams.
We can broadly classify the dances of India into three categories, viz. classical dances of India, folk dances of India and tribal dances of India. All these dance forms have their own style and cultural values associated with them. Here we present you Classical and Folk Dances of India that is practiced from different parts of India.
Download List of Different Dance Forms of India PDF
List of Folk Dance Form in India – State Wise
Jammu and Kashmir
Classical Dance Forms of India :
Indian classical dance, or Shastriya Nritya, is an umbrella term for various performance arts rooted in religious Hindu musical theatre styles, whose theory and practice can be traced to the Sanskrit text Natya Shastra.
Bihar, Orissa, W. Bengal and Jharkhand
Some Interesting Facts of Dance Forms of India:
- International Dance Day was introduced in 1982 by the International Dance Council (CID, Conseil International de la Danse), a UNESCO partner NGO, and is celebrated yearly, on April 29.
- Bharatanatyam is unique to the Dravidian culture of South India. Devdasis or temple dancers who were dedicated in service to the presiding deities used to perform Bharatanatyam in temples.
- Mridangam, Veena, Flute, Violin, and Talam are some of the instruments used in Bharatanatyam performance.
- Kathak is intermingled with the culture of North India. This classical dance form is associated with the recital art of storytelling. Kathak has been patronized in Banaras, Lucknow, and Jaipur.
- The story of Radha and Krishna is the predominant theme of Kathak. Such instruments as Tabla, Pakhawaj, Harmonium, Sarangi, and Talam are used in Kathak performances.
- Heavy makeup and colorful costume are the most amazing facets of Kathakali. As it is a group performance, each dancer wears a different makeup as per the role or character.
- The dancer playing a noble hero or god wears green makeup on the face, while the dance playing a demon smears his face in green with red marks on the cheeks. Chenda, Cymbals, and Maddalam are the instruments used in Kathakali shows.
- Kuchipudi has evolved from the Bhagavatmela tradition and differed from other Indian classical dance forms through the use of speech. This classical dance of India owes its origin to the Telugu Brahmins in Kuchelapuram Village, who were known for their expertise in staging the mythological legends through dance, drama and music.
- The Kuchipudi dance moves are faster than those of any other classical dance. It is performed to both the Carnatic music and the Hindustani Music.
- The Sattriya dance form can be placed under 2 categories; Paurashik Bhangi, which is the masculine style and ‘Stri Bhangi’, which is the feminine style. Pat Silk saree is the most popular kind of saree used in this dance, which represents the locality through its various colourful motifs and designs.
- There are various musical instruments used in this Sattriya dance, some of which include Khol (drum), Bahi (flute), Violin, Tanpura, Harmonium and Shankha (Conch Shell).
- Odissi is the cultural pride of the state Orissa or Odisha. Nritya and Abhinaya are two most interesting highlights of Odissi. In Nritya, the dancers make delicate body movements to create ornamental moves. Get the list Of Different Types Of Dances In India PDF.
- In Abhinaya, the dancers make myriad facial expressions to interpret a religious story or mythical legend. Odissi is performed in a multiple different styles including tribhangi.
- Manipuri, a distinguished classical dance heritage of northeast India, since the time when the gods, as it is believed, dried a lake in the countryside of Manipur to make space for dance; this classical dance has been part of the socio-religious culture of the state.
- Ras Leela and Sankirtana are the devotional themes of Manipuri dance. The Manipuri dancers wear colourfully embroidered skirts with transparent embellished veil.
- The word “Mohiniyattam” literally means “dance of the enchantress“. There are two stories of the Lord Vishnu disguised as a Mohini. In one, he appears as Mohini to lure the asuras away from the amrita (nectar of immortality) obtained during the churning of the palazhi (ocean of milk and salt water).
- In the second story Vishnu appears as Mohini to save Lord Shiva from the demon Bhasmasura. The costume includes white sari embroidered with bright golden brocade (known as kasavu) at the edges.
- The Mohiniyattam dance follows the classical text of Hastha Lakshanadeepika, which has elaborate description of mudras (gestural expressions by the hand palm and fingers).
- The vocal music of Mohiniyattam involves variations in the rhythmic structure known as cholla. The lyrics are in Manipravalam, a mixture of Sanskrit and Malayalam.
Dance forms of India – Questions and Answers:
Q: Changuis the dance of which state
(a) Uttarkahnd and Andhra Pradesh
(b) Punjab and Goa
(c) Odissa and Andhra Pradesh
(d) Mizoram and Tamil Nadu
Ans: Odissa and Andhra Pradesh
Q: Bharatnatyam is a famous dance form from:
(c) Tamil Nadu
Ans: Tamil Nadu
Q: Bhangra is a popular dance of:
Q: Name the ancient theatre originated in Kerala?
Q: With which musical instrument is Pandit Ravi Shankar associated?
Q: Mando is a popular dance of Indian State
(d) None of these
Q: Gair and Ghoomar are the popular dance of Indian State
(a) jammu and kashmir
(d) None of These