Chemical Compounds, their Common Names, Formulas & Uses | Download PDF

Scholarship Examination in India

If you keep an eye on the latest trend followed by General Awareness questions, you would notice that Science facts are covering major portions of it. Questions belonging to physics, chemistry & biology are frequently asked in most of the competitive exams including SSC, IBPS etc. For students who had science in 10+2, answering such questions is not hard but for those who did not, it becomes quite difficult. Nowadays a lot of question about Common names of chemical compounds are being included in SSC CPO exams. To help you quickly take a look at important Chemical compounds and their common names, we are providing you with a list of chemical compounds and their common names. Before you take a look at the list of Chemical Compounds and formula let’s understand some basic definitions below.

Generally, questions from the topic Common Names and Formulas of Important Chemical Compounds are asked in every competitive exam. So, here are short notes on Common Names and Formulas of Important Chemical Compounds which will be useful for upcoming competitive exams.

List of Chemical Compounds, it’s Formula and uses:

Common Name

Formula

Chemical Name

Used In

Alum

KAl(SO4)2·12H2O

Potassium Aluminum Sulphate

Purification Of Water To Remove Dirt.

Baking Soda

NaHCO3

Sodium Bicarbonate

Fire Extinguisher, Cooking, Antacid Etc.

Bleaching Powder

Ca(ClO)2

Calcium Oxychloride

Used As Bleaching Agent And Disinfectant.

Blue Vitriol

CuSO4·5H2O

Copper Sulphate

Bordeaux Mixture.

Borax

Na2B4O7·10H2O

Sodium Tetraborate

Used As A Flux In Optical Gas, In Match, Stick To Prevent After Glow, As A Preservative.

Bordeaux Mixture Or Bordo Mix

CuSO4 & Ca(OH)2

Mixture Of Copper Sulphate And Milk Of Lime

Used As A Fungicide. 

Caustic Soda

NaOH

Sodium Hydroxide

Manufacture Of Soap, Paper, Rayon, Etc.

Common Salt

NaCl

Sodium Chloride

Food Preservative.

Corrosive Sublimate

HgCl2

Mercuric Chloride

Batteries.

Dry Ice

CO2

Solid Carbon Dioxide

Used To Induce Artificial Rain, Cinema Locations Etc.

Epsom Salt

MgSO4

Magnesium Sulphate (Hepta Hydrate)

Used As Laxative.

Glauber’s Salt

Na2SO4

Sodium Sulphate

Manufacture Of Window Glass, Brown Paper, As Detergent Additive.

Gypsum or Plaster Of Paris

CaSO4·2H2O

Calcium Sulphate

Cement, Production Of (Dihydrate) Plaster Of Paris Etc.

Heavy Spar

BaSO4

Barium Sulphate

Used As A Barium Meal For Contrast Dye X

Hypo

Na2S2O3

Sodium Thiosulphate

Photography For Fixing Or Washing.

Indian Salt Peter

KNO3

Potassium Nitrate

Gun Powder Which Is A 6:1:1 Mixture Of Potassium, Charcoal, And Sulphur.

Lime Stone, Marble

CaCO3

Calcium Carbonate

Cement, Glass Mortar, White Washing Spar Etc.

Lunar Caustic

AgNO3

Silver Nitrate

Silver Mirror, Marking Ink For Identification Of Person In Elections Etc.

Lime Water

 Ca(OH)2

Calcium Hydroxide

Cement, Glass, Mortar, White Washing Etc.

Oil Of Vitriol

H2SO4

Sulphuric Acid

King Of Chemicals,  Most Industries.

Pearl Ash

K2CO3

Potassium Carbonate

Soft Soap, Washing Wool Etc.

Philosopher’s Wool 

ZnO

Zinc Oxide

Paints, As A Filler In Rubber Etc.

Quick Lime

CaO

Calcium Oxide

Cement, Glass, Mortar, White Washing Etc.

Sal Ammoniac

NH4Cl

Ammonium Chloride

Used For Soldering, In Dry Cell Etc.

Washing Soda

Na2CO3

Sodium Carbonate

Manufacture Of Glass, Softening Of Water For Washing Cloths Etc.

Water Glass

Na2O3Si

Sodium Silicate

Used As A Filler In Soap, Fire Proofing Timber And Textiles Etc.

White Vitriol

 ZnSO

Zinc Sulphate

Used To Produce White Paint By Mixing With With Barium Sulphate.

