National Symbols of India

The significance of Indian National Symbols:

The national animal of India is a tiger and it symbolizes power. The national flower is lotus and it symbolizes purity. The national tree, banyan symbolizes immortality. The national bird, peacock symbolizes elegance and the national fruit, mango symbolizes the tropical climate of India. Similarly, our national song and national anthem were a source of inspiration during the freedom struggle. The national emblem of India depicts four lions standing back to back, symbolizing power, courage, pride and confidence. Hockey was at its peak when it was adopted as the national game of India.

List of National Symbols of India:

 

NATIONAL ANTHEM OF INDIA: 

NATIONAL ANTHEM OF INDIA 
NATIONAL ANTHEM OF INDIA
  • The National Anthem of India ‘Jana-Gana-mana’, composed originally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950.

 

  • It was first sung on 27 December 1911 at the Kolkata Session of the Indian National Congress

 

  • The complete song consists of five stanzas. The first stanza contains the full version of the National Anthem

 

  • Playing time of the full version of the national anthem is approximately 52 seconds. A short version consisting of the first and last lines of the stanza (playing time approximately 20 seconds) is also played on certain occasions

 

NATIONAL SONG OF INDIA:

NATIONAL SONG OF INDIA
NATIONAL SONG OF INDIA
  • The first two verses of song “Vande Mataram”, composed in Sanskrit by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was adopted as the National song of India in 1950

 

  • “Vande Mataram” was first sung during the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress by Rabindranath Tagore

 

  • The song was a part of Bankimchandra’s most famous novel Anand Math (1882)

 

NATIONAL CALENDAR of INDIA: 

THE INDIAN NATIONAL CALENDAR 
THE INDIAN NATIONAL CALENDAR
  • India has two calendars: the Saka calendar and the Vikram Savant calendar.

 

  • This is the nation’s civil calendar which is used for functions such as planning civil events, announcing national holidays, and arranging the term times for schools and universities.

 

  • Newspapers may use either one of the two calendars, or both together, and different regions of India may favour one or the other calendar.

 

  • Saka calendar was introduced as the national calendar by the calendar committee in 1957.

 

NATIONAL ANIMAL OF INDIA:

The Indian National Animal
The Indian National Animal
  • The tiger known as the bird of the jungle is the national animal of India.

 

  • The Bengal Tiger was declared as the national animal of India in April 1973.

 

  • Prior to this, the lion was the national animal of India.

 

NATIONAL BIRD OF INDIA:

National Bird Of India
National Bird Of India
  • The peacock, commonly known as Indian peafowl was declared the national bird of India in 1963

 

  • Peacock is considered a vehicle of the Lord Muruga in Hinduism and symbol of “Resurrection” in the Christianity.

 

  • It symbolizes prettiness, pride and holiness.

 

  • Peacocks have their own religious significance and given protection on parliamentary decree under the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

  • Another reason why the peacock was chosen as the national bird was that of its presence across the country so that even common people.

 

NATIONAL FLOWER OF INDIA:

National Flower Of India
National Flower Of India
  • Lotus (botanical name is Nelumbo nucifera) is a sacred Indian flower has been adopted as the national flower of India.

 

  • It symbolizes the fertility, knowledge, prosperity, honour, long life, good fortune, purity of heart and mind.

 

  • Able to float delicately on the water and to live for many, many decades, lotuses can have roots that are several feet long.

 

  • It is the flower of goddess Laxmi and symbolises wealth.

 

  • The lotus flower remains untouched from impurity.

 

NATIONAL FRUIT OF INDIA: 

NATIONAL FRUIT OF INDIA 
NATIONAL FRUIT OF INDIA
  • Mango (botanical name is Mangifera indica) fruit is called as the king of all fruits.

 

  • It is cultivated in almost all regions of India.

 

  • It is the rich source of vitamin A, C and D provides various health benefits to the people.

 

  • It is considered that almost 1 lac of mangoes tree was planted in Lakhi Bagh by the great Mughal emperor.

 

  • An International Mango Festival is held every year in Delhi

 

NATIONAL FLAG OF INDIA:

National Flag Of India
National Flag Of India
  • It was adopted on 22 July 1947 during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly.

 

  • It is also called as tricolor.

 

  • The flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya.

 

  • The national flag of India is horizontal rectangular in shape and has three colours – deep saffron, white and green with Ashoka chakra at its centre.

 

  • Ashoka chakra is also called Wheel of Law.

 

NATIONAL EMBLEM OF INDIA:

National Emblem Of India
National Emblem Of India
  • Asoka at Sarnath has been adopted by the Indian Government as the National Emblem of India.

