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Inventions and Discoveries for Banking & SSC CGL Exam

Scientific Inventions and Discoveries


When you look at the question papers of SSC CHSL, SSC CGL, SSC MTS, IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk, IBPS SO, IPPB Sc. I, LIC AAO, etc. you may find a lot of questions related to Inventions and Discoveries. Questions based on Inventions and Discoveries form a part of the General Awareness section of many Govt. and Bank exams. Therefore, you need to be well prepared for the topic of  Famous People Who Made Scientific Discoveries for Banking & SSC CGL Exam. Moreover, if you are interested in taking any Online Mock Tests then you can click on the link to begin your preparation for any other Government Exams.

Here’s a list of Top Inventions and Discoveries by Scientists – A to Z List for Banking & SSC CGL Exam. We have divided the entire list into Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Computers, Space Science etc. You can also download this article as PDF for further reference.


Inventions/Discoveries Name of the Scientist/Person
Adding Machine Pascal
Aeroplane Wright brothers
Air Brake George Westinghouse
Air Pump Otto von Guericke
Airship (rigid) G. Ferdinand Von Zeppelin
Aniline Dyes Hoffman
Antiseptic Surgery Lord Joseph Lister
Arc Lamp C. F. Brush
Archimedean Screw Archimedies
Atom Neils Bohr
Atomic Number Mosley
Atomic Physics Enrico Fermi
Atomic Structure Bohr and Rutherford
Atomic Theory Dalton
Automatic gearbox Hermann Fottinger
Automobile Daimler
Automobiles using gasoline Karl Benz
Avogadro’s Hypothesis Avogadro
Bacteriology Robert Koch
Bacteriophage Max Delbruck
Bakelite Leo H Baekeland
Balloon Jacques and Joseph Montgolfier
Ball-Point Pen John J. Loud
Barometer Evangelista Torricelli
Behaviorism B. F. Skinner
Beri – Beri Eijkman
Bicycle Kirkpatrick Macmillan
Bicycle Tyre J.B. Dunlop
Bifocal Lens Benjamin Franklin
Binomial Nomenclature Carl Linnaeus
Biogenetic Principle Ernst Haeckel
Bismuth Valentine
Blood Circulation Harvey
Blood Groups Karl Landsteiner
Bomb Edward Teller
Boson S.N.Bose
Boyle’s law Boyle
Braille Louis Braille
Breaking up the Nucleus of an atom Rutherford
Calculating machine Pascal
Camera George Eastman
Carburetor Gottlieb Daimler
Carburettor Gottlieb Daimler
Cash register William Burroughs
Cell Doctrine Rudolf Virchow
Celluloid A.Parker
Cement Joseph Aspdin
Cenema A.L. and J.L. Lumiere
Centrigrade scale A. Celsius
Chemical Structure August Kekule
Chemotherapy Paul Ehrlich
Child Development Jean Piaget
Chloroform James Harrison and James Young Simpson
Cholera Bacillus Robert Koch
Chromosomal Theory of Heredity Thomas Hunt Morgan
Chronometer John Harrison
Cine camera Friese-Greene
Cinematograph Thomas Alva Edison
Cinematography Thomas Alva Edison
Circulation of the Blood William Harvey
Classical Field Theory Michael Faraday
Clock (machanical) Hsing and Ling-Tsan
Clock (pendulum) C. Hugyens
Coloured Photography Lippman
Computer Charles Babbage
Continental Drift Alfred Wegener
Cosmic Rays R.A.Millikan
Crescograph J.C.Bose
Crystal Dynamics C.V.Raman
Cyclotron Lawrence
D.D.T. Dr.Paul Muller
Deciphering the genetic code Dr.Hargobiad Khorana
Deuterium (Heavy Water) H.C.Urey
Diesel Engine Rudolf Diesel
Diesel Oil Engine Rudolf Diesel
Difference engine Charles Babbage
Electrons J.J.Thomson
Laws of Planetary Motion Kepler
North Pole Robert Peary (1909)
Solar System Copernicus (1540)
South Pole Amundson (1912)
Specific Gravity Archimedes
West Indies Columbus (1492)
Drinker’s Chamber of Iron Lung Dr.Philip Drinker
Dynamical theory of Heat Lord Kelvin
Dynamite Alfred B. Nobel
Dynamo Michael Faraday
Effect of Pressure on trough bodies Meghnad Saha
Eightfold Way Murray Gell-Mann
Electric Battery Alessandro Volta
Electric Flat Iron H. W. Seeley
Electric Furnace William Siemens
Electric Generator Michael Faraday
electric guitar Adolph Rickenbacker
Electric iron H.W. Seeley
Electric Lamp Thomas Alva Edison
Electric Measurement Gauss