Names of Chemical Compounds and Formula:

Chemical Compounds name starts from “A”:

  • Aluminium antimonide – AlSb
  • Aluminium arsenide – AlAs
  • Aluminium nitride – AlN
  • Aluminium oxide – Al2O3
  • Aluminium phosphide – AlP
  • Aluminium chloride – AlCl3
  • Aluminium fluoride – AlF3
  • Aluminium hydroxide – Al(OH)3
  • Aluminium nitrate – Al(NO3)3
  • Aluminium sulfate – Al2(SO4)3
  • Ammonia – NH3
  • Ammonium azide – NH4N3
  • Ammonium bicarbonate – NH4HCO3
  • Ammonium chromate – (NH4)2CrO4
  • Ammonium cerium(IV) nitrate – (NH4)2Ce(NO3)6
  • Ammonium chloride – NH4Cl
  • Ammonium chlorate – NH4ClO3
  • Ammonium cyanide – NH4CN
  • Ammonium dichromate – (NH4)2Cr2O7
  • Ammonium hydroxide – NH4OH
  • Ammonium hexachloroplatinate – (NH4)2(PtCl6)
  • Ammonium nitrate – NH4NO3
  • Ammonium sulfide – (NH4)2S4
  • Ammonium sulfite – (NH4)2SO3
  • Ammonium sulfate – (NH4)2SO4
  • Ammonium persulfate – (NH4)2S2O8
  • Ammonium perchlorate – NH4ClO4
  • Ammonium tetrathiocyanatodiamminechromate(III) – NH4[Cr(SCN)4(NH3)2]
  • Antimony hydride – SbH3
  • Antimony pentachloride – SbCl5
  • Antimony pentafluoride – SbF5
  • Antimony trioxide – Sb2O3
  • Arsine – AsH3
  • Arsenic trioxide (Arsenic(III) oxide) – As2O3
  • Arsenous acid – As(OH)3

Chemical Compounds name starts from “B”:

  • Barium azide – Ba(N3)3
  • Barium chloride – BaCl2
  • Barium chromate – BaCrO4
  • Barium chlorate – BaClO3
  • Barium carbonate – BaCO3
  • Barium hydroxide – Ba(OH)2
  • Barium iodide – BaI2
  • Barium nitrate – Ba(NO3)2
  • Barium sulfate – BaSO4
  • Barium fluoride – BaF2
  • Barium ferrite – BaFe2O4
  • Barium ferrate – BaFeO4
  • Barium titanate – BaTiO3
  • Barium oxide – BaO
  • Barium peroxide – BaO2
  • Beryllium bromide – BeBr2
  • Beryllium carbonate – BeCO3
  • Beryllium chloride – BeCl2
  • Beryllium fluoride – BeF2
  • Beryllium hydride – BeH2
  • Beryllium hydroxide – Be(OH)2
  • Beryllium iodide – BeI2
  • Beryllium nitrate – Be(NO3)2
  • Beryllium nitride – Be3N2
  • Beryllium oxide – BeO
  • Beryllium sulfate – BeSO4
  • Beryllium sulfite – BeSO3
  • Beryllium borohydride – Be(BH4)2
  • Beryllium telluride – BeTe
  • Bismuth(III) oxide – Bi2O3
  • Bismuth(III) telluride – Bi2Te3
  • Borane – Diborane: B2H6, Pentaborane: B5H9 Decaborane: B10H14
  • Borax – Na2B4O7·10H2O
  • Boric acid – H3BO3
  • Boron carbide – B4C
  • Boron nitride – BN
  • Boron oxide – B2O3
  • Boron suboxide – B6O
  • Boron trichloride – BCl3
  • Boron trifluoride – BF3
  • Bromine pentafluoride – BrF5
  • Bromine trifluoride – BrF3
  • Bromine monochloride – BrCl

Chemical Compounds name starts from “C”:

