Important Events of Indian History

Here we are providing the List of Important Dates of Indian History which will be asked in Competitive Exams under General Awareness. This post will give you information about all the List of Important Dates of Indian History starting from Indus Valley Civilization to Mahatma Gandhi Assassination which will be helpful for your upcoming SSC Junior Engineer, SSC CGL, SSC MTS, RBI Assistant, PSC exams.

List of Important Events of Indian History:

Year Event Importance
2 Million BC to 10,00 BC Paleolithic Period Fire was discovered
2 Million BC to 50,000 BC Lower Palaeolithic Tools made of limestones were used. They are found in Chotanagpur plateau and Kurnool district
50,000 BC to 40,000 BC Middle Palaeolithic
40,000 BC to 10,000 BC Upper Palaeolithic
From 10,000 BC The Mesolithic Age Hunters and Herders
Microlith tools were used
7000 BC The Neolithic age Food producers
Use of polished tools
Pre-Harappan Phase – 3000 BC Chalcolithic Age Use of Copper – first metal
2500 BC Harappan Phase Bronze age civilization, development of Urban culture
1500 BC-1000 BC Early vedic period Rig veda period
1000BC-500BC Later vedic period Growth of 2nd Urban phase with establishment of Mahajanapadhas
600 BC – 325 BC Mahajanapadhas 16 kingdoms with certain republics established
544 BC – 412 BC Haryanka Dynasty Bimbisara, Ajatshatru and Udayin
412 BC – 342 BC Shisunga Dynasty Shisunga and Kalashoka
344BC – 323 BC Nanda Dynasty Mahapadmananda
563 BC Birth of Gautama Buddha Buddhism established
540 BC Birth of Mahavira 24th Tirtankara of Jainism
518 BC Persian Invasion Darius
483 BC 1st Buddhist council Rajgir
383 BC 2nd Buddhist Council Vaishali
326 BC Macedonian Invasion Direct contact between Greek and India
250 BC 3rd Buddhist council Pataliputra
322 BC – 185 BC Mauryan Period Political unification of India, Dhamma policy of Ashoka, growth of Art and architecture
322 BC – 298 BC Chandragupta Maurya
298 BC – 273 BC Bindusara
273 BC – 232 BC Ashoka
232 BC – 185 BC Later Mauryans
185 BC – 73 BC Sunga Dynasty Pushyamitra Sunga
73 BC – 28 BC Kanva dynasty Vasudeva founded the dynasty
60 BC – 225 AD Sathavahana dynasty Capital at Paithan, MH
2nd BC Indo-Greeks Menander(165-145AD)
1st BC – 4th AD The Shakas Rudradaman (130 AD – 150 AD)
1st BC – 1st AD The Parthians St Thomas arrived in India during the reign of Gondophernes
1st AD -4th AD The Kushans Kanishka (78 AD – 101 AD)
98 AD 4th Buddhist Council Kashmir
3rd BC – 3rd AD Sangam age Convene of Sangam Commune, Rule of Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas
319 AD – 540 AD The Gupta Age 319 AD – Gupta Age
319 – 334 AD Chandragupta I Golden age of India
335 – 380 AD Samudragupta Development of numerous art and literature.
380 – 414 AD Chandragupta II Nagara style of Temple Building
415 – 455 AD Kumaragupta
455 – 467 AD Skandagupta
550 AD – 647 AD Vardhana Dynasty Harsha (606-647 AD)
Kannauj assembly and Prayag assembly held
Huan-Tsang visited Harsha’s assembly
543 – 755 AD Chalukyas of Vatapi Development of Vesera style
575 – 897 AD Pallavas of Kanchi Structural temples in Dravida style started to develop
Medieval India
Early Medieval Period (650 – 1206 AD)
Year Event Importance
750 – 1150 AD Rule of the Palas Capital at Munger, Bihar
752 – 973 AD The Rasthrakutas Capital at Malkhed
730 – 1036 AD The Pratiharas Ruled the western India
712 AD First Muslim Invasion Mahmud Bin Qasim invaded India
850 – 1279 AD The Cholas Capital at Tanjore, epitome moment for Dravidian Architecture
998 – 1030 AD First Turk invasion Mahmud of Ghazni
1175 – 1206 AD Second Turk invasion Mahmud of Ghori
1178 – 1192 AD Pritviraj Chauhan First battle of Tarain in 1191 between Prithviraj and Mahmud of Ghori
1192, Second battle of Tarain
The Sultanate Period (1206 – 1526 AD)
The Slave Dynasty
Year Event Importance
1206 – 1210 AD Qutbuddin Aibak Known as Lal Bakhsh, began the construction of Qutb Minar
1211 – 1236 AD Shamsuddin Iltumish Real founder of Delhi sultanate
