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Scholarship Examination in India

Directions (Q.1-10): In the following passage, there are blanks each of which has been numbered. For each blank five words have been suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.


WHO estimates that, within the next few years, non-communicable diseases will become the principal global (1) of morbidity and mortality. The role of diet in the diagnosis of most noncommunicable diseases as well (2). The shift towards highly refined foods and towards meat and dairy products containing high levels of saturated fats, now increasingly (3) in middle income and lower- income countries, have, together with reduced energy (4), contributed to rises in the (5) of obesity and non-communicable diseases. Because of the global extent of the epidemic, the advantages of promoting healthy diets and preventing overnutrition should be explored.

The prohibitive costs of treating the consequences of overnutrition require that increased attention be given to preventive measures. Parallels exist between these requirements and the initiatives taken to control tobacco consumption, from which important (6) can be learnt, especially with respect to the use of international legal instruments. However, because some of the largest multinational companies are heavily involved in the creation and marketing of unhealthy foods, the control of these activities ‘presents a (7) challenge. There is a growing (8) that prevention demands public health actions at both the national and global levels, ranging from more health education to improved food labelling and controls on the marketing of certain foods and soft drinks. This will require innovative and committed (9) by all (10).

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 English Language Quiz


(1) session

(2) effect

(3) result

(4) causes

(5) trouble



(1) document

(2) established

(3) aware

(4) timed

(5) proportioned



(1) appeared

(2) presenting

(3) evident

(4) prevalence

(5) existed



(1) cost

(2) expenditure

(3) intake

(4) savings

(5) expansion



(1) incidence

(2) happening

(3) commonality

(4) occasion

(5) expulsion



(1) tutorials

(2) lessons

(3) practice

(4) point

(5) habits



(1) formidable

(2) pretentious

(3) alarming

(4) enormous

(5) solution



(1) need

(2) demand

(3) association

(4) credit

(5) recognition



(1) amalgamation

(2) joining

(3) knowledge

(4) collaboration

(5) information



(1) party

(2) population

(3) politicians

(4) segmentations

(5) concerned


Directions (Q. 11-12): Which of the phrases given against the sentence should replace the

word/phrase given in bold in the sentence to make it grammatically correct? If the sentence is

correct as it is given and no correction is required, market), ie (No correction required), as the



Q.11. Top managers are often stymied by the difficulty of managing conflict.

(1) difficulties of managing

(2) difficulty for managing

(3) difficulty for management

(4) difficult of management

(5) No correction required


Q.12. Hollywood bare escaped being totally sidelined by the rise of television.

(1) bare escapism

(2) barely escapism

(3) bare escapes

(4) barely escaped

(5) No correction required

English Language Quiz Answers:

Q.1. (4)
Q.2. (2)
Q.3. (3)
Q.4. (2)
Q.5. (1)
Q.6. (2)
Q.7. (1)
Q.8. (5)
Q.9. (4)


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