Bharat Ratna Award

This article discusses the List of Bharat Ratna Award Winners from (1954 – present), its benefits, disputes, and facts.

List of Bharat Ratna Award Winners is a very important topic of General Awareness. Every year, questions are asked in various competitive exams like SSC Exams, IBPS Exams, Railway Exams etc. This article covers the complete details of Bharat Ratna Award Recipients.

Bharat Ratna Award – Important Questions and Answers

What is Bharat Ratna Award?

Bharat Ratna, the country’s highest civilian award instituted in 1954, is given in recognition of exceptional service, performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour. Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex is eligible for this award.

In what shape is the medal of the Bharat Ratna award designed? / or /  

What is the reason that Bharat Ratna award is designed like a Peepal Tree?

In the original specification of the award, the award was made in the circular shape, a gold medal shaped 35mm in diameter and had devanagari inscription of Bharat Ratna with symbolic sign of sun. On the opposite side, the state emblem of India and motto was there.

15 Interesting Facts Bharat Ratna Award:

• The recommendations for awarding the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President of India.

• The recommendations for awarding the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President of India.

• Any person is eligible for this award without any distinction of race, occupation, position or sex.

• The number of Bharat Ratna awards is restricted to a maximum of 3, for a particular year.

• It should be noted here that it’s not mandatory to award Bharat Ratna every year.

• The Bharat Ratna Awardee, on conferment, receives a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President of India and a medallion. The medallion has its base shape of sacred peepal leaf, it is rimmed in platinum.

• The Bharat Ratna award does not carries any monetary grant.

• Rules & Regulations: This award cannot be used as a ‘prefix or suffix’ to the recipient’s name. However, a recipient of the award can state the following with his name:o ‘Awarded Bharat Ratna by the President’ or ‘Recipient of Bharat Ratna Award’.

• The first Indian to receive Bharat Ratna Award was the famous scientist, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman in 1954. He is also a Nobel prize winner.

• First three recipients of Bharat Ratna: In 1954, three remarkable Indians were awarded Bharat Ratna – C Rajgopalachari, S. Radhakrishnan and C.V.Raman.

• First posthumous Bharat Ratna: Lal Bahadur Shastri was the first Bharat Ratna recipient to be honoured posthumously in 1966.

• First Naturalised Citizen Bharat Ratna: Mother Teresa was the first naturalized Indian citizen to receive Bharat Ratna Award in 1980.

• Non-Indian Bharat Ratna Awardees: Two non indians have been awarded India’s highest civilian honour. Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan was awarded in 1987 and Nelson Mandela in 1990.

• In 2015, Educationist Madan Mohan Malviya and former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee are awarded the 44th and 45th Bharat Ratna Award respectively.

Bharat Ratna Award: History and Significance

On 2nd January 1954, the President of India had announced two civilian awards: – Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award and three tier Padma Vibhushan award.

There is no formal provision that recipients of the Bharat Ratna should be Indian citizens. It has been awarded to a naturalized Indian citizen. List of Bharat Ratna Award Winners 1954 – 2017 Benefits, Dispute & Important Facts.

Initially, the “Bharat Ratna” award was conferred on only alive persons and the award was not intended to be given posthumous. That is why Mahatma Gandhi wasn’t awarded with this award to highlight his exceptional role in nation building. After January 1955, provision was made for issue of posthumous Bharat Ratna award.

Interesting facts about Bharat Ratna Award:

  • Bharat Ratna medal looks like a peepal leaf.
  • First Bharat Ratna was awarded to Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, Sir C.V. Raman, and Chakravarti Rajagopalachari in 1954.
  • Mother Teresa was the first naturalized Indian citizen of Bharat Ratna Award Winner in 1980.
  • Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1987) And Nelson Mandela (1990) are two non Indians of Bharat Ratna Award Winners.
  • Sachin Tendulkar is the first sportsperson and the youngest Bharat Ratna Award Winner.
  • Indira Gandhi was the first lady to be honoured with Bharat Ratna Award.

Disputes about Bharat Ratna Award:

The Bharat Ratna has been surrounded by several controversies and multiple Public-Interest Litigations (PIL) had been filed against the conferral of the award.

1. Bharat Ratna Award to Subhash Chandra Bose: Posthumous Bharat Ratna Award to the Indian freedom fighter Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose in 1992 came into news for typical reasons. A Public Interest Litigation stalled everything and the award was forced to be withdrawn thereafter.

2. Bharat Ratna Award to Abdul Kalam Azad: The argument of this esteemed freedom fighter was that why should he receive it when he was one of the selection committee members of this award. He was awarded Bharat Ratna posthumously in 1992 for outstanding contributions.

3. Bharat Ratna Award to Sachin Tendulkar: When it was decided to confer Sachin Tendulkar with Bharat Ratna, one of the activists of RTI gave in writing to India’s Election Commission that such a declaration amounted to the violation of code of conduct of the elections. In this petition, he opinioned that as Sachin had been nominated as an MP from Congress, if the Bharat Ratna were to be conferred on him.

Benefits to Bharat Ratna Award:

The Bharat Ratna awardee receives a Sanad signed by the President of India and a medallion. This medallion is made by the India Government Mint in Kolkata. The benefits and facilities associated with Bharat Ratna award are:

1. Free first class flight journey anywhere in India.

2. Free first class train journey.

3. The pension equal to or 50% of Prime Minister of India’s salary.

4. Can attend the Parliament meetings and sessions.

5. Special Guest in Republic Day and Independence Day.

6. Status equal to VVIP.

List of Bharat Ratna Award Recipients (1954 to Present):

Bharat Ratna Winner List From 1954 To Present

S.No.