1236 – 1240 AD Razia Sultana First and only muslim lady who ever ruled India
1240 – 1266 AD Weak successors
1266 – 1287 AD Ghiyasuddin Balban Established Diwan-i-Arz
The Khalji Dynasty
Year Events Importance
1290 – 1296 AD Jalaludin Khalji Founder of Khalji dynasty
1296 – 1316 AD Allaudin Khalji Did many administrative reforms, introduced the Dagh and Chehra system
The Tuglaq dynasty
Year Events Importance
1320 – 1325 AD Ghiyasuddin Tuglaq Founder
1325 – 1351 AD Mohammed-Bin-Tuglaq Introduction of administrative reforms and certain ambitious projects
1351 – 1388 AD Firoz Shah Tuglaq Built great cities
1398 – 1399 AD Taimur Invasion Taimur, the descendant of Chengiz Khan, invaded during the reign of Muhammad Shah Tuglaq
The Sayyid dynasty 1414 – 1450 AD
The Lodhi Dynasty (1451 – 1526 AD)
Year Events Importance
1451 – 1488 AD Bahlol Lodhi Founder of Lodhi dynasty
1489 – 1517 AD Sikander Lodhi Founded the city of Agra
1517 – 1526 AD Ibrahim Lodhi Babur defeated Lodhi in the first battle of Panipat
Vijaynagar and Bahmani Kingdoms
Vijaynagar Kingdom
Year Events Importance
1336 – 1485 AD Sangama Dynasty Founded by Harihara and Bukka
1485 – 1505 AD Saluva Dynasty Saluva Narasgima
1505 – 1570 AD Tuluva Dynasty Veer Narashima
1509 – 1529 AD Krishna deva raya A gifted Scholar, contemporary of Babur
1570 – 1650 AD Aravidu Dynasty Founded by Tirumala
Bahmani Kingdom
Year Events Importance
1347 – 1358 AD Alaudin Hasan Bahman Shah Founded the Bahmani Kingdom at Gulbarga
1397 – 1422 AD Tajuddin Firoz Shah
1422 – 1435 AD Ahmad Shah Wali
Mughal Empire
1526 – 1530 AD Babur Founder of Mughal empire after the 1stBattle of Panipat
1530 – 1540 AD Humayun He was defeated by Sher Shah
1555 – 1556 AD
1540 – 1555 AD Sur Empire Sher Shah defeated Humayun and ruled from 1540-45 AD
1556 2nd Battle of Panipat Akbar Vs. Hemu
1556 – 1605 AD Akbar Established Din-i-illahi, expanded Mughal empire
1605 – 1627 AD Jehangir Captain William Hawkins and Sir Thomas Roe visited Mughal court
1628 -1658 AD Shahjahan The pinnacle of Mughal empire and art and architecture
1658 – 1707 AD Aurangazeb Beginning of the decline of Mughal empire
1707 – 1857 AD Later Mughals Decline and disintegration of Mughal empire with gaining strength of the British
Maratha State and Maratha Confederacy
Maratha state 1674 – 1720 AD
Year Events Importance
1674 – 1680 AD Shivaji Contemporary of Aurangazeb and the biggest challenge for the Mughals in Deccan
1680 – 1689 AD Sambhaji
1689 – 1700 AD Rajaram
1700 – 1707 AD Tarabai
1707 – 1749 AD Shahu The rise of Peshwas
1713 – 1720 AD Balaji Vishwanath The first Peshwa
Maratha Confederacy 1720 – 1818 AD
1720 – 1740 AD Baji Rao I
1740 – 1761 AD Balaji Baji Rao
1761 AD Third battle of Panipat Defeat of Marathas by Ahmad shah Abdali
1761 – 1818 AD Later successors
Anglo Maratha Wars
1775 – 1782 AD 1st Anglo Maratha War British were defeated
1803 – 1806 AD 2nd War Marathas were defeated and they signed the Subsidiary alliance
1817 – 1818 AD 3rd War Marathas were decisively defeated
Modern India
Bengal
Year Events Importance
1717 – 1727 AD Murshid Quli Khan Capital of Bengal transferred to Murshidabad
1727 – 1739 AD Shujauddin
1739 – 1740 AD Sarfaraj khan
1740 – 1756 AD Alivardi Khan
1756 – 1757 AD Sirajuddaulah Battle of Plassey
1757 – 1760 AD Mir Jafar
1760 – 1764 AD Mir Qasim Battle of Buxar
Mysore
Year Events Importance
1761 – 1782 AD Haider Ali Establishment of Modern Mysore state
1766 – 1769 AD 1st Anglo – Mysore war Haider ali defeated the British
1780 – 1784 AD 2nd Anglo – Mysore war Haider ali was defeated by Sir Eyrecoot
1782 – 1799 AD Tippu Sultan Continued the 2nd war
1790 – 1792 AD 3rd Anglo – Mysore war Tipu ceded half of his territory
1799 4th Anglo – Mysore war Tipu sultan died
Punjab
1792 – 1839 AD Maharaja Ranjit Singh Founder of Sikh rule
1845 – 1846 AD 1st Anglo – Sikh war Sikhs were defeated
1848 – 1849 AD 2nd Anglo – Sikh war Dalhousie annexed Punjab
Advent of Europeans in India