Electric Motor (AC) Nikola Tesla
Electric razor Jacob Schick
Electrical Waves Heitz
Electricity Faraday
Electromagnet William Sturgeon
Electromagnetic Field James Clerk Maxwell
Electromagnetic Theory Maxwell
Electron Joseph J. Thomson
Electron Theory Bohr
Electronic Computer Dr. Alan M. Turing
Elevator Elisha G. Otis
Energy of the Sun Hans Bethe
Equal sign (=)? Robert Recorde
Ethology Konrad Lorenz
Eugenics Francis Galton
Evolution Charles Darwin
Evolution (theory) Charles Darwin
Evolutionary Theory Ernst Mayr
Fahrenheit Scale Fahrenheit
Film & Photographic goods Kodak
Film (with sound) Dr. Lee de Forest
Foundations of Biology Jean Baptiste Lamarck
Foundations of Mathematics Euclid
Founding of Modern Physiology Claude Bernard
Founding of Psychology Wilhelm Wundt
Fountain Pen Lewis E. Waterman
Fundamental Laws of Electric Attraction Coulomb
Galvanometer Andre-Marie Ampere
Gas lighting William Murdoch
Gasoline engine Karl Benz
Genetic Code Frederick Sanger
Geometry Euclid
Germ Theory of Disease Louis Pasteur
Glider Sir George Caley
Gramophone Thomas Alva Edison
Gun powder Rogei Bacon
Heavens William Herschel
Heavy Hydrogen Urey
Helicopter Broquett
Heliocentric Universe Nicolaus Copernicus
Helium Gas Lockyer
Homoeopathy Hahnemann
Hovercraft Christopher Cockerell
Human Sexuality Alfred Kinsey
Hydrogen Cavendish
Hydrophobia Louis Pasteur
I.Q. Test Alfred Binet
In Number Theory Ramanujam
Incandescent Bulb Edison
Induction Coil Rohm Korff
Induction of Electric Current Faraday
Insulin F.Banting
Intelligence test Binet
Internal Combustion Engine Otto
Jeans Levi Strauss
Jet Engine Sir Frank Whittle
Jet Propulsion Frank Whittle
Kala-azar Fever U.N.Brahmachari
Kaleidoscope David Brewster
Laboratory Gas Burner Robert Wilhelm Von Bunsen
Laughing Gas Priestley
Law of Electrolysis Faraday
Law of gases Gay Lussac
Laws of Electrical Resistance Ohm
Laws of Gravitation Newton
Laws of Heredity Gregory Mandel
Laws of Inheritance Gregor Mendel
Laws of Motion Newton
Laws of Multiple Proportion Dalton
Laws of Natural Selections Darwin
Life Boat Henry Great Head
Lift E.G. Otis
Lift (Elevators) Otis
Lightning Conductor Benjamin Franklin
Line of demarcation (ship) Plimsoll
Linotype Mergenthaler
Liquid Oxygen Dewar
Locomotive Richard Trevithick
Logarithmic Tables John Napier
Logarithms John Napier
Machine Gun Dr. Richard Gatling
Malarial Parasite Ronald Ross
Match (safety) J.E. Lurdstrom
Mathematical Astro Physics Chandrasekhar
Mathematical Genius Carl Gauss (Karl Friedrich Gauss)
Mauve dye Perkin
Measurement of Electrical Energy Joule, James Prescoft
Mechanical Equivalent of Heat Joules
Mercury Thermometer Fahrenheit
Meson Hideki Yakawa
Microphone Johann Phillip Reis, Alexander Graham Bell, Elisha Gray, Amos E. Dolbear, and Thomas Edison
Microscopic Anatomy Marcello Malpighi
Modern Anthropology Franz Boas
Modern Astronomy Arthur Eddington
Modern Computer John von Neumann
Modern Geology Charles Lyell
Modern Physiology William Bayliss
Modern Synthesis Theodosius Dobzhansky
Modern Telescope Edwin Hubble
Molecular Biology Francis Crick
Molecular Scattering of light in fluid Ramanathan
Montessori Method Maria Montessori
Motion of the Planets Johannes Kepler
Motor Car (petrol) Karl Butler
Movie Projector Thomas Alva Edison
Neon Gas Ramsay, Travers
Neon-lamp G. Claude
Neurophysiology Charles Sherrington
Neutron Chadwick
New Anatomy Andreas Vesalius
New Astronomy Tycho Brahe
New Science Galileo Galilei
Newtonian Mechanics Pierre Simon de Laplace
Newtonian Revolution Isaac Newton
Nuclear Fission Otto Hahn, Bohr and Fermi
Nylon Dr. Wallace H. Carothers
Nylon Plastic Carothers
Organic Chemistry Emil Fischer
Origin of Species Charles Darwin
Oxygen Priestly
Paints Shalimar
Paper clip Johann Vaaler
Parking meter Carlton Mcgee
Penicillin Alexander Fleming
Periodic Law Mendeleef
Periodic Table of Elements Dmitri Mendeleev
Pharmacology Gertrude Belle Elion
Phonograph Edison
Photograph Dauguerre
Photography (paper) W.H. Fox Tablot
Phototherapy N.R.Finsen
Pneumatic Tyres John Boyd Dunlop
