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List of Bharat Ratna Award Winners 1954 – 2017 Benefits, Dispute & Important Facts

List of Bharat Ratna Award Winners 1954 - 2017 Benefits, Dispute & Important Facts

List of Bharat Ratna Award Winners 1954 – 2017 Benefits, Dispute & Important Facts

Important Awards:Bharat Ratna for SSC CGL and Other Govt. Exam, Bharat Ratna Award Information, Complete List of Bharat Ratna Award Recipients [Quick Facts & History], Bharat Ratna Award – General Awareness Questions and Answers, List of Bharat Ratna Award Winners SSC Exam Preparation, What is Bharat Ratna Award? List Of Bharat Ratna Awardees First Recipients of Important Awards in India, List of Important Civilian Awards – GK Notes for SSC & Bank Exams, General Knowledge for SSC Exams, Bharat Ratna Award Winners List | UPSC,IAS,IPS,SSC,NDA,IBPS, Bharat Ratna Award Winners In Hindi Pdf, Bharat Ratna Winners 2016, Bharat Ratna Winners 2017, Bharat Ratna Award Image, Bharat Ratna Award 2015, Bharat Ratna Award 2017 Winner, Bharat Ratna 2017 Winners List, Recently Awarded The Bharat Ratna?, In what shape is the medal of the Bharat Ratna award designed ?, What is the reason that Bharat Ratna award is designed like a Peepul Tree



What is  Bharat Ratna Award?

Bharat Ratna, the country’s highest civilian award instituted in 1954, is given in recognition of exceptional service, performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour. Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex is eligible for this award.



Dear Readers, when you look at the question papers of SSC CHSL, SSC CGL, SSC MTS, IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk, IBPS SO, LIC AAO, etc. you may find a lot of questions related to Important Civilian Awards. Questions based on Books and Authors form a part of the General Awareness section of many Govt. and Bank exams. The SSC CGL Exam 2017 also has many questions related to Bharat Ratna Award. But chances are that if a particular book was in news, then it can be in your SSC CGL, CHSL, MTS, etc. exam too.


List of Bharat Ratna Award recipients is a very important topic of General Awareness. Every year, questions are asked in various competitive exams like SSC Exams, IBPS Exams, Railway Exams etc. This article covers the complete details of Bharat Ratna and List of Bharat Ratna Award Recipients.


In what shape is the medal of the Bharat Ratna award designed ?


What is the reason that Bharat Ratna award is designed like a Peepul Tree

In the original specification of the award, the award was made in circular shape, a gold medal shaped 35mm in diameter and had devanagari inscription of Bharat Ratna with symbolic sign of sun. On the opposite side, the state emblem of India and motto was there.



15 Interesting facts and Information about Bharat Ratna Award You Should Know

• The recommendations for awarding the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President of India.

• The recommendations for awarding the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President of India.

• Any person is eligible for this award without any distinction of race, occupation, position or sex.

• The number of Bharat Ratna awards is restricted to a maximum of 3, for a particular year.

• It should be noted here that it’s not mandatory to award Bharat Ratna every year.

• The Bharat Ratna Awardee, on conferment, receives a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President of India and a medallion. The medallion has its base shape of sacred peepal leaf, it is rimmed in platinum.


• The Bharat Ratna award does not carries any monetary grant.

Rules & Regulations: This award cannot be used as a ‘prefix or suffix’ to the recipient’s name. However, a recipient of the award can state the folloeing with his name:o ‘Awarded Bharat Ratna by the President’ oro ‘Recipient of Bharat Ratna Award’.

• The first Indian to receive Bharat Ratna Award was the famous scientist, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman in 1954. He is also a Nobel prize winner.

• First three recipients of Bharat Ratna: In 1954, three remarkable Indians were awarded Bharat Ratna – C Rajgopalachari, S. Radhakrishnan and C.V.Raman.


• First posthumous Bharat Ratna: Lal Bahadur Shastri was the first Bharat Ratna recipient to be honoured posthumously in 1966.

• First Naturalised Citizen Bharat Ratna: Mother Teresa was the first naturalized Indian citizen to receive Bharat Ratna Award in 1980.


• Non-Indian Bharat Ratna Awardees: Two non indians have been awarded India’s highest civilian honour. Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan was awarded in 1987 and Nelson Mandela in 1990.

