World Famous Dictators

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A dictator is a leader who holds absolute authority and an extraordinary degree of personal power. Adolf Hitler, one of the most notorious dictators to have ever walked the earth was someone who is almost synonymous with the word.

Dictators and Tyrants in World History. As the third president of Uganda, Idi Amin ruthlessly abused his powers and his rule was characterized by rampant abuse of human rights, ethnic persecution, extrajudicial killings, and widespread corruption. Robert Mugabe, the President of Zimbabwe is another dictator who is often compared to Adolf Hitler for the immeasurable cruelty he inflicted on the people. Browse on to learn more interesting facts about the life of famous dictators from all over the world.

A dictator is a ruler who wields absolute authority. A state ruled by a dictator is called a dictatorship. The word originated as the title of a magistrate in ancient Rome appointed by the Senate to rule the republic in times of emergency.

List of Famous Dictators in the World:

 Adolf Hitler 

› Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-born German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party.

› He was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.

› As effective dictator of Nazi Germany, Hitler was at the centre of World War II in Europe, and the Holocaust.

› Age: Died at 56 (1889-1945)

› Birthplace: Braunau am Inn, Austria

› Profession: Politician, Soldier, Writer, Artist

› Credits: World War II in HD Colour, Apocalypse: The Second World War

› Autobiography: Mein Kampf

 Joseph Stalin 

› Joseph Stalin or Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953.

› Among the Bolshevik revolutionaries who took part in the Russian Revolution of 1917, Stalin was appointed general secretary of the party’s Central Committee in 1922.

› Age: Died at 75 (1878-1953)

› Birthplace: Gori, Georgia

› Profession: Politician, Soldier

› Credits: World War II in HD Colour, Apocalypse: The Second World War

 Mao Zedong 

› Mao Zedong, also transliterated as Mao Tse-tung and commonly referred to as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese Communist revolutionary and the founding father of the People’s Republic of China, which he governed as Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.

› Age: Died at 83 (1893-1976)

› Birthplace: Shaoshan, China

› Profession: Librarian, Politician

 Benito Mussolini 

› Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the National Fascist Party, ruling the country as Prime Minister from 1922 until his ousting in 1943.

› He ruled constitutionally until 1925, when he dropped all pretense of democracy and set up a legal dictatorship. 

› Age: Died at 62 (1883-1945)

› Birthplace: Predappio, Italy

› Profession: Politician, Journalist, Writer

› Credits: Hundred Days

 Kim Jong-il 

› Kim Jong-il was the Supreme Leader of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, commonly referred to as North Korea, from 1994 to 2011.

› By the early 1980s Kim had become the heir apparent for the leadership of the country and assumed important posts in the party and army organs.

› He succeeded his father and founder of the DPRK, Kim Il-sung, following the elder Kim’s death in 1994.

› Age: Died at 70 (1941-2011)

› Birthplace: Vyatskoye, Khabarovsk Krai, Russia

› Profession: Politician

› Credits: A State of Mind, The Schoolgirl’s Diary, Sea of Blood

 Pol Pot 

› Pol Pot, born Saloth Sar, was a Cambodian socialist revolutionary who led the Khmer Rouge from 1963 until 1997.

› From 1963 to 1981, he served as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea. As such, he became the leader of Cambodia on 17 April 1975, when his forces captured Phnom Penh.

› Age: Died at 73 (1925-1998)

› Birthplace: Kampong Thom Province, Cambodia

› Profession: Politician, Teacher

Saddam Hussein

› Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti was the fifth President of Iraq, serving in this capacity from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.

› A leading member of the revolutionary Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party, and later, the Baghdad-based Ba’ath Party and its regional organization Ba’ath Party – Iraq

› Age: Died at 69 (1937-2006)

› Birthplace: Al-Awja, Iraq

› Profession: Politician, Party leader, Writer

 Robert Mugabe 

› Robert Gabriel Mugabe is the current President of Zimbabwe, serving since 31 December 1987.

› As one of the leaders of the rebel groups against white minority rule, he was elected as Prime Minister, head of government, in 1980, and served in that office until 1987, when he became the country’s first executive head of state.

› He has led the Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front (ZANU–PF) since 1975.

› Age: age 91

› Birthplace: Zvimba District

› Profession: Politician

 Chiang Kai-shek 

› Chiang Kai-shek was a Chinese political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975.

› He is known as Chiang Chung-cheng or Chiang Chieh-shih in Standard Chinese.

› Chiang was an influential member of the Kuomintang, the Chinese Nationalist Party, and was a close ally of Sun Yat-sen.

› He became the Commandant of the Kuomintang’s Whampoa Military Academy and took Sun’s place as leader of the KMT when Sun died in 1925.

› Age: Died at 88 (1887-1975)

› Birthplace: Xikou, China

› Profession: Politician, Soldier, Warlord, Generalissimo

 Idi Amin 

› Idi Amin Dada was the third President of Uganda, ruling from 1971 to 1979.

› Amin joined the British colonial regiment, the King’s African Rifles in 1946, serving in Kenya and Uganda.

