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GK Notes: Major Crops & their Producing States, Major Crops Grown in India

Major Crops & their Producing States

GK Notes: Major Crops & their Producing States, Major Crops Grown in India

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Dear readers,

You must have noticed that questions from Major Crops & their Producing States are generally asked in competitive exams making it a very important topic for you to study. So here is a list of most important crops and their producing states.


GK Notes: Major Crops & their Producing States, Major Crops Grown in India





Soil Used


Rice, Wheat, Maize, Pulses, Vegetables, Fruits, Sugarcane, Jute

Sandy Loam soil, Loam soil, Clay soil, Clay Loam soil


Rice, Maize, Wheat, Niger, Groundnut, Pulses

Red & Yellow soil, Red Sandy soil, Red Loam soil, Black Cotton soil, Laterite soil,


Rice, Wheat, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, tur, Gram, Cotton, Groundnuts, Dates, Sugarcane

Black soil, Alluvial soil, Hill soil, Desert soil


Sugarcane, Barley, Jowar, Bajra, Gram, Rice, Wheat, Mustard, Cotton

Salt Affected soil, Alkali Soil, Saline soil

Himachal Pradesh

Off-season vegetables, vegetables seeds, potato & ginger besides soybean, oilseeds, pulses, fruits

Sedimentary soil, Brown soil, Brownish soil

Jammu & Kashmir

Paddy, Wheat, Maize, Barley, Bajra, Jowar, Gram, Apple, Walnuts

Brown Forest soil, Grey Brown Podzolic soil, Red & Yellow Podzolic soil, Hills Forest soil, Mountain Meadow soil, Saline Alkali soil, Alluvial soil


Rice, Ragi, Maize, Wheat, Redgram, Niger, Fruits

Red soil, Micacious soil, Sandy soil, Black soil, Laterite soil


Paddy, Jowar, Ragi, Maize, Sunflower, sugarcane, Cotton, Tobacco

Red soil, Lateritic soil, Black soil, Alluvio-Colluvial soil, Forest soil, Coastal soil

Madhya Pradesh

Wheat, Maize, Jowar, Gram, Tur, Urad, Moong, Soybean, Groundnuts, Mustard, Cotton, Sugarcane

Black soil, Red & Yellow soil, Alluvial soil, Laterite soil, Mixed soil


Rice, Jowar, Bajra, Wheat, Pulses, Cotton, Sugarcane, Several Oil Seeds, Sunflower, Groundnuts & Soybean

Black-Cotton soil, Kali soil, Morad soil, Pather soil,


Wheat, Rice, Maize, Barley, Pulses, Rapeseed and Mustard, Sunflower, Oil Seeds, Sugarcane, Cotton, Fruits, Vegetables

Flood plain soil, Loamy soil, Sandy soil, Desert soil, Kandi Soil, Sierozems, Sodic and Saline soil


Wheat, Sugarcane, Bajra, Baley, Jowar, Maize, Chili, Cotton, Mango, Rice, Vegetables, Groundnut, Oil seeds, Pulses

Sandy soil, Saline soil, Alkaline soil, Chalky soil, Clay soil, Loamy soil, Black Lava soil, Nitrogenous soil

Uttar Pradesh

Fruits, Vegetables, Spices, Floriculture, Medicinal/aromatic plants, others like Betel vine, Mushroom, Honey production

Alluvium soil, Sandy soil, Clayey Soil, Red & Black soil

West Bengal

Rice, Jute, Tea, Potatoes, Oilseeds, Betel, Vine, Tobacco, Wheat, Barley, Maize

Laterite soil, Red soil, Alluvial soil, Coastal soil, Terai soil, Colluvial soil




Rankwise List of Crop Producing States of India


Food Grains


                          Crop                                      State


(1) U.P.
(2) Punjab
(3) Haryana


(1) Maharashtra
(3)Madhya Pradesh


(1) M.P.
(2) U.P.
(3) Andhra Pradesh


(1) West Bengal
(2) U.P.
(3) Andhra Pradesh


(1) Rajasthan
(2) Gujarat
(3) Maharashtra


(1) Andhra Pradesh
(2) Karnataka
(3) Rajasthan

Overall total food grains

(1) U.P.
(3) Madhya Pradesh



Oil Seed



Rank of State


(1) Gujarat

(2) Andhra Pradesh

(3) Tamilnadu


(1) Rajasthan

(2) U.P.

(3) Haryana

Overall total oil seeds

(1) Madhya Pradesh

(2) Maharashtra

(3) Rajasthan

Soya bean

(1) Madhya Pradesh

(2) Maharashtra

(3) Rajasthan


(1) Karnataka

(2) Andhra Pradesh

(3) Maharashtra


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