1498 Portuguese East India company Headquarters at Cochin and Goa
1600 English East India company Madras, Calcutta and Bombay
1602 Dutch East India company Pulicat, Nagapattinam
1616 Danish East India company Serampore
1664 French East India company Pondicherry
Carnatic wars
1746-48 1st Anglo-French war Treaty of Aix-la-chapelle
1749-54 2nd Anglo-French war Treaty of Pondicherry
1758-63 3rd Anglo-French war Treaty of Paris
Freedom Struggle
1857 First war of Indian independence Revolt due to socio-religious and economic causes
1885 Formation of Congress A O Hume
1885 – 1905 Moderate phase Dominated by Dadabai Naoroji, Surendranath Banerjea
1905 – 1917 Extremists Phase Dominated by Lal-Bal-Pal and Aurobindo Ghosh
1905 Bengal Partition Curzon announced the partition
1905 – 1908 Swadeshi movement Boycott of foreign products
1906 Muslim league formation
1906 Calcutta Session of INC Swaraj as the goal
1907 Surat split Question on extending the movement to the rest of India
1909 Morley – Minto reforms Separate electorate for Muslims
1915 – 1916 Home rule movement BG Tilak and Annie Besant
1916 Lucknow pact Pact between Congress and League
1916 Lucknow session Extremists admitted in Congress
Gandhian Era
Early life
1893 – 1914 Gandhi in South Africa Foundation of Natal Indian Congress, Sathyagraha and CDM against British excesses
1915 – 1948 Gandhi in India
1915 Arrived in Bombay. First two years to tour India and not to participate in any political movement
1917 Champaran Campaign Against the Indigo cultivators
1918 Ahmedabad First hunger strike
1918 Kheda First non-cooperation movement
1919 Rowlatt Sathyagraha Against the Rowlatt act and Jallianwala massacre
1920-22 Non-cooperation and Khilafat movement
1924 Belgaum session Gandhi elected as Congress president
1930 -34 Civil disobedience movement Dandi March
Gandhi – Irwin Pact
2nd Roundtable conference
Resuming the Civil disobedience movement
1940-41 Individual sathyagraha
1942 Quit India movement Do or die
Important Events during this period
1919 Rowlatt act Gandhi gave a call for Rowlatt satyagraha
1919 Jallianwala Massacre
1920-22 Khilafat and Non-cooperation movement Hindu Muslim unity
1922 Chauri Chaura incident Gandhi called off NCM
1923 Congress Khilafat Swaraj Party Enter legislative councils
1927 Simon commission All white commission to review the 1919 act
1928 Nehru committee report To determine the principles of the constitution
1929 Jinnah’s 14 points
1929 Lahore session Purna Swaraj
1930 Civil disobedience movement Dandi March
1931 Gandhi Irwin Pact To ask Gandhi participate in the 2ndRTC
1941 Escape of Subhash Chandra Bose from India and death of Rabindranath Tagore
1942 Arrival of Cripps Mission in India; Quit India Movement launched (August 8)
1943-1944 Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose forms provisional Azad Hind Fauj and Indian National Army; Bengal Famine
1945 Trial of Indian National Army at Red Fort; Shimla Conference; World War II ends
1946 British Cabinet Mission visits India; Interim government formed at centre
1947 Division of India; Indian and Pakistan separate independent dimensions
1948 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated (Jannuary 30); integration of princely states
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1941 Escape of Subhash Chandra Bose from India and death of Rabindranath Tagore
1942 Arrival of Cripps Mission in India; Quit India Movement launched (August 8)
1943-1944 Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose forms provisional Azad Hind Fauj and Indian National Army; Bengal Famine
1945 Trial of Indian National Army at Red Fort; Shimla Conference; World War II ends
1946 British Cabinet Mission visits India; Interim government formed at centre
1947 Division of India; Indian and Pakistan seperate independent dimensions
1948 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated (Jannuary 30); integration of princely states
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