  • Cacodylic acid – (CH3)2AsO2H
  • Cadmium arsenide – Cd3As2
  • Cadmium bromide – CdBr2
  • Cadmium chloride – CdCl2
  • Cadmium fluoride – CdF2
  • Cadmium iodide – CdI2
  • Cadmium nitrate – Cd(NO3)2
  • Cadmium selenide – CdSe (of quantum dot fame)
  • Cadmium sulfate – CdSO4
  • Cadmium telluride – CdTe
  • Caesium bicarbonate – CsHCO3
  • Caesium carbonate – Cs2CO3
  • Caesium chromate – Cs2CrO4
  • Caesium chloride – CsCl
  • Caesium fluoride – CsF
  • Caesium hydride – CsH
  • Calcium carbide – CaC2
  • Calcium chlorate – Ca(ClO3)2
  • Calcium chloride – CaCl2
  • Calcium chromate – CaCrO4
  • Calcium cyanamide – CaCN2
  • Calcium fluoride – CaF2
  • Calcium hydride – CaH2
  • Calcium hydroxide – Ca(OH)2
  • Calcium sulfate (Gypsum) – CaSO4
  • Carbon dioxide – CO2
  • Carbon disulfide – CS2
  • Carbon monoxide – CO
  • Carbonic acid – H2CO3
  • Carbon tetrabromide – CBr4
  • Carbon tetrachloride – CCl4
  • Carbon tetraiodide – CI4
  • Carbonyl fluoride – COF2
  • Carbonyl sulfide – COS
  • Carboplatin – C6H12N2O4Pt
  • carborundum SiC
  • Cerium(III) chloride – CeCl3
  • Cerium(III) bromide – CeBr3
  • Cerium(IV) sulfate – Ce(SO4)2
  • Cerium magnesium – CeMg
  • Cerium aluminium – CeAl
  • Cerium zinc – CeZn
  • Cerium silver – CeAg
  • Cerium cadmium – CeCd
  • Cerium mercury – CeHg
  • Cerium thallium – CeTl
  • Chloric acid – HClO3
  • Chlorine – Cl2
  • Chlorine monoxide – ClO
  • Chlorine dioxide – ClO2
  • Chlorine trioxide – ClO3
  • Chlorine tetroxide, the peroxide – O3ClOOClO3
  • Chromic acid – CrO3
  • Chromium(III) chloride – CrCl3
  • Chromium(II) chloride – CrCl2 (also chromous chloride)
  • Chromium(III) oxide – Cr2O3
  • Chromium(IV) oxide – CrO2
  • Chromium(II) sulfate – CrSO4
  • Chromium trioxide (Chromic acid) – CrO3
  • Chromyl chloride – CrO2Cl2
  • Cisplatin (cis-platinum(II) chloride diammine)– PtCl2(NH3)2
  • Cobalt(II) bromide – CoBr2
  • Cobalt(II) chloride – CoCl2
  • Cobalt(II) carbonate – CoCO3
  • Cobalt(II) sulfate – CoSO4
  • Columbite – Fe2+Nb2O6
  • Copper(II) azide – Cu(N3)2
  • Copper(II) carbonate – CuCO3
  • Copper(I) chloride – CuCl
  • Copper(II) chloride – CuCl2
  • Copper(II) hydroxide – Cu(OH)2
  • Copper(II) nitrate – Cu(NO3)2
  • Copper(I) oxide – Cu2O
  • Copper(II) oxide – CuO
  • Copper(II) sulfate – CuSO4
  • Copper(I) sulfide – Cu2S
  • Copper(II) sulfide – CuS
  • Cyanogen – (CN)2
  • Cyanogen chloride – CNCl
  • Cyanuric chloride – C3Cl3N3
  • Cyanogen bromide – CNBr
  • Cyanogen iodide – ICN
  • Chrome-alum; K2SO4Cr2(SO4)3.24H2O

Chemical Compounds name starts from “D”:

  • Dichlorine monoxide – Cl2O
  • Dichlorine dioxide – Cl2O2
  • Dichlorine trioxide – Cl2O3
  • Dichlorine tetroxide,also known as chlorine perchlorate – ClOClO3
  • Dichlorine hexoxide – Cl2O6
  • Dichlorine heptoxide – Cl2O7
  • Decaborane (Diborane) – B10H14
  • Diammonium phosphate – (NH4)2HPO4
  • Diborane – B2H6
  • Dichlorosilane – SiH2Cl2
  • Digallane – Ga2H6
  • Dinitrogen pentoxide (nitronium nitrate) – N2O5
  • Dinitrogen tetroxide – N2O4
  • Disilane – Si2H6
  • Disulfur dichloride S2Cl2
  • Dysprosium(III) chloride – DyCl3
  • Dysprosium oxide – Dy2O3
  • Dysprosium titanate – Dy2Ti2O7

Chemical Compounds name starts from “E”:

  • Erbium(III) chloride – ErCl3
  • Europium(III) chloride – EuCl3
  • Erbium-copper – ErCu
  • Erbium-gold – ErAu
  • Erbium-silver – ErAg
  • Erbium-Iridium – ErIr

Chemical Compounds name starts from “G”:

