List of Bharat Ratna Award Winners 1954 – 2017 Benefits, Dispute & Important Facts
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What is Bharat Ratna Award?
Bharat Ratna, the country’s highest civilian award instituted in 1954, is given in recognition of exceptional service, performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour. Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex is eligible for this award.
Dear Readers, when you look at the question papers of SSC CHSL, SSC CGL, SSC MTS, IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk, IBPS SO, LIC AAO, etc. you may find a lot of questions related to Important Civilian Awards. Questions based on Books and Authors form a part of the General Awareness section of many Govt. and Bank exams. The SSC CGL Exam 2017 also has many questions related to Bharat Ratna Award. But chances are that if a particular book was in news, then it can be in your SSC CGL, CHSL, MTS, etc. exam too.
List of Bharat Ratna Award recipients is a very important topic of General Awareness. Every year, questions are asked in various competitive exams like SSC Exams, IBPS Exams, Railway Exams etc. This article covers the complete details of Bharat Ratna and List of Bharat Ratna Award Recipients.
In what shape is the medal of the Bharat Ratna award designed ?
What is the reason that Bharat Ratna award is designed like a Peepul Tree
In the original specification of the award, the award was made in circular shape, a gold medal shaped 35mm in diameter and had devanagari inscription of Bharat Ratna with symbolic sign of sun. On the opposite side, the state emblem of India and motto was there.
15 Interesting facts and Information about Bharat Ratna Award You Should Know
• The recommendations for awarding the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President of India.
• The recommendations for awarding the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President of India.
• Any person is eligible for this award without any distinction of race, occupation, position or sex.
• The number of Bharat Ratna awards is restricted to a maximum of 3, for a particular year.
• It should be noted here that it’s not mandatory to award Bharat Ratna every year.
• The Bharat Ratna Awardee, on conferment, receives a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President of India and a medallion. The medallion has its base shape of sacred peepal leaf, it is rimmed in platinum.
• The Bharat Ratna award does not carries any monetary grant.
• Rules & Regulations: This award cannot be used as a ‘prefix or suffix’ to the recipient’s name. However, a recipient of the award can state the folloeing with his name:o ‘Awarded Bharat Ratna by the President’ oro ‘Recipient of Bharat Ratna Award’.
• The first Indian to receive Bharat Ratna Award was the famous scientist, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman in 1954. He is also a Nobel prize winner.
• First three recipients of Bharat Ratna: In 1954, three remarkable Indians were awarded Bharat Ratna – C Rajgopalachari, S. Radhakrishnan and C.V.Raman.
• First posthumous Bharat Ratna: Lal Bahadur Shastri was the first Bharat Ratna recipient to be honoured posthumously in 1966.
• First Naturalised Citizen Bharat Ratna: Mother Teresa was the first naturalized Indian citizen to receive Bharat Ratna Award in 1980.
• Non-Indian Bharat Ratna Awardees: Two non indians have been awarded India’s highest civilian honour. Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan was awarded in 1987 and Nelson Mandela in 1990.
• In 2015, Educationist Madan Mohan Malviya and former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee are awarded the 44th and 45th Bharat Ratna Award respectively.
Bharat Ratna Awards: History and Significance
On 2nd January 1954, the President of India had announced two civilian awards: – Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award and three tier Padma Vibhushan award.
There is no formal provision that recipients of the Bharat Ratna should be Indian citizens. It has been awarded to a naturalized Indian citizen. List of Bharat Ratna Award Winners 1954 – 2017 Benefits, Dispute & Important Facts.
Initially, the “Bharat Ratna” award was conferred on only alive persons and the award was not intended to be given posthumous. That is why Mahatma Gandhi wasn’t awarded with this award to highlight his exceptional role in nation building. After January 1955, provision was made for issue of posthumous Bharat Ratna award.
Must to know facts about Bharat Ratna Award:
- Bharat Ratna medal looks like a peepal leaf.
- First Bharat Ratna was awarded to Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, Sir C.V. Raman, and Chakravarti Rajagopalachari in 1954.
- Mother Teresa was the first naturalized Indian citizen of Bharat Ratna Award Winner in 1980.
- Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1987) And Nelson Mandela (1990) are two non Indians of Bharat Ratna Award Winners.
- Sachin Tendulkar is the first sportsperson and the youngest Bharat Ratna Award Winner.
- Indira Gandhi was the first lady to be honored with Bharat Ratna Award.
Disputes related to Bharat Ratna Award
The Bharat Ratna has been surrounded by several controversies and multiple Public-Interest Litigations (PIL) had been filed against the conferral of the award.
1. Award to Subhash Chandra Bose: Posthumous Bharat Ratna Award to the Indian freedom fighter Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose in 1992 came into news for typical reasons. A Public Interest Litigation stalled everything and the award was forced to be withdrawn thereafter.
2. Award to Abdul Kalam Azad: The argument of this esteemed freedom fighter was that why should he receive it when he was one of the selection committee members of this award. He was awarded Bharat Ratna posthumously in 1992 for outstanding contributions.
3. Award to Sachin Tendulkar: When it was decided to confer Sachin Tendulkar with Bharat Ratna, one of the activists of RTI gave in writing to India’s Election Commission that such a declaration amounted to violation of code of conduct of the elections. In this petition, he opinioned that as Sachin had been nominated as an MP from Congress, if the Bharat Ratna were to be conferred on him.
Benefits to Bharat Ratna Awardee
The Bharat Ratna awardee receives a Sanad signed by the President of India and a medallion. This medallion is made by the India Government Mint in Kolkata. The benefits and facilities associated with Bharat Ratna award are:
1. Free first class flight journey anywhere in India.
2. Free first class train journey.
3. Pension equal to or 50% of Prime Minister of India’s salary.
4. Can attend the Parliament meetings and sessions.
5. Special Guest in Republic Day and Independence Day.
6. Status equal to VVIP.
List of Bharat Ratna Award Recipients
Following are the recipients of Bharat Ratna Awards from 1954 to 2017:
Bharat Ratna Winner List From 1954 To 2015
Name of the Awardees
Birth & Death
About him/her Activity
Madan Mohan Malviya
Scholar And Educational Reformer And Served As The Banaras Hindu University Vice-Chancellor From 1919 Till 1938.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Served As The Prime Minister Of India For Three Terms; 1996, 1998, 1999–2004.
Prof. C.N.R Rao
Honorary Doctorates From 63 Universities & Authored Around 1600 Research Papers And 48 Books.
Sachin Tendulkar Had Played 664 International Cricket Matches In A Career & Made 30,000 Runs In Both Odi And Test Cricket
1922 – 2011
Hindustani Classical Vocalist
Hindustani Classical Shehnai Player
Nightingale Of India
Hindustani Classical Music
Gopinath Bordoloi (Posthumous)
First Chief Minister Of Assam (1946–50) And
Professor Amartya Sen
Research On Several Topics Like Social Choice Theory, Ethics And Political Philosophy, Welfare Economics, Decision Theory And More
Jayaprakash Narayan (Posthumous)
Total Revolution Movement And Independence Activist, Social Reformer
Shri Chidambaram Subramniam
Independence Activist And Former Minister Of Agriculture Of India
Smt. Madurai Sanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi
Carnatic Classical Vocalist
Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
Aerospace And Defence Scientist
Smt. Aruna Asaf Ali (Posthumous)
Quit India Movement In 1942 & Delhi’s First Mayor In 1958.
Shri Gulzarilal Nanda
2 Times Interim Prime Minister Of India (1964, 1966) And Deputy Chairman Of The Planning Commission.
Shri Satyajit Ray
For Bringing World Recognition To Indian Cinema In 1984
Shri Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata (J. R. D. Tata)
Industrialist, Philanthropist, And Aviation Pioneer
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (Posthumous)
Independence Activist And First Minister Of Education
Shri Morarji Desai
Independence Activist And 6th Prime Minister Of India In 1977–79
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (Posthumous)
Called Iron Man Of India And First Deputy Prime Minister Of India In 1947–50
Shri Rajiv Gandhi (Posthumous)
9th Prime Minister Of India
Dr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
President Of South Africa In 1994–99
Dr. Bhim Rao Ramji Ambedkar (Posthumous)
Social Reformer And Leader Of The Dalits
Shri Marudu Gopalan Ramachandran (Posthumous)
Chief Minister Of Tamil Nadu For 3rd Terms; 1977–80, 1980–84, 1985–87
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
Called Frontier Gandhi And Founded Khudai Khidmatgar (Red Shirt Movement) In 1929
Shri Acharya Vinobha Bhave (Posthumous)
Independence Activist, Social Reformer
“Saint Mother Teresa Of Calcutta” Founder Of The Missionaries Of Charity
Shri Kumaraswami Kamraj(Posthumous)
Chief Minister Of Tamil Nadu For 3 Terms – 1954–57, 1957–62, And 1962–63
Shri Varahagiri Venkata Giri
4th Prime Minister And Independence Activist
Smt. Indira Gandhi
Called As The “Iron Lady Of India” And Was Prime Minister Of India During 1966–77 And 1980–84
Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri (Posthumous)
For His Slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” And Second Prime Minister Of India In 1964–66
Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane
Indologist And Sanskrit Scholar
Dr. Zakir Hussain
Independence Activist And Education Philosopher & Vice Chancellor Of Aligarh Muslim University In 1948–56 And 3rd President Of India In 1967–69
Dr. Rajendra Prasad
Independence Activist, Lawyer, Statesman, And Scholar & First President Of India 1950–62
Shri Purushottam Das Tandon
Speaker Of The Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly In 1937–50 & Involvement Of Official Language Status To Hindi.
Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy
Physician, Political Leader, Philanthropist, Educationist, And A Social Worker
Dr. Dhondo Keshave Karve
Social Reformer And Educator
Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant
1st Chief Minister Of Uttar Pradesh (1950–54) And Premier Of United Provinces In 1937–39, 1946–50
Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister Of India In 1947–64 & Independence Activist And Author
Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
Civil Engineer, Statesman, And Diwan Of Mysore In 1912–18
Dr. Bhagwan Das
Independence Activist, Philosopher, And Educationist
Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
1888 – 197
Dr. Sarvapali Radhakrishnan
1st Vice-President In 1952–62) And Second President In 1962–67
Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
Independence Activist, Statesman, And Lawyer