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Father of Different Fields of Science & Technology



The following is a list of significant men and women known for being the fathermother, or considered the founders mostly in Western societies in a field, listed by category. Such people are generally regarded to have made the first significant contributions to and/or delineation of that field; they may also be seen as “a” rather than “the” father or mother of the field. In most non-science fields, the title of being the “father” is debatable.



                Name of Field    Name of Father
Father of Ayurveda Dhanwantari
Father of Anatomy Andreas Vesalius
Father of Atom Bomb J. Robert Oppenheimer
Father of Aviation Sir George Cayley
Father of Biology Aristotle
Father of Botany Theophrastus
Father of Computer Charles Babbage
Father of Computer Science George Boole and Alan Turing
Father of Economics Adam Smith
Father of Electricity Benjamin Franklin
Father of Electronics Michael Faraday
Father of Email Ray Tomlinson
Father of English Poetry Geoffrey Chaucer
Father of Evolution Charles Darwin
Father of Genetics Gregor Mendel
Father of Geometry Euclid
Father of Humanism Francesco Petrarca
Father of Immunology Edward Jenner
Father of Internet Vint Cerf
Father of Laptop Bill Moggridge
Father of Microbiology Antonie Philips Van Leeuwenhoek
Father of Microscopy Antonie Philips Van Leeuwenhoek
Father of Mobile Phone Martin Cooper
Father of Modern Astronomy Nicolaus Copernicus
Father of Modern Medicine Hippocrates
Father of Modern Olympic Pierre De Coubertin
Father of Modern Physics Galileo Galilei
Father of Nanotechnology Richard Smalley
Father of New France Samuel de Champlain
Father of Nuclear Chemistry Otto Hahn
Father of Nuclear Physics Ernest Rutherford
Father of Nuclear Science Marie Curie and Pierre Curie
Father of Numbers Pythagoras
Father of Periodic Table Dmitri Mendeleev
Father of Philosophy Rene Descartes
Father of Plastic Surgery Sir Harold Gillies
Father of Political Science Aristotle
Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Sanstrik Grammar Panini
Father of Scientific Management Frederick Winslow Taylor
Father of Sociology


Auguste comte


 List of People regarded as Father of a Scientific Field


Father of Surgery Sushruta
Father of Telephone Alexander Graham Bell
Father of Television Philo Farnsworth
Father of the American Constitution James Madison
Father of the Indian Constitution Dr. B.R Ambedkar
Father of the Green Revolution Norman Ernest Borlaug
Father of the Green Revolution in India M. S. Swaminathan
Father of the Indian Constitution Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
Father of Western Medicine Hippocrates


Objective Questions on Father of different Fields frequently asked in SSC,CDS,NDA,PSC, Railway and other competitive examinations –


1. Who among the following is known as Father of Electronics?

  1. James Madison
  2. Galileo Galilei
  3. Michael Faraday
  4. Alexander Graham Bell


2. Euclid is known as Father of which of the following fields?

  1. Geometry
  2. Biology
  3. Surgery
  4. Microbiology


3. Who among the following is known as Father of Genetics?

  1. Charles Darwin
  2. Gregor Mendel
  3. Benjamin Franklin
  4. Hippocrates


4. Marie Curie and Pierre Curie are known as Father of which of the following fields?

  1. Modern Physics
  2. Computer Science
  3. Nuclear Chemistry
  4. Nuclear Science


5. Who among the following is known as Father of Surgery?

  1. Hippocrates
  2. Sushruta
  3. Sir Harold Gillies
  4. Antonie Philips Van Leeuwenhoek


Answers : 1(3), 2(1),3(2),4(4), 5(2)

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