  • Gadolinium(III) chloride – GdCl3
  • Gadolinium(III) oxide – Gd2O3
  • Gallium antimonide – GaSb
  • Gallium arsenide – GaAs
  • Gallium trichloride – GaCl3
  • Gallium nitride – GaN
  • Gallium phosphide – GaP
  • Germanium(IV) hydride (Germane)– GeH4
  • Germanium(III) hydride – Ge2H6
  • Germanium(II) fluoride – GeF2
  • Germanium(IV) fluoride – GeF4
  • Germanium(II) chloride – GeCl2
  • Germanium(IV) chloride – GeCl4
  • Germanium(II) bromide – GeBr2
  • Germanium(IV) bromide – GeBr4
  • Germanium(II) iodide – GeI2
  • Germanium(IV) iodide – GeI4
  • Germanium(II) oxide – GeO
  • Germanium(IV) oxide – GeO2
  • Germanium(II) sulfide – GeS
  • Germanium(IV) sulfide – GeS2
  • Germanium(II) selenide – GeSe
  • Germanium(IV) selenide – GeSe2
  • Germanium telluride – GeTe
  • Germanium(IV) nitride – Ge3N4
  • Gold(I) chloride – AuCl
  • Gold(III) chloride – AuCl3
  • Gold(I,III) chloride – Au4Cl8
  • Gold(III) chloride – (AuCl3)2
  • Gold(III) fluoride – AuF3
  • Gold(V) fluoride – AuF5
  • Gold(I) bromide – AuBr
  • Gold(III) bromide – (AuBr3)2
  • Gold(I) iodide – AuI
  • Gold(III) iodide – AuI3
  • Gold(III) oxide – Au2O3
  • Gold(I) sulfide – Au2S
  • Gold(III) sulfide – Au2S3
  • Gold(III) selenide – AuSe
  • Gold(III) selenide – Au2Se3
  • Gold ditelluride – AuTe2

Chemical Compounds name starts from “H”:

  • Hafnium tetrafluoride – HfF4
  • Hafnium tetrachloride – HfCl4
  • Hexadecacarbonylhexarhodium – Rh6(CO)16
  • Hydrazine – N2H4
  • Hydrazoic acid – HN3
  • Hydrobromic acid – HBr
  • Hydrochloric acid – HCl
  • Hydroiodic acid – HI
  • Hydrogen bromide – HBr
  • Hydrogen chloride – HCl
  • Hydrogen fluoride – HF
  • Hydrogen peroxide – H2O2
  • Hydrogen selenide – H2Se
  • Hydrogen sulfide – H2S
  • Hydrogen telluride – H2Te
  • Hydroxylamine – NH2OH
  • Hypochlorous acid – HClO
  • Hypophosphorous acid – H3PO2

Chemical Compounds name starts from “I”:

  • Indium antimonide – InSb
  • Indium arsenide – InAs
  • Indium(I) chloride – InCl
  • Indium nitride –InN
  • Indium phosphide – InP
  • Iodic acid – HIO3
  • Iodine heptafluoride – IF7
  • Iodine pentafluoride – IF5
  • Iodine monochloride – ICl
  • Iodine trichloride – ICl3
  • Iridium(IV) chloride – IrCl4
  • Iron(II) chloride – FeCl2 including hydrate
  • Iron(III) chloride – FeCl3
  • Iron Ferrocyanide – Fe7(CN)18
  • Iron(II) oxide – FeO
  • Iron(III) nitrate – Fe(NO3)3(H2O)9
  • Iron(II,III) oxide – Fe3O4
  • Iron(III) oxide – Fe2O3
  • Iron-sulfur cluster
  • Iron(III) thiocyanate – Fe(SCN)3

Chemical Compounds name starts from “K”

  • Krypton difluoride – KrF2

Chemical Compounds name starts from “L”:

  • Lanthanum carbonate – La2(CO3)3
  • Lanthanum magnesium – LaMg
  • Lanthanum aluminium – LaAl
  • Lanthanum zinc – LaZn
  • Lanthanum silver – LaAg
  • Lanthanum cadmium – LaCd
  • Lanthanum mercury – LaHg
  • Lanthanum tallium – LaTl
  • Lead(II) carbonate – Pb(CO3)
  • Lead(II) chloride – PbCl2
  • Lead(II) iodide – PbI2
  • Lead(II) nitrate – Pb(NO3)2
  • Lead hydrogen arsenate – PbHAsO4
  • Lead(II) oxide – PbO
  • Lead(IV) oxide – PbO2
  • Lead(II) phosphate – Pb3(PO4)2
  • Lead(II) sulfate – Pb(SO4)
  • Lead(II) selenide – PbSe
  • Lead(II) sulfide – PbS
  • Lead(II) telluride – PbTe
  • Lead zirconate titanate – Pb[TixZr1-x]O3 (e.g., x = 0.52 is Lead zirconium titanate)
  • Lithium aluminium hydride – LiAlH4
  • Lithium bromide – LiBr
  • Lithium borohydride – LiBH4
  • Lithium carbonate (Lithium salt) – Li2CO3
  • Lithium chloride – LiCl
  • Lithium hypochlorite – LiClO
  • Lithium chlorate – LiClO3
  • Lithium perchlorate – LiClO4
  • Lithium cobalt oxide – LiCoO2
  • Lithium peroxide – Li2O2
  • Lithium hydride – LiH
  • Lithium hydroxide – LiOH
  • Lithium iodide – LiI
  • Lithium iron phosphate – FeLiO4P
  • Lithium nitrate – LiNO3
  • Lithium sulfide – Li2S
  • Lithium sulfite – HLiO3S
  • Lithium sulfate – Li2SO4
  • Lithium superoxide – LiO2