• In 2015, Educationist Madan Mohan Malviya and former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee are awarded the 44th and 45th Bharat Ratna Award respectively.



Bharat Ratna Awards: History and Significance


On 2nd January 1954, the President of India had announced two civilian awards: – Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award and three tier Padma Vibhushan award.


There is no formal provision that recipients of the Bharat Ratna should be Indian citizens. It has been awarded to a naturalized Indian citizen. List of Bharat Ratna Award Winners 1954 – 2017 Benefits, Dispute & Important Facts.


Initially, the “Bharat Ratna” award was conferred on only alive persons and the award was not intended to be given posthumous. That is why Mahatma Gandhi wasn’t awarded with this award to highlight his exceptional role in nation building. After January 1955, provision was made for issue of posthumous Bharat Ratna award.



Must to know facts about Bharat Ratna Award:

  • Bharat Ratna medal looks like a peepal leaf.
  • First Bharat Ratna was awarded to Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, Sir C.V. Raman, and Chakravarti Rajagopalachari in 1954.
  • Mother Teresa was the first naturalized Indian citizen of Bharat Ratna Award Winner in 1980.
  • Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1987) And Nelson Mandela (1990) are two non Indians of Bharat Ratna Award Winners.
  • Sachin Tendulkar is the first sportsperson and the youngest Bharat Ratna Award Winner.
  • Indira Gandhi was the first lady to be honored with Bharat Ratna Award.



Disputes related to Bharat Ratna Award


The Bharat Ratna has been surrounded by several controversies and multiple Public-Interest Litigations (PIL) had been filed against the conferral of the award.


1. Award to Subhash Chandra Bose: Posthumous Bharat Ratna Award to the Indian freedom fighter Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose in 1992 came into news for typical reasons. A Public Interest Litigation stalled everything and the award was forced to be withdrawn thereafter.



2. Award to Abdul Kalam Azad: The argument of this esteemed freedom fighter was that why should he receive it when he was one of the selection committee members of this award. He was awarded Bharat Ratna posthumously in 1992 for outstanding contributions.



3. Award to Sachin Tendulkar: When it was decided to confer Sachin Tendulkar with Bharat Ratna, one of the activists of RTI gave in writing to India’s Election Commission that such a declaration amounted to violation of code of conduct of the elections. In this petition, he opinioned that as Sachin had been nominated as an MP from Congress, if the Bharat Ratna were to be conferred on him.



Benefits to Bharat Ratna Awardee

The Bharat Ratna awardee receives a Sanad signed by the President of India and a medallion. This medallion is made by the India Government Mint in Kolkata. The benefits and facilities associated with Bharat Ratna award are:

1. Free first class flight journey anywhere in India.

2. Free first class train journey.

3. Pension equal to or 50% of Prime Minister of India’s salary.

4. Can attend the Parliament meetings and sessions.

5. Special Guest in Republic Day and Independence Day.

6. Status equal to VVIP.



List of Bharat Ratna Award Recipients

Following are the recipients of Bharat Ratna Awards from 1954 to 2017:


Bharat Ratna Winner List From 1954 To 2015


Name of the Awardees

Birth & Death

Awarded Year

About him/her Activity


Madan Mohan Malviya

1861 –1946


Scholar And Educational Reformer And Served As The Banaras Hindu University Vice-Chancellor From 1919 Till 1938.


Atal Bihari Vajpayee



Served As The Prime Minister Of India For Three Terms; 1996, 1998, 1999–2004.


Prof. C.N.R Rao



Honorary Doctorates From 63 Universities & Authored Around 1600 Research Papers And 48 Books.