 

  • It was adopted on the 26th of January in 1950 when India became a Republic.

 

  • It is taken from Mundaka Upanishad which is a part of sacred Hindu Vedas.

 

  • This graphic representation was originally placed by Emperor Ashoka in 250 BCE at the Buddhist site.

 

  • Emblem of India symbolizes power, courage, pride, and confidence.

 

  • There are a horse and a bull on each side of the Wheel.

 

  • The State Emblem of India Act, 2005 regulates and restricts the usage of Emblem.

 

  • The original Lion Capital of Asoka is preserved in the Varanasi at Sarnath Museum.

 

NATIONAL GAME OF INDIA:

National Game Of India
National Game Of India
  • In spite of cricket’s huge popularity in India, hockey is still the national game of India.

 

  • The game has seen a golden era during 1928-1956 when India won 6 consecutive gold medals in the Olympics.

 

  • At that time India had played 24 Olympic matches and won all of them.

 

  • Dhyan Chand was the best Indian hockey player of all time.

 

  • He is still remembered for his extraordinary goal-scoring accomplishments.

 

THE NATIONAL TREE OF INDIA:

National Tree of India
National Tree Of India
  • Indian banyan tree (botanical name Ficus bengalensis) has been adopted as the national tree of India.

 

  • There is a tradition of worshipping this tree especially by the married Hindu women wishing a long and happy married life.

 

  • At that time India had played 24 Olympic matches and won all of them.

 

  • The Banyan tree also gives shelter to many different kinds of animals and birds.

 

  • The tree is also known as Kalpavriksha, which means ‘wish fulfilling tree’.

 

NATIONAL RIVER OF INDIA

National River Of India
National River Of India
  • The Ganges or Ganga is the national river of India.

 

  • Ganga is the most sacred and longest river of India.

 

  • According to the Hindus, this is the most sacred river on the earth.

 

  • It is worshipped as the Goddess by the people of Hindu religion and its sacred water is used at many important occasions. The origin of Ganga river is as the Bhagirathi.
  • River in the snowfields of Gangotri Glacier in the Himalayas.

 

  • The Indian cities which are famous for this river are Varanasi, Allahabad and Haridwar.

 

  • It is counted as the third largest river by discharge and empties into the Bay of Bengal, the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean.

 

NATIONAL CURRENCY OF INDIA

National Currency Of India
National Currency Of India
  • The Ganges or Ganga is the national river of India. Ganga is the most sacred and longest river of India.

 

  • According to the Hindus, this is the most sacred river on the earth.

 

  • The Reserve Bank of India controls the issue of the Indian currency.

 

  • The coins in India with rupee symbol was launched on the 8th of July in 2011

NATIONAL AQUATIC ANIMAL OF INDIA:

NATIONAL AQUATIC ANIMAL OF INDIA
NATIONAL AQUATIC ANIMAL OF INDIA
  • Gangetic dolphin (the zoological name is Platanista Gangetica) has been adopted as the national aquatic animal.

 

  • Survives only in the pure and fresh water.

 

  • It has no lens in its eyes. The river dolphin is essentially blind and lives only in freshwater.

 

  • Generally, it is found in the rivers like Ganges, Meghna and Brahmaputra in India, Bhutan, Bangladesh (Karnaphuli River), Nepal, etc.

 

  • It is considered one of the oldest creatures in the world.

 

NATIONAL DAYS OF INDIA:

National Days of India
National Days Of India
  • Independence Day, Gandhi Jayanti and Republic day of India has been declared as the national days of India.

 

  • Independence day is celebrated on the 15th of August every year.

 

  • Republic day of India is celebrated on 26th of January every year because at this day the Indian Constitution came into force on 26th of January in 1950.

 

  • Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated every year on 2nd of October to celebrate the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

NATIONAL INSECT OF INDIA:

National Insect of India
National Insect Of India
  • Papilionidae or the swallowtails. This family of large and beautiful butterflies is well represented with about 84 species found within Indian borders.

 

  • Swallowtail butterflies are large, colourful butterflies in the family Papilionidae, and include over 550 species.

 

  • The forked appearance of the swallowtails’ hindwings, which can be seen when the butterfly is resting with its wings spread, gave rise to the common name swallowtail.

 

  • The genera of extant swallowtails are usually classified into three subfamilies, Baroniinae, Parnassiinae, and Papilioninae, the latter two being further divided into tribes. In swallowtails, besides morphological characteristics, the choice of food plants and ecological lifestyle reflect phylogeny and classification.

 

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