Chemical Compounds name starts from “M”:

  • Magnesium antimonide – MgSb
  • Magnesium carbonate – MgCO3
  • Magnesium chloride – MgCl2
  • Magnesium oxide – MgO
  • Magnesium phosphate – Mg3(PO4)2
  • Magnesium sulfate – MgSO4
  • Manganese(IV) oxide (manganese dioxide) – MnO2
  • Manganese(II) sulfate monohydrate – MnSO4.H2O
  • Manganese(II) chloride – MnCl2
  • Manganese(III) chloride – MnCl3
  • Manganese(IV) fluoride – MnF4
  • Manganese(II) phosphate – Mn3(PO4)2
  • Mercury(I) chloride – Hg2Cl2
  • Mercury(II) chloride – HgCl2
  • Mercury fulminate – Hg(ONC)2
  • Mercury(II) selenide – HgSe
  • Mercury(I) sulfate – Hg2SO4
  • Mercury(II) sulfate – HgSO4
  • Mercury(II) sulfide – HgS
  • Mercury(II) telluride – HgTe
  • Metaphosphoric acid – HPO3
  • Molybdate orange
  • Molybdenum trioxide – MoO3
  • Molybdenum disulfide – MoS2
  • Molybdenum hexacarbonyl – C6O6Mo
  • Molybdic acid – H2MoO4

Chemical Compounds name starts from “N”:

  • Neodymium(III) chloride – NdCl3
  • Nessler’s reagent –K2[HgI4]
  • Nickel(II) carbonate – NiCO3
  • Nickel(II) chloride – NiCl2 and hexahydrate
  • Nickel(II) hydroxide – Ni(OH)2
  • Nickel(II) nitrate – Ni(NO3)2
  • Nickel(II) oxide – NiO
  • Niobium oxychloride – NbOCl3
  • Niobium pentachloride – NbCl5
  • Nitric acid – HNO3
  • Nitrogen monoxide – NO
  • Nitrogen dioxide – NO2
  • Nitrosylsulfuric acid – NOHSO4

Chemical Compounds name starts from “O”:

  • Osmium tetroxide (osmium(VIII) oxide) – OsO4
  • Osmium trioxide (osmium(VI) oxide) – OsO3
  • Oxybis(tributyltin) – C24H54OSn2
  • Oxygen difluoride – OF2
  • Ozone – O3

Chemical Compounds name starts from “P”:

  • Palladium(II) chloride – PdCl2
  • Palladium(II) nitrate – Pd(NO3)2
  • Pentaborane – B5H9
  • Pentasulfide antimony – Sb2S5
  • Perchloric acid – HClO4
  • Perchloryl fluoride – ClFO3
  • Persulfuric acid (Caro’s acid) – H2SO5
  • Perxenic acid – H4XeO6
  • Phenylarsine oxide – (C6H5)AsO
  • Phenylphosphine – C6H7P
  • Phosgene – COCl2
  • Phosphine – PH3
  • Phosphite – HPO32-
  • Phosphomolybdic acid – H3PMo12O40
  • Phosphoric acid – H3PO4
  • Phosphorous acid (Phosphoric(III) acid) – H3PO3
  • Phosphorus pentabromide – PBr5
  • Phosphorus pentafluoride – PF5
  • Phosphorus pentasulfide – P4S10
  • Phosphorus pentoxide – P2O5
  • Phosphorus sesquisulfide – P4S3
  • Phosphorus tribromide – PBr3
  • Phosphorus trichloride – PCl3
  • Phosphorus trifluoride – PF3
  • Phosphorus triiodide – PI3
  • Phosphotungstic acid – H3PW12O40
  • Platinum(II) chloride – PtCl2
  • Platinum(IV) chloride – PtCl4
  • Plutonium(III) chloride – PuCl3
  • Plutonium dioxide (Plutonium(IV) oxide) – PuO2
  • Potash Alum– K2SO4.Al2(SO4)3·24H2O
  • Potassium aluminium fluoride – KAlF4
  • Potassium borate – K2B4O7•4H2O
  • Potassium bromide – KBr
  • Potassium calcium chloride – KCaCl3
  • Potassium carbonate – K2CO3
  • Potassium chlorate – KClO3
  • Potassium chloride – KCl
  • Potassium cyanide – KCN
  • Potassium ferrioxalate – K3[Fe(C2O4)3]
  • Potassium hydrogencarbonate – KHCO3
  • Potassium hydrogen fluoride – HF2K
  • Potassium hydroxide – KOH
  • Potassium iodide – KI
  • Potassium iodidate – KIO3
  • Potassium monopersulfate – K2SO4·KHSO4·2KHSO5
  • Potassium nitrate – KNO3
  • Potassium perbromate – KBrO4
  • Potassium perchlorate – KClO4
  • Potassium permanganate – KMnO4
  • Potassium sulfate – K2SO4
  • Potassium sulfide – K2S
  • Potassium titanyl phosphate – KTiOPO4
  • Potassium vanadate – KVO3
  • Praseodymium(III) chloride – PrCl3
  • Protonated molecular hydrogen – H3+
  • Prussian blue (Iron(III) hexacyanoferrate(II)) – Fe4[Fe(CN)6]3
  • Pyrosulfuric acid – H2S2O7