› Eventually, Amin held the rank of major general in the post-colonial Ugandan Army and became its commander before seizing power in the military coup of January 1971, deposing Milton Obote.

› He later promoted himself to field marshal while he was the head of state.

› Age: Died at 78 (1925-2003)

› Birthplace: Koboko, Uganda

› Profession: Politician, Soldier

› Credits: General Idi Amin Dada: A Self Portrait

 Bashar al-Assad 

› Bashar Hafez al-Assad is the President of Syria, commander-in-chief of Syrian Armed Forces, General Secretary of the ruling Ba’ath Party and Regional Secretary of the party’s branch in Syria.

› He has served as President since 2000, when he succeeded his father, Hafez al-Assad, who led Syria for 30 years and died in office a month prior.

› Age: age 50

› Birthplace: Damascus, Syria

› Profession: Politician, Physician

 Ferdinand Marcos 

› Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos was a Filipino lawyer and politician who served as President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986.

› In the earlier part of his presidency, he was known for his leadership that saw high economic growth in the country.

› However in 1972, he placed the entire country under martial law

› He ruled under martial law from 1972 until 1981

› Age: Died at 72 (1917-1989)

› Birthplace: Sarrat, Philippines

› Profession: Politician, Soldier, Lawyer

 Kim Il-sung 

› Kim Il-sung was the leader of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, commonly referred to as North Korea, for 46 years, from its establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994.

› He held the posts of Prime Minister from 1948 to 1972 and President from 1972 to his death.

› He was also the leader of the Workers’ Party of Korea from 1949 to 1994 (titled as chairman from 1949 to 1966 and as general secretary after 1966).

› Age: Died at 82 (1912-1994)

› Birthplace: Pyongyang, Pyongan, North Korea

› Profession: Politician

› Credits: Crossing the Line, The Flower Girl

Francisco Franco 

› Francisco Franco Bahamonde was a Spanish general and the dictator of Spain from 1939 until his death in 1975.

› Coming from a military background, he became the youngest general in Europe in the 1920s.

› A strong conservative, he was shocked when the monarchy was removed and replaced with a republic in 1931.

› Age: Died at 83 (1892-1975)

› Birthplace: Ferrol, Spain

› Profession: Politician

› Credits: Raza

 Ho Chi Minh 

› Hồ Chí Minh, born Nguyễn Sinh Côn, or Nguyễn Sinh Cung, also known as Nguyễn Tất Thành and Nguyễn Ái Quốc, was a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was prime minister and president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

› He was a key figure in the foundation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945, as well as the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the Việt Cộng (NLF or VC) during theVietnam War.

› Age: Died at 79 (1890-1969)

› Birthplace: Kim Lien, Vietnam

› Profession: Politician

› Credits: 79 primaveras

Muammar al-Gaddafi 

› Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi, commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi, was a Libyan revolutionary and politician who governed Libya as its primary leader from 1969 to 2011.

› power in a coup d’etat, he ruled as Revolutionary Chairman of the Libyan Arab Republic from 1969 to 1977 and then as the “Brotherly Leader” of the Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya from 1977 to 2011, when he was ousted in the Libyan Civil War

› Age: Died at 69 (1942-2011)

› Birthplace: Qasr Abu Hadi

› Profession: Politician, Soldier, Military Officer

Nikita Khrushchev 

› Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev was a Russian politician who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War.

› He served as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958 to 1964. Khrushchev was responsible  for the de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union, for backing the progress of the early Soviet space program, and for several relatively liberal reforms in areas of domestic policy

› Age: Died at 77 (1894-1971)

› Birthplace: Kalinovka, Russia

› Profession: Politician

› Credits: Sputnik Mania

Hideki Tōjō 

› Hideki Tojo was a general of the Imperial Japanese Army, the leader of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association, and the 40th Prime Minister of Japan during much of World War II, from October 17, 1941 to July 22, 1944.

› As Prime Minister, he was responsible for the attack on Pearl Harbor, which initiated war between Japan and the United States, although planning for it had begun before he entered office.

› After the end of the war, Tojo was arrested, sentenced to death for Imperial Japanese war crimes by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, and hanged on December 23, 1948.

› Age: Died at 64 (1884-1948)

› Birthplace: Kōjimachi, Tokyo

› Profession: Politician, Military Officer

Mobutu Sese Seko 

› Mobutu Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu Wa Za Banga the military dictator and President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (which Mobutu renamed Zaire in 1971) from 1965 to 1997.

› He also served as Chairperson of the Organisation of African Unity in 1967–1968.

› Age: Died at 67 (1930-1997)

› Birthplace: Lisala, Democratic Republic of the Congo

› Profession: Politician

Jean-Claude Duvalier 

› Jean-Claude Duvalier, nicknamed “Bébé Doc” or “Baby Doc”, was the President of Haiti from 1971 until his overthrow by a popular uprising in 1986.

› He succeeded his father François “Papa Doc” Duvalier as the ruler of Haiti after the latter’s death in 1971.

› After assuming power, he introduced cosmetic changes to his father’s regime and delegated much authority to his advisors.

› Age: Died at 63 (1951-2014)

› Birthplace: Port-au-Prince, Haiti

› Profession: Politician

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