Geographical Discoveries of the World

Geographical Discoveries has always been an important part of any Competitive exams. If you don’t know about these discoveries you are likely to miss few marks in upcoming SSC exams. Today we are providing you with a list of Important Geographical Discoveries and their Discoverers.

List of Popular Geographical Discoveries:

Discovery Discoverer (Nationality) Year
America Christopher Columbus (Italy) 1492
Australia Captain James Cook (England) 1770
Brazil Pedro Alvares Cabral (Portuguese) 1500
Cape of Good Hope Bartholomeu Dias (Portugal) 1488
China Marco Polo (Italy)
First person to set foot on Moon Neil Armstrong (USA) 1969
Hudson Bay Henry Hudson (England) 1610
Hawaiian Island Captain James Cook (England) 1770
North Pole Robert Peary (USA) 1909
New Foundland John Cabot (Italy) 1497
Planets Johannes Kepler (Germany) 1609
Solar System Nicolaus Copernicus (Poland) 1540
Sea route to India via Cape of Good Hope Vasco-da-Gama (Portugal) 1498
South Pole Roald Amundsen (Norway) 1911
Tasmania Island Abel Tasman (Dutch) 1642

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Largest Country in the world Area Wise:

  • Russia: 17,075,200 km2(6,592,771 mi 2)
  • Canada: 9,984,670 km2(3,854,082 mi2)
  • United States: 9,631,418 km2(3,717,727 mi2)
  • China: 9,596,960 km2(3,704,426 mi2)
  • Brazil: 8,511,965 km2(3,285,618 mi2)
  • Australia: 7,686,850 km2(2,967,124 mi2)
  • India: 3,287,590 km2(1,269,009 mi2)

Smallest Country in the World Area Wise:

  • Saint Kitts and Nevis – 261 km²
  • Marshall Islands – 181 km²
  • Liechtenstein – 160 km²
  • San Marino – 61 km² 
  • Tuvalu – 26 km²
  • Nauru – 21 km² 
  • Monaco – 2 km² 
  • Vatican City – 0.44 km² 

Countries with Smallest Populations:

Vatican City 451
Tuvalu 9,893
Palau 21,097
San Marino 31,595
Liechtenstein 37,286
Monaco 37,623
Marshall Islands 52,898

 

  Governors, Generals & Viceroys of India

Countries with Largest Population:

China 1,38,46,88,986
India 1,29,68,34,042
United States 32,92,56,465
 Indonesia 26,27,87,403
Brazil 20,88,46,892

 

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