GA Study Notes On Grasslands of World : SSC CGL
Grasslands are areas where the vegetation is dominated by grasses (Poaceae), however, sedge (Cyperaceae) and rush (Juncaceae) families can also be found. Grasslands occur naturally on all continents except Antarctica. There are different grasslands namely Temperate grasslands, savannas and shrublands.
Grasslands are known by different names in different parts of the world: –
‘Steppes‘ in Asia;
‘Prairies‘ in North America;
‘Pampas‘, ‘LIanos’ and ‘Cerrados’ in South America;
‘Savannahs‘ and ‘Velds’ in Africa; and
‘Rangelands‘ in Australia.
Grasslands in the southern hemisphere tend to get more precipitation than those in the northern hemisphere. Some grasses grow more than 7 feet (2 meters) and have roots extending several feet into the soil. Read about the Top 10 Grasslands Of The World
Tropical grasslands are warm year round, but usually, have a dry and a rainy season.One such tropical grassland, the African savanna.
Temperate grasslands which receive average between 10 and 30 inches (25 and 75 centimetres) of rain per year, have shorter grasses, sometimes just a few millimetres.
Major Grasslands and Location
- Dawns Australia
- Pampas South America
- Prairies North America
- Savana Africa and Australia
- Selvas South America
- Steppes Europe and Northern Asia
- Taiga Europe and Asia
- Velds South Africa
- Lianos Venezuala (S. America)
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