Sachin Tendulkar



Sachin Tendulkar Had Played 664 International Cricket Matches In A Career & Made 30,000 Runs In Both Odi And Test Cricket


Bhimsen Joshi

1922 – 2011


Hindustani Classical Vocalist


Bismillah Khan

1916 –2006


Hindustani Classical Shehnai Player


Lata Mangeshkar



Nightingale Of India


Ravi Shankar

1920 –2012


Hindustani Classical Music


Gopinath Bordoloi (Posthumous)

1890 –1950


First Chief Minister Of Assam (1946–50) And


Professor Amartya Sen



Research On Several Topics Like Social Choice Theory, Ethics And Political Philosophy, Welfare Economics, Decision Theory And More


Jayaprakash Narayan (Posthumous)

1902 –1979


Total Revolution Movement And Independence Activist, Social Reformer


Shri Chidambaram Subramniam

1910 –2000


Independence Activist And Former Minister Of Agriculture Of India


Smt. Madurai Sanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi

1916 –2004


Carnatic Classical Vocalist


Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam



Aerospace And Defence Scientist


Smt. Aruna Asaf Ali (Posthumous)

1909 –1996


Quit India Movement In 1942 & Delhi’s First Mayor In 1958.


Shri Gulzarilal Nanda

1898 –1998


2 Times Interim Prime Minister Of India (1964, 1966) And Deputy Chairman Of The Planning Commission.


Shri Satyajit Ray

1922 –1992


For Bringing World Recognition To Indian Cinema In 1984


Shri Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata (J. R. D. Tata)

1904 –1993


Industrialist, Philanthropist, And Aviation Pioneer


Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (Posthumous)

1888 –1958


Independence Activist And First Minister Of Education


Shri Morarji Desai

1896 –1995


Independence Activist And 6th Prime Minister Of India In 1977–79


Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (Posthumous)

1875 –1950


Called Iron Man Of India And First Deputy Prime Minister Of India In 1947–50


Shri Rajiv Gandhi (Posthumous)

1944 –1991


9th Prime Minister Of India


Dr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela



President Of South Africa In 1994–99


Dr. Bhim Rao Ramji Ambedkar (Posthumous)

1891 –1956


Social Reformer And Leader Of The Dalits


Shri Marudu Gopalan Ramachandran (Posthumous)

1917 –1987


Chief Minister Of Tamil Nadu For 3rd Terms; 1977–80, 1980–84, 1985–87


Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

1890 –1988


Called Frontier Gandhi And Founded Khudai Khidmatgar (Red Shirt Movement) In 1929


Shri Acharya Vinobha Bhave (Posthumous)

1895 –1982


Independence Activist, Social Reformer


Mother Teresa

1910 –1997


“Saint Mother Teresa Of Calcutta”  Founder Of The Missionaries Of Charity


Shri Kumaraswami Kamraj(Posthumous)

1903 –1975


Chief Minister Of Tamil Nadu For 3 Terms – 1954–57, 1957–62, And 1962–63


Shri Varahagiri Venkata Giri

1894 –1980


4th Prime Minister And Independence Activist


Smt. Indira Gandhi

1917 –1984


Called As The “Iron Lady Of India” And Was Prime Minister Of India During 1966–77 And 1980–84


Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri (Posthumous)

1904 –1966


For His Slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” And Second Prime Minister Of India In 1964–66


Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane

1880 –1972


Indologist And Sanskrit Scholar


Dr. Zakir Hussain

1897 –1969


Independence Activist And Education Philosopher &  Vice Chancellor Of Aligarh Muslim University In 1948–56 And 3rd President Of India In 1967–69


Dr. Rajendra Prasad

1884 –1963


Independence Activist, Lawyer, Statesman, And Scholar & First President Of India 1950–62


Shri Purushottam Das Tandon

1882 –1962


Speaker Of The Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly In 1937–50 & Involvement Of Official Language Status To Hindi.


Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy

1882 –1962


Physician, Political Leader, Philanthropist, Educationist, And A Social Worker


Dr. Dhondo Keshave Karve

1858 –1962


Social Reformer And Educator


Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant

1887 –1961


1st Chief Minister Of Uttar Pradesh (1950–54) And Premier Of United Provinces In 1937–39, 1946–50


Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru

1889 –1964


1st Prime Minister Of India In 1947–64 & Independence Activist And Author


Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya

1861 –1962


Civil Engineer, Statesman, And Diwan Of Mysore In 1912–18


Dr. Bhagwan Das

1869 –1958


Independence Activist, Philosopher, And Educationist


Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman

1888 – 197




Dr. Sarvapali Radhakrishnan

1888 –1975


1st Vice-President In 1952–62) And Second President In 1962–67


Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari

1878 –1972


Independence Activist, Statesman, And Lawyer


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    December 8, 2017 at 1:33 am

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