Wonders of the World

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This article is about natural and constructed phenomena and structures of the world. For other uses of “Wonders of the World”. Various lists of the Wonders of the World have been compiled from antiquity to the present day, to catalogue the world’s most spectacular natural wonders and manmade structures.

The historian Herodotus (484 – ca. 425 BC) and the scholar Callimachus of Cyrene (ca. 305–240 BC), at the Museum of Alexandria, made early lists of seven wonders. Their writings have not survived, except as references.

Seven Wonders of the Ancient World:

  1. Hanging Garden of Babylon  
  2. Temple of Diana at Ephesus (Rome)  
  3. Statue of Jupiter at Olympia  
  4. Pyramids of Egypt
  5. Mausoleum of Mausolus (Ruler of Halicarnassus )
  6. Light House of Alexandria
  7. The Colossus of Rhodes 

Seven Wonders of the Medieval World

  1. Great Wall of China
  2. Porcelain Tower of Nanjing (China)
  3. Colosseum of Rome (Italy)
  4. Stonehenge of England
  5. Leaning Tower of Pisa (Italy)
  6. Catacombs of Alexandria
  7. Mosque at St. Sophia (Constantinople) 

Seven Old Wonders of the World

  1. The Sphinx, near Gizeh (Giza) in Egypt
  2. The Catacombs at Rome
  3. The Circus Maximus at Rome
  4. The Taj Mahal at Agra (India)
  5. Angkor vat Temple in Cambodia
  6. The Alhambra at Granada in S. Spain
  7. Shew Dragon Pagoda or the Golden Pagoda at Yangon in Myanmar 

Seven New Wonders of the World:

As declared on July 7, 2007, by New Open World Corporation of Switzerland, at a grand ceremony organised in ‘Stadia da Lutz, Benfica Stadium in Lisbon (Portugal).

  1.  The Taj Mahal, Agra, India
  2.  The Great Wall of China, China
  3.  The Pink Ruins of Petra, Jordan
  4.  The Statue of Christ the Redeemer, Brazil
  5.  Incan Ruins of Machu Pichu, Peru
  6.  The Ancient Mayan City of Chichen Itza, Mexico
  7.  The Colosseum of Rome, Italy 

Seven Wonders of the Underwater World

The Seven Underwater Wonder of the World was a list drawn up by CEDAM International, an American-based non-profit group for divers, dedicated to ocean preservation and research.

In 1989 CEDAM brought together a panel of marine scientists, including Dr Eugenie Clark, to pick underwater areas which they considered to be worthy of protection. The results were announced at The National Aquarium in Washington DC by actor Lloyd Bridges, star of TV’s Sea Hunt.

  • Palau
  • Belize Barrier Reef
  • Great Barrier Reef
  • Deep-Sea Vents
  • Galápagos Islands
  • Lake Baikal
  • Northern Red Sea

Seven Wonders of the Industrial World:

British author Deborah Cadbury wrote Seven Wonder of the Industrial World, a book telling the stories of seven great feats of engineering of the 19th and early 20th centuries. In 2003, the BBC aired a seven-part docudrama exploring the same feats, with Cadbury as a producer. Each episode dramatised the construction of one of the following industrial wonders.

  1. SS Great Eastern
  2. Bell Rock Lighthouse
  3. Brooklyn Bridge
  4. London sewerage system
  5. First Transcontinental Railroad
  6. Panama Canal
  7. Hoover Dam

Seven Wonders of the Solar System:

In a 1999 article, Astronomy magazine listed the “Seven Wonder of the Solar System”. This article was later made into a video.

  • Enceladus, a moon of Saturn
  • The Great red spot of Jupiter
  • The Asteroid belt
  • The surface of the Sun
  • The Oceans of Earth
  • The Rings of Saturn
  • Olympus Mons on Mars

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