Chemical Compounds name starts from “R:

  • Radium chloride – RaCl2
  • Radon difluoride – RnF2
  • Rhodium(III) chloride – RhCl3
  • Rubidium bromide – RbBr
  • Rubidium chloride – RbCl
  • Rubidium fluoride – RbF
  • Rubidium hydroxide – RbOH
  • Rubidium iodide – RbI
  • Rubidium nitrate – RbNO3
  • Rubidium oxide – Rb2O
  • Rubidium telluride – Rb2Te
  • Ruthenium(VIII) oxide – RuO4

Chemical Compounds name starts from “S”:

  • Samarium(II) iodide – SmI2
  • Samarium(III) chloride – SmCl3
  • Scandium(III) triflate – Sc(OSO2CF3)3
  • Scandium(III) chloride – ScCl3 and hydrate
  • Scandium(III) fluoride – ScF3
  • Scandium(III) nitrate – Sc(NO3)3
  • Scandium(III) oxide – Sc2O3
  • Selenic acid – H2SeO4
  • Selenious acid – H2SeO3
  • Selenium trioxide – SeO3
  • Selenium tetrafluoride – SeF4
  • Selenium hexafluoride – SeF6
  • Selenium hexasulfide – Se2S6
  • Selenium tetrachloride – SeCl4
  • Selenium dioxide – SeO2
  • Selenium disulfide – SeS2
  • Selenium oxydichloride – SeOCl2
  • Selenium oxybromide – SeOBr2
  • Selenoyl fluoride – SeO2F2
  • Samarium(III) chloride – SmCl3
  • Scandium(III) triflate – Sc(OSO2CF3)3
  • Scandium(III) chloride – ScCl3 and hydrate
  • Scandium(III) fluoride – ScF3
  • Scandium(III) nitrate – Sc(NO3)3
  • Scandium(III) oxide – Sc2O3
  • Silane – SiH4
  • Silica gel – SiO2·nH2O
  • Silicic acid – [SiOx(OH)4-2x]n
  • Silicon tetrabromide – SiBr4
  • Silicon carbide – SiC
  • Silicochloroform, Trichlorosilane – Cl3HSi
  • Silicofluoric acid – H2SiF6
  • Silicon dioxide – SiO2
  • Silicon tetrachloride – SiCl4
  • Silicon monoxide – SiO
  • Silicon nitride – Si3N4
  • Silver azide – AgN3
  • Silver bromate – AgBrO3
  • Silver bromide – AgBr
  • Silver chloride – AgCl
  • Silver chlorate – AgClO3
  • Silver chromate – Ag2CrO4
  • Silver(I) fluoride – AgF
  • Silver(II) fluoride – AgF2
  • Silver subfluoride – Ag2F
  • Silver fluoroborate – AgBF4
  • Silver fulminate – AgCNO
  • Silver hydroxide – AgOH
  • Silver iodide – AgI
  • Silver nitrate – AgNO3
  • Silver nitride – Ag3N
  • Silver oxide – Ag2O
  • Silver orthophosphate – Ag3PO4
  • Silver perchlorate – AgClO4
  • Silver sulfide – Ag2S
  • Silver sulfate – Ag2SO4
  • Silver tio sulfate – Ag…
  • Soda lime –
  • Sodamide – NaNH2
  • Sodium aluminate – NaAlO2
  • Sodium azide – NaN3
  • Sodium borohydride – NaBH4
  • Sodium bromide – NaBr
  • Sodium bromite – NaBrO2
  • Sodium bromate – NaBrO3
  • Sodium perbromate – NaBrO4
  • Sodium hypobromite – NaBrO
  • Sodium borate – Na2B4O7
  • Sodium perborate – NaBO3.nH2O
  • Sodium carbonate – Na2CO3
  • Sodium carbide – Na2C2
  • Sodium chloride – NaCl
  • Sodium chlorite – NaClO2
  • Sodium chlorate – NaClO3
  • Sodium perchlorate – NaClO4
  • Sodium cyanide – NaCN
  • Sodium cyanate – NaCNO
  • Sodium dioxide – NaO2
  • Sodium ferrocyanide – Na4Fe(CN)6
  • Sodium hydride – NaH
  • Sodium hydrogen carbonate (Sodium bicarbonate) – NaHCO3
  • Sodium hydrosulfide – NaSH
  • Sodium hydroxide – NaOH
  • Sodium hypochlorite – NaOCl
  • Sodium iodide – NaI
  • Sodium iodate – NaIO3
  • Sodium periodate – NaIO4
  • Sodium hypoiodite – NaIO