Positive Electrons Anderson
Power Loom Edmund Cartwright
Powerloom Cartwright
Principle for lever (S.P.Gravity) Archimedes
Printing for the Blind Braille
Printing Press Johannes Gutenberg
Psycho-analysis Dr.Sigmund Freud
Psychology of the Unconscious Sigmund Freud
Quanta Max Planck
Quantum Cosmology Stephen Hawking
Quantum Electrodynamics Richard Feynman
Quantum Mechanics Max Born
Quantum Theory Werner Heisenberg
Quantum Theory Max plank
Raazor (safety) K.G. Gillete
Rabies Vaccine Louis Pasteur
Radar Dr. A.H. Taylor and L.C. Young
Radio G. Marconi
Radio transmitter Alexanderson
Radioactive Dating Willard Libby
Radioactivity Marie Curie
Radio-activity of Uranium Henry Becquerel
Radium Madame Curie
Railway Engine Stephenson
Raincoat Charles Macintosh
Raman effect C.V.Raman
Rare Gas Cavandish
Rayon American Viscose Co.
Razor (electric) Col. J. Schick
Refrigerator James Harrison, Alexander Catlin
Replacing human heart Christian Barnard
Revolution in Chemistry Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
Revolver Samuel Colt
Rise of German Science Hermann von Helmholtz
rubber (vulcanized) Charles Goodyear
Rubber (waterproof) Charles Macintosh
Safety lamp Sir Humphrey Davy
Safety Pin William Hurst
Safety Razor King C. Gillette
Salk Vaccine Salk
Saxophone Antoine Joseph Sax
Scientific astronomy Hippalus
Scientific Thinking Lucretius
Scooter G. Bradshaw
Seismograph Roberts Mallet
Sewing Machine Thomas Saint
Sextant Hadley
Ship (steam) J.C. Perier
Ship (turbine) Sir Charles Parsons
Shorthand Sir Isaac Pitman
Sociobiology Edward O. Wilson
Soviet Genetics Trofim Lysenko
Space flying Braun, Dr.Wernher Von
Spectroscope Bunsen
Spectroscopy Gustav Kirchhoff
Spinning frame Sir Richard Arkwight
Spinning jenny James Hargreaves
Stainless Steel Harry Brearley
Steam boat Fulton
Steam Engine James Watt
Steam engine (condenser) James Watt
Steam engine (piston) Thomas Newcome
Steam Turbine Parsons
Steel Melting Process Bessemer
Steel production Henry Bessemer
Stethoscope Dr. William Stokes, Rene Laennec
Stress Concept Hans Selye
Structural Anthropology Claude Levi-Strauss
Structure of DNA James Watson
Structure of the Atom Ernest Rutherford
Submarine David Bushnell
Sulpha Drugs Domagk
Superconductivity Heike Kamerlingh
Symbiosis Theory Lynn Margulis
Symbol (x)? William Oughtred
T.N.T. llly Brandt
Talkies Lee-de-Frost
Tank Sir Ernest Swington
Telegraph Samuel Morse
Telegraphic Code Samuel Morse
Telephone Sir Alexander Graham Bell
Telescope Galileo
Television Baird
Television (mechanical) John Logie Baird
Tempo of Evolution George Gaylord Simpson
Terylene J. Whinfield and H. Dickson
The long playing microgroove record Peter Goldmark
Theory of conditioned reflex Pavlov
Theory of Evolution Darwin
Theory of Relativity Einstein
Theory of the Atom John Dalton
Thermodynamics Ludwig Boltzmann
Thermometer Galileo Gallei
Thermos Flasks Dewar
Tractor J. Froelich
Transformer Michael Faraday
Transistor Bardeen, Shockley, Brattain
Typewriter C. Sholes
Uranium fusion Oho Hahn
Uranus (Planet) Herschel William
Vaccination Edward Jenner
Valve of radio Sir J.A. Fleming
Vitamins Hopkins and Funk
Vitamin A Elmer V. McCollum and M. Davis
Vitamin B Elmer V. McCollum
Vitamin B1 Casimir Funk
Vitamin B2 D. T. Smith, E. G. Hendrick
Vitamin Niacin Conrad Elvehjem
Vitamin Folic acid Lucy Wills
Vitamin B6 Paul Gyorgy
Vitamin C James Lind
Vitamin D Edward Mellanby
Vitamin E Herbert Evans and Katherine Bishop
Vulcanised Rubber Charles Goodyear
Washing Soda Lablanc
Watch A.L. Breguet
Waterproof Rubber Charles Macintosh
Wave Mechanics Erwin Schrodinger
Wave Theory of Light Christiaan Huygens
Wave/Particle Duality Louis Victor de Broglie
Wireless Communication Oliver Lodge
Wireless Telegraphy Marcony
World Wide Web and Hypertext Markup Language Tim Berners Lee
X – Rays Roentgen
X-ray Wilhelm Reontgen
X-ray Crystallography Max von Laue
zerox machine Chester Carlson
Zip fastener W. L. Judson
Zipper B. F. Goodrich


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