Name of the Awardees

Birth & Death

Awarded Year

About him/her Activity

1

Madan Mohan Malviya

1861 –1946

2015

Scholar And Educational Reformer And Served As The Banaras Hindu University Vice-Chancellor From 1919 Till 1938.

2

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

1924-

2015

Served As The Prime Minister Of India For Three Terms; 1996, 1998, 1999–2004.

3

Prof. C.N.R Rao

1934-

2014

Honorary Doctorates From 63 Universities & Authored Around 1600 Research Papers And 48 Books.

4

Sachin Tendulkar

1973-

2014

Sachin Tendulkar Had Played 664 International Cricket Matches In A Career & Made 30,000 Runs In Both Odi And Test Cricket

5

Bhimsen Joshi

1922 – 2011

###

Hindustani Classical Vocalist

6

Bismillah Khan

1916 –2006

2001

Hindustani Classical Shehnai Player

7

Lata Mangeshkar

1929-

2001

Nightingale Of India

8

Ravi Shankar

1920 –2012

1999

Hindustani Classical Music

9

Gopinath Bordoloi (Posthumous)

1890 –1950

1999

First Chief Minister Of Assam (1946–50) And

10

Professor Amartya Sen

1933-

1999

Research On Several Topics Like Social Choice Theory, Ethics And Political Philosophy, Welfare Economics, Decision Theory And More

11

Jayaprakash Narayan (Posthumous)

1902 –1979

1999

Total Revolution Movement And Independence Activist, Social Reformer

12

Shri Chidambaram Subramniam

1910 –2000

1998

Independence Activist And Former Minister Of Agriculture Of India

13

Smt. Madurai Sanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi

1916 –2004

1998

Carnatic Classical Vocalist

14

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

1931-

1997

Aerospace And Defence Scientist

15

Smt. Aruna Asaf Ali (Posthumous)

1909 –1996

1997

Quit India Movement In 1942 & Delhi’s First Mayor In 1958.

16

Shri Gulzarilal Nanda

1898 –1998

1997

2 Times Interim Prime Minister Of India (1964, 1966) And Deputy Chairman Of The Planning Commission.

17

Shri Satyajit Ray

1922 –1992

1992

For Bringing World Recognition To Indian Cinema In 1984

18

Shri Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata (J. R. D. Tata)

1904 –1993

1992

Industrialist, Philanthropist, And Aviation Pioneer

19

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (Posthumous)

1888 –1958

1992

Independence Activist And First Minister Of Education

20

Shri Morarji Desai

1896 –1995

1991

Independence Activist And 6th Prime Minister Of India In 1977–79

21

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (Posthumous)

1875 –1950

1991

Called Iron Man Of India And First Deputy Prime Minister Of India In 1947–50

22

Shri Rajiv Gandhi (Posthumous)

1944 –1991

1991

9th Prime Minister Of India

23

Dr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela

1918-

1990

President Of South Africa In 1994–99

24

Dr. Bhim Rao Ramji Ambedkar (Posthumous)

1891 –1956

1990

Social Reformer And Leader Of The Dalits

25

Shri Marudu Gopalan Ramachandran (Posthumous)

1917 –1987

1988

Chief Minister Of Tamil Nadu For 3rd Terms; 1977–80, 1980–84, 1985–87

26

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

1890 –1988

1987

Called Frontier Gandhi And Founded Khudai Khidmatgar (Red Shirt Movement) In 1929

27

Shri Acharya Vinobha Bhave (Posthumous)

1895 –1982

1983

Independence Activist, Social Reformer

28

Mother Teresa

1910 –1997

1980

“Saint Mother Teresa Of Calcutta”  Founder Of The Missionaries Of Charity

29

Shri Kumaraswami Kamraj(Posthumous)

1903 –1975

1976

Chief Minister Of Tamil Nadu For 3 Terms – 1954–57, 1957–62, And 1962–63

30

Shri Varahagiri Venkata Giri

1894 –1980

1975

4th Prime Minister And Independence Activist

31

Smt. Indira Gandhi

1917 –1984

1971

Called As The “Iron Lady Of India” And Was Prime Minister Of India During 1966–77 And 1980–84

32

Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri (Posthumous)

1904 –1966

1966

For His Slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” And Second Prime Minister Of India In 1964–66

33

Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane

1880 –1972

1963

Indologist And Sanskrit Scholar

34

Dr. Zakir Hussain

1897 –1969

1963

Independence Activist And Education Philosopher &  Vice Chancellor Of Aligarh Muslim University In 1948–56 And 3rd President Of India In 1967–69

35

Dr. Rajendra Prasad

1884 –1963

1962

Independence Activist, Lawyer, Statesman, And Scholar & First President Of India 1950–62

36

Shri Purushottam Das Tandon

1882 –1962

1961

Speaker Of The Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly In 1937–50 & Involvement Of Official Language Status To Hindi.

37

Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy

1882 –1962

1961

Physician, Political Leader, Philanthropist, Educationist, And A Social Worker

38

Dr. Dhondo Keshave Karve

1858 –1962

1958

Social Reformer And Educator

39

Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant

1887 –1961

1957

1st Chief Minister Of Uttar Pradesh (1950–54) And Premier Of United Provinces In 1937–39, 1946–50

40

Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru

1889 –1964

1955

1st Prime Minister Of India In 1947–64 & Independence Activist And Author

41

Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya

1861 –1962

1955

Civil Engineer, Statesman, And Diwan Of Mysore In 1912–18

42

Dr. Bhagwan Das

1869 –1958

1955

Independence Activist, Philosopher, And Educationist

43

Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman

1888 – 197

1954

Physicist

44

Dr. Sarvapali Radhakrishnan

1888 –1975

1954

1st Vice-President In 1952–62) And Second President In 1962–67

45

Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari

1878 –1972

1954

Independence Activist, Statesman, And Lawyer

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