  • Sodium monofluorophosphate (MFP) – Na2PFO3
  • Sodium molybdate – Na2MoO4
  • Sodium manganate – Na2MnO4
  • Sodium nitrate – NaNO3
  • Sodium nitrite – NaNO2
  • Sodium oxide – Na2O
  • Sodium percarbonate – 2Na2CO3.3H2O2
  • Sodium phosphate; see Trisodium phosphate – Na3PO4
  • Sodium hypophosphite – NaPO2H2
  • Sodium nitroprusside – Na2[Fe(CN)5NO].2H2O
  • Sodium persulfate – Na2S2O8
  • Sodium peroxide – Na2O2
  • Sodium perrhenate – NaReO4
  • Sodium permanganate – NaMnO4
  • Sodium persulfate – Na2S2O8
  • Sodium selenite – Na2SeO3
  • Sodium selenate – Na2O4Se
  • Sodium selenide – Na2Se
  • Sodium biselenide – NaHSe
  • Sodium silicate – Na2SiO3
  • Sodium sulfate – Na2SO4
  • Sodium sulfide – Na2S
  • Sodium sulfite – Na2SO3
  • Sodium tellurite – Na2TeO3
  • Sodium tungstate – Na2WO4
  • Sodium thioantimoniate – Na3(SbS4).9H2O
  • Sodium thiocyanate – NaSCN
  • Sodium thiocyanate – Na2S2O3
  • Sodium uranate – Na2O7U2
  • Stannous chloride (tin(II) chloride) – SnCl2
  • Stibine – SbH3
  • Strontium carbonate – SrCO3
  • Strontium chloride – SrCl2
  • Strontium hydroxide – Sr(OH)2
  • Strontium nitrate – Sr(NO3)2
  • Strontium oxide – SrO
  • Strontium titanate – SrTiO3
  • Sulfamic acid – H3NO3S
  • Sulfane – H2S
  • Sulfur dioxide – SO2
  • Sulfur tetrafluoride – SF4
  • Sulfur hexafluoride – SF6
  • Disulfur decafluoride – S2F10
  • Sulfuric acid – H2SO4
  • Sulfurous acid – H2SO3
  • Sulfuryl chloride – SO2Cl2

Chemical Compounds name starts from “T”:

  • Tantalum carbide – TaC
  • Tantalum(V) oxide – Ta2O5
  • Telluric acid – H6TeO6
  • Tellurium dioxide – TeO2
  • Tellurium tetrachloride – TeCl4
  • Tellurous acid – H2TeO3
  • Terbium(III) chloride – TbCl3
  • Tetraborane(10) – B4H10
  • Tetrachloroauric acid – AuCl3
  • Tetrafluorohydrazine – N2F4
  • Tetramminecopper(II) sulfate – [Cu(NH3)4]SO4
  • Tetrasulfur tetranitride – S4N4
  • Thallium(I) carbonate – Tl2CO3
  • Thallium(I) fluoride – TlF
  • Thallium(III) oxide – Tl2O3
  • Thallium(III) sulfate – Tl2(SO4)2
  • Thionyl chloride – SOCl2
  • Thiophosgene – CSCl2
  • Thiophosphoryl chloride – Cl3PS
  • Thorium dioxide – ThO2
  • Thortveitite – (Sc,Y)2Si2O7
  • Thulium(III) chloride – TmCl3
  • Tin(II) chloride – SnCl2
  • Tin(II) fluoride – SnF2
  • Tin(IV) chloride – SnCl4
  • Titanium boride – TiB2
  • Titanium carbide – TiC
  • Titanium dioxide (titanium(IV) oxide) – TiO2
  • Titanium dioxide (B) (titanium(IV) oxide) – TiO2
  • Titanium nitride – TiN
  • Titanium(IV) bromide (titanium tetrabromide) – TiBr4
  • Titanium(IV) chloride (titanium tetrachloride) – TiCl4
  • Titanium(III) chloride – TiCl3
  • Titanium(II) chloride – TiCl2
  • Titanium(IV) iodide (titanium tetraiodide) – TiI4
  • Trifluoromethylisocyanide – C2NF3
  • Trifluoromethanesulfonic acid – CF3SO3H
  • Trimethylphosphine – C3H9P
  • Trioxidane – H2O3
  • Tripotassium phosphate – K3PO4
  • Trisodium phosphate – Na3PO4
  • Triuranium octaoxide (pitchblende or yellowcake) – U3O8
  • Tungsten carbide – WC
  • Tungsten(VI) chloride – WCl6
  • Tungsten(VI) Fluoride – WF6
  • Tungstic acid – H2WO4
  • Tungsten hexacarbonyl – W(CO)6

Chemical Compounds name starts from “U”:

  • Uranium hexafluoride – UF6
  • Uranium pentafluoride – UF5
  • Uranium tetrachloride – UCl4
  • Uranium tetrafluoride – UF4
  • Uranyl carbonate – UO2CO3
  • Uranyl chloride – UO2Cl2
  • Uranyl fluoride – UO2F2
  • Uranyl hydroxide – UO2(OH)2
  • Uranyl hydroxide – (UO2)2(OH)4
  • Uranyl nitrate – UO2(NO3)2
  • Uranyl sulfate – UO2SO4

Chemical Compounds name starts from “V”:

  • Vanadium carbide – VC
  • Vanadium oxytrichloride (Vanadium(V) oxide trichloride) – VOCl3
  • Vanadium(IV) chloride – VCl4
  • Vanadium(II) chloride – VCl2
  • Vanadium(II) oxide – VO
  • Vanadium(III) nitride – VN
  • Vanadium(III) bromide – VBr3
  • Vanadium(III) chloride – VCl3
  • Vanadium(III) fluoride – VF3
  • Vanadium(IV) fluoride – VF4
  • Vanadium(III) oxide – V2O3
  • Vanadium(IV) oxide – VO2
  • Vanadium(IV) sulfate – VOSO4
  • Vanadium(V) oxide – V2O5

Chemical Compounds name starts from “W”:

  • Water – H2O

Chemical Compounds name starts from “X”:

  • Xenon difluoride – XeF2
  • Xenon hexafluoroplatinate – Xe[PtF6]
  • Xenon tetrafluoride – XeF4
  • Xenon tetroxide – XeO4
  • Xenic acid – H2XeO4

Chemical Compounds name starts from “Y”:

  • Ytterbium(III) chloride – YbCl3
  • Ytterbium(III) oxide – Yb2O3
  • Yttrium(III) antimonide – YSb
  • Yttrium(III) arsenide – YAs
  • Yttrium(III) bromide – YBr3
  • Yttrium aluminium garnet – Y3Al5O12
  • Yttrium barium copper oxide – YBa2Cu3O7
  • Yttrium(III) fluoride – YF3
  • Yttrium iron garnet – Y3Fe5O12
  • Yttrium(III) oxide – Y2O3
  • Yttrium(III) sulfide – Y2S3
  • Yttrium copper – YCu
  • Yttrium silver – YAg
  • Yttrium gold – YAu
  • Yttrium rhodium – YRh
  • Yttrium iridium – YIr
  • Yttrium zinc – YZn
  • Yttrium cadmium – YCd
  • Yttrium magnesium – YMg

Chemical Compounds name starts from “Z”:

  • Zinc bromide – ZnBr2
  • Zinc carbonate – ZnCO3
  • Zinc chloride – ZnCl2
  • Zinc cyanide – Zn(CN)2
  • Zinc fluoride – ZnF2
  • Zinc iodide – ZnI2
  • Zinc oxide – ZnO
  • Zinc selenide – ZnSe
  • Zinc sulfate – ZnSO4
  • Zinc sulfide – ZnS
  • Zinc telluride – ZnTe
  • Zirconia hydrate – ZrO2·nH2O
  • Zirconium carbide – ZrC
  • Zirconium(IV) chloride – ZrCl4
  • Zirconium nitride – ZrN
  • Zirconium hydroxide – Zr(OH)4
  • Zirconium(IV) oxide – ZrO2
  • Zirconium orthosilicate – ZrSiO4
  • Zirconium tetrahydroxide – H4O4Zr
  • Zirconium tungstate – ZrW2O8
Print Friendly, PDF & Email

2 thoughts on “Chemical Compounds, their Common Names, Formulas & Uses | Download PDF